DUBAI: Iran's senior nuclear negotiator Abbas Araqchi will announce more reductions in its commitments to the 2015 nuclear deal on Sunday, the semi-official news agency Fars reported, as Tehran says European partners failed to shield it from US sanctions.
Other officials will join Araqchi in making the announcement at a news conference on Sunday morning, Fars reported.
On Friday, a top adviser to Iran’s supreme leader hinted Tehran could boost its uranium enrichment to five percent for “peaceful” aims, ahead of deadline it set for world powers to save a landmark 2015 nuclear deal.
Iran is acting on its May 8 threat to suspend from Sunday parts of the agreement in response to US President Donald Trump’s re-imposition of crippling sanctions after withdrawing from the deal in May last year.
The accord capped Iran’s enrichment maximum at 3.67 percent, sufficient for power generation but far below the more than 90 percent level required for a nuclear weapon.
Uranium enrichment “will increase as much as needed for our peaceful activities,” Ali Akbar Velayati, international affairs adviser to Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei said in an interview published Friday on the leader’s official website.
“For Bushehr nuclear reactor we need five percent enrichment and it is a completely peaceful goal,” he added.
Bushehr is Iran’s only nuclear power station and is currently running on imported fuel from Russia that is closely monitored by the UN’s International Atomic Energy Agency.
On May 8, Iran announced it would no longer respect the limits set on the size of its stockpiles of enriched uranium and heavy water, and threatened to abandon further nuclear commitments, including exceeding the agreed uranium enrichment maximum from July 7.
It has also threatened to resume building from that date a heavy water reactor — capable of one day producing plutonium — in Arak in central Iran, a project that had been mothballed under the deal.
The move comes in response to what Iran deems a failure by the remaining parties to the deal — Britain, China, France, Germany and Russia — to provide Tehran with relief from the US sanctions.
“The US has directly and Europeans indirectly violated” the deal, said Velayati.
“We will react proportionally the more they violate it.”