Lebanon ‘going to hell’ if fails to form government, says president

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A handout picture provided by the Lebanese photo agency Dalati and Nohra on September 21, 2020, shows President Michel Aoun talking to the press at the presidential palace in Baabda, east of the capital, regarding ongoing consultations to form a new cabinet. (AFP)
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Michel Aoun said he proposed canceling Lebanon’s sectarian quotas for sovereign ministries. (File/AFP)
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Prime Minister-designate Mustapha Adib called for cooperation from all sides. (File/AFP)
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Updated 22 September 2020

Lebanon ‘going to hell’ if fails to form government, says president

  • Disputes over who should hold key posts
  • Adib said he would spare no effort ‘to achieve this goal in cooperation with the president’

BEIRUT: Lebanon is “going to hell” if it fails to form a government, the president warned on Monday.

A huge explosion on Aug. 4 at the Port of Beirut led to the resignation of Prime Minister Hassan Diab and his administration.

Mustapha Adib, the country’s 48-year old ambassador to Germany, was named as his replacement and tasked with assembling a new government.

However his mission has stalled, not least because of a dispute over who will lead the Ministry of Finance.

Hezbollah and its ally the Amal Movement want Shiite ministers in the cabinet, including the finance minister. The Free Patriotic Movement has objected to their demand and proposed naming ministers from small sects to assume key portfolios.

Lebanon “is going to hell if the situation remains as it is,” President Michel Aoun said. “Neither bullying one another will benefit, nor channeling foreign powers will help. Only understanding each other based on the constitution and balance will take us to stability and recovery. The rigidity of positions will not lead us to any result except for more aggravation, while what Lebanon needs most in light of all its successive crises is some resolution and solidarity so that it can rise and confront its problems.”

An initiative from France stipulates that the government comprise specialists who are separate from the parties in power, that portfolios should be rotated, that the government be small, its work team homogeneous and that it carry out a specific reform mission.

This mission, based on its implementation, would lead to crucial international aid that would bail Lebanon out of its economic and financial misery.

President Emmanuel Macron gave parties a deadline to form a government. It was missed, however, and has been extended until Tuesday.

Aoun proposed cancelling the sectarian distribution of key ministries, not allocating them to specific sects but making them available to all sects, and making the ability to accomplish and not sectarian affiliation as the criterion for choosing ministers.

Activists criticized Aoun’s statement on social media. Majd Harb, the son of former MP Boutros Harb, said Lebanon had been “in hell” since Oct. 31, 2016, the date of Aoun’s election as president.

Adib went to the presidential palace on Monday. He said in a statement: “Lebanon does not have the luxury of wasting time amid the unprecedented financial, monetary, economic, social and health crises it is going through.”

He reminded all political parties of their pledge “to support the government, which has a definite program,” and urged everyone “to work for the success of the French initiative immediately and without delay, which clears the way to rescue Lebanon and stop the rapid deterioration.”

Lebanon is facing a shortage of foreign currency reserves that threatens to stop the subsidy of basic materials in the country, such as fuel, wheat and medicine, within two months.

The devastating August explosion exacerbated the country’s many crises, including the coronavirus outbreak.

The total number of people infected since the detection of the disease in Lebanon on Feb. 21 is around 30,000. The death toll is around 300.

The government committee tasked with managing the pandemic and putting preventive measures in place met on Monday following the increase in infections.

It recommended the closure of towns with a spike in cases and the “strictness in punishing individuals who do not wear masks and institutions that do not comply with the preventive conditions imposed.”

The health minister’s proposal to lock down Lebanon for two weeks faced objections from the caretaker government, trade unions and stakeholders.

Dr. Abdul Rahman Bizri, an infectious disease specialist and member of the emergency committee on coronavirus, said that the virus would remain “for no less than a year, and our life cannot be postponed for a year, and we must coexist with it.”


Turkey irked over joint declaration by Cyprus, Greece and Egypt

Updated 23 October 2020

Turkey irked over joint declaration by Cyprus, Greece and Egypt

  • The joint statement also asked Turkey to accept Cyprus’ invitation to enter negotiations for an agreement on maritime delimitations

ISTANBUL: Turkey’s Foreign Ministry on Thursday slammed a joint statement by Greece, Cyprus and Egypt that condemns Turkish energy exploration in the eastern Mediterranean and numerous “provocations” that they maintain are threatening regional peace.
The Foreign Ministry said in a statement that it “fully rejected the declaration containing baseless accusations and allegations.”
During a trilateral regional summit on Wednesday in Nicosia, Cypriot President Nicos Anastasiades, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi and Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis urged Ankara to end its “aggressive” actions.
The joint statement also asked Turkey to accept Cyprus’ invitation to enter negotiations for an agreement on maritime delimitations. Greece and Cyprus have signed maritime border agreements with Egypt while dismissing a similar deal that Ankara signed with Libya’s Tripoli-based government as “legally invalid.”
The Turkish Foreign Ministry said the declaration attacked Ankara rather than supporting peace and stability in the region. It repeated Turkey’s position that cooperation could only take place with the inclusion of Turkish Cypriots in governing and sharing the resources of the ethnically divided island nation.
“We will continue with determination to protect our rights and the rights of Turkish Cypriots in the eastern Mediterranean,” the ministry statement said.
The trilateral summit took place amid high tensions between nominal NATO allies Greece and Turkey over maritime borders and energy rights.
In late summer, Turkey dispatched a research vessel escorted by warships to conduct seismic research in a part of the Mediterranean Sea that Greece claims as its territory, which prompted the Greek government to deploy its own warships.
Turkey pulled the research ship back to shore for several weeks for maintenance and to allow time for diplomacy but redeployed the Oruc Reis on a new energy exploration mission. A maritime announcement by Turkey says the Oruc Reis and two other ships would continue working in the area until Oct. 27.
Turkey also has had ships prospecting for oil and gas reserves in waters that Cyprus claims as its exclusive economic zone.