Blacksmiths of Karachi’s Lohar Market gear up big for Eid Al-Adha

A worker displays knifes and cleavers at Lohar market in Karachi ahead of Eid ul Adha. August 10, 2019. (Photo AN)
Updated 11 August 2019

Blacksmiths of Karachi’s Lohar Market gear up big for Eid Al-Adha

  • Lohar Market produces 30 tons of knives and cleavers to meet seasonal demand around Eid
  • Prices of instruments have risen between 20 to 30 percent for wholesalers, blacksmiths say

KARACHI: On any other week, Karachi’s ragged Lohar ‘blacksmith’ Market is lackluster and quiet, but once a year, before the Muslim festival of sacrifice, Eid Al-Adha, the old marketplace springs into action, a loud bustling bazaar packed full of artisans creating and selling their handiwork in Pakistan’s largest city. 

A blacksmith gives a cleaver finishing touches at  Lohar Market in Karachi ahead of Eid ul Adha. August 10, 2019. (Photo AN)

“The market produces roughly 30 tons of knives of all sizes during the season of Eid Al-Adha as demand multiplies ahead of the festival,” Hajji Abdul Sattar Mugal, president of the Lohar Market association, told Arab News as he took a burning rod of iron from a coal-fired furnace.
The demand for sharp knives and cleavers comes from the city’s butchers and from people who prefer to slaughter sacrificial animals themselves on Eid Al-Adha, where more than seven million animals worth an estimated $3 billion were sacrificed on the occasion in 2017, with their hides and skins alone worth $32 million last year according to data shared by the Pakistan Tanners Association (PTA).

A blacksmith readies a kiln to melt iron and molding it into cleavers at Karachi’s old market. August 10, 2019. (Photo AN)

Many of the artisans and blacksmiths in Lohar Market have inherited the profession from their forefathers, and the market, stuffed full of shops and small factories, churns out some of the best instruments in the entire industry.
“The knives are made with worn-out leaf springs of trucks and buses. First, they are pressed in machines to make the blades and then sharpened and given finishing touches with the hands,” Mahmud, a blacksmith, told Arab News.

A blacksmith gives a cleaver its finishing touches on at Lohar Market in Karachi ahead of Eid ul Adha. August 10, 2019. (Photo AN)

Known for its merchandise, Lohar Market is equally popular among wholesalers and individual buyers.
“Major supply of knives and allied accessories is made in Karachi. A small quantity of around two tons goes to the interior parts of Sindh and Balochistan provinces,” Mughal said.
But on the back of record levels of inflation, and a currency devaluation that has seen Pakistan’s rupee losing more than 45 percent of its value against the dollar since last year, the blacksmiths of Lohar Market say they are spending most of their time this pre-holiday season bargaining with incensed customers.

Abdul Sattar Mughal gives shape to a piping hot iron rod at his shop in Karachi’s Lohar Market ahead of Eid al-Adha. August 10, 2019 

“The impact of the rupee devaluation is hurting our business because the prices of our core inputs like coal, iron, and electricity have gone up. Besides, essential tools’ prices have also increased manifold,” Mughal said and added that prices had increased by almost 20 percent per kg as compared to last year. 
“Most of the time, we keep arguing with angry customers,” he said.

A blacksmith displays knives and cleavers at his shop in Lohar Market. August 10, 2019. (Photo AN)

Following a $6 billion bailout package that Islamabad negotiated and availed from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) earlier this year, the prices of energy including electricity and gas have drastically increased.
As a result, traders say the prices of knives have increased by 10 to 20 percent as compared to last year, and the prices of cleavers have increased by almost 30 percent. 
Eid related shopping at Lohar Market is not limited to solely the selling and purchasing of knives and cleavers. There are skewers, barbecue grills, iron trays and all manner of utensils that aid in the cooking of meat. 

Barbecue grills and stoves on display at a shop in Lohar Market in Karachi aahead of Eid al-Adha, the Muslim feast of sacrifice. August 10, 2019 (Photo AN)

Though the wholesalers buy goods from this market and sell in other parts of the city, many customers prefer to come here in search of good bargains.
“I prefer to purchase original things from this market because they are cheaper. You have varieties here to pick of your own choice,” Abdul Qayum, a customer at the market told Arab News. 
Nearby, another trading post called Junna Market buzzed with sounds of the repair and testing of meat mincing machines- the associated commotion of Eid in Karachi’s teeming bazaars. 

Pakistan Medical Association, doctors fear coronavirus surge as lockdowns lifted nationwide

Updated 09 August 2020

Pakistan Medical Association, doctors fear coronavirus surge as lockdowns lifted nationwide

  • Islamabad’s PIMS hospital had less than 10 coronavirus patients before Eid Al-Adha but new patients coming in since
  • Pakistan announced on Thursday it was opening virtually all sectors closed down in March to stem the spread of COVID-19

ISLAMABAD: The Pakistan Medical Association (PMA) and infectious disease experts on Thursday warned of a possible surge in coronavirus cases due to a premature lifting of restrictions, as the government announced a day earlier that it was opening virtually all sectors closed down in March to stem the spread of COVID-19.
Pakistan shut schools and land borders nearly five months ago, decided to limit domestic and international flights and discouraged large gatherings to try to halt the spread of the coronavirus. But with infections and deaths down nearly 80 percent since their peak as per government records, the government decided on Thursday to lift the lockdowns to help the country return to normalcy.
Pakistan celebrated the Eid Al-Adha religious holiday last week. After the last major Islamic festival, of Eid Al-Fitr, in May, infections rose to their peak in Pakistan.
Dr. Nasim Akhtar, head of infectious diseases at the Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences (PIMS) in Islamabad, told Arab News the coronavirus ward at her hospital only had five to six patients before Eid, but new patients had once again started coming in.
“Cases registered a sharp increase after Eid Al-Fitr, and this can happen now again with the lifting of the lockdowns,” she said, adding that the government should have waited at least two more weeks to reopen restaurants and other public places.
“This is a bit early, and may worsen the situation again,” Akhtar said.
The World Health Organization has said “extreme vigilance” was needed as countries begin to exit from lockdowns, amid global concerns about a second wave of infections.
Germany earlier reported an acceleration in new coronavirus infections after it took early steps to ease its lockdown. South Korea, another country that had succeeded in limiting virus infections, saw a new outbreak.
“The next week is crucial to see if the infections soar as just one week has passed now since the Eid holidays,” Dr. Qaiser Sajjad, secretary-general of the Pakistan Medical Association, told Arab News.



Cases could also surge during the Islamic month of Muharram, which begins in late August, he said, and due to independence day celebrations on August 14. Huge crowds come out all over the world, including in Muslim-majority Pakistan, to commemorate the slaying of Imam Hussein, grandson of the Prophet Muhammed (pbuh).
“We think that the opening of all these things in a hurry ... probably this will create problems for us,” Sajjad said.
He said infections had risen sharply in the United States and Brazil after the nations lifted restrictions when cases initially declined. Spain reported 1,772 new coronavirus infections on Aug 6, marking the biggest jump since a national lockdown was lifted in June.
University of Health Sciences vice chancellor Javed Akram, however, called the reopening of public places a “wise decision.”
“The government cannot keep the cities and businesses under lockdown forever,” he said. “People should follow health guidelines to fight the virus.”