Saudi Arabia ready to launch vaccine campaign

Saudi Arabia ready to launch vaccine campaign
In this file photo illustration taken on November 23, 2020, shows a syringe and a bottle reading "Covid-19 Vaccine" next to the Pfizer company logo. (AFP)
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Updated 12 December 2020

Saudi Arabia ready to launch vaccine campaign

Saudi Arabia ready to launch vaccine campaign
  • First phase of immunization campaign will continue until March, ministry says

JEDDAH: Saudi residents can look forward to free, optional coronavirus vaccination set to start before the end of the year following the Kingdom’s approval of the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine this week.

Dr. Hani Jokhdar, Saudi deputy minister for public health, said that inoculations with the vaccine will begin before the end of the year, with the first supplies due to arrive in the Kingdom within days.
Appearing on the Saudi news channel Al-Ekhbariya, Dr. Mazen Hassanain, managing director of the SaudiVax pharmaceuticals company, said that vaccines will be optional for the public.
The Health Ministry said that the first phase of the immunization campaign, due to start before the end of the year, will continue until March.
Priority will be given to those above the age of 65, healthcare workers, the obese, individuals on auto-immune suppressants or suffering from auto-immune diseases, and those with chronic illnesses.
The second phase will run from March until June, and will include those above the age of 50 and those suffering from asthma, diabetes, chronic heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or cancer.

FASTFACTS

• People above the age of 65, healthcare workers, the obese, individuals on auto-immune suppressants or suffering from auto-immune diseases, and those with chronic illnesses will receive priority during the COVID-19 vaccination drive.

• The Health Ministry said the COVID-19 vaccine will be free for all residents from next September in designated centers.

Teachers and educators will be included in the inoculation phase starting July, while private and government sector workers will be given the vaccine from next September.
The ministry said that the COVID-19 vaccine will be free for all residents from next September in designated centers. Saudi Arabia recorded 168 new coronavirus cases on Friday, raising the total to 359,583.
Five regions recorded numbers in single digits. The Riyadh region recorded 45 cases, followed by Makkah with 35 and the Eastern Province with 27.
The number of active cases fell to 3,452 yesterday, with 526 in critical care.
A further 236 recoveries brought the total to 350,108, with the Kingdom’s recovery rate holding steady at 97.3 percent.
Eleven people died due to complications from the infection, raising the overall death toll to 6,023.
A total of 41,267 polymerase chain reaction tests were carried out in the past 24 hours, raising the total to 10.3 million.


Overdue business rents waived by Saudi court

Overdue business rents waived by Saudi court
If a contract obliges one of the parties to carry out a task, which cannot be completed on time due to the pandemic, the court can temporarily suspend the implementation of the obligation. (SPA)
Updated 19 January 2021

Overdue business rents waived by Saudi court

Overdue business rents waived by Saudi court
  • The new regulations cover construction contracts, supply contracts, and the like, which have been affected by the pandemic

RIYADH: The General Assembly of the Saudi Supreme Court has ordered the waiving of overdue rents on businesses hit by the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, and called for a review of such contracts between tenants and owners.

The steps have been taken in view of the circumstances caused by the pandemic, wherein an obligation or contract cannot be implemented without unusual losses.

The president of the Supreme Court, Khalid bin Abdullah bin Muhammad Al-Luhaidan, approved the decisions backed by 32 members of the assembly, Okaz newspaper reported.

Authorities have set conditions that have to be met before a case can be considered for review under the new regulations.

If a contract was concluded before the commencement of the preventive measures announced in the wake of the pandemic, then the impact was direct and unavoidable. If in such a case, an affected party was not compensated or did not reach a deal to mitigate the impact of the health crisis, then it qualifies for a review and the new regulations will then take effect, said legal sources.

The Supreme Court said a competent court will issue its verdict based on facts and circumstantial evidence, and may order amendments to a contract.

It also said the new provisions will be applicable to tenancy contracts and movable properties affected by the pandemic.

It clarified that if, due to the pandemic, a tenant was unable to use the leased property, in whole or in part, the court would reduce the rent as much as the usually intended benefit was reduced.

A lessor, meanwhile, does not have the right to terminate the contract if a tenant is late in paying rent for the period during which it was impossible to fully or partly use the property due to the pandemic.

HIGHLIGHT

The Supreme Court said a competent court will issue its verdict based on facts and circumstantial evidence, and may order amendments to a contract.

The new regulations also cover construction contracts, supply contracts, and the like, which have been affected by the pandemic.

If the pandemic causes an increase to the cost of materials and labor wages, etc., the court shall increase the value of the contract while ensuring the obligor can afford to bear the expense. The obligee, upon increasing the obligation, has the right to request the termination of the contract. If the increase in the cost of materials is temporary, the court reserves the right to temporarily suspend the contract.

If the pandemic causes a shortage of material in the market, the court can reduce the quantity to the extent it deems sufficient to protect the obligor from harm.

Moreover, if the shortage of materials is temporary, the court can temporarily suspend the contract if the person obligated to it is not severely affected by this suspension. If he is harmed, he may request termination of the contract. If the materials were not available at all, leading to the impossibility of implementing the contractual obligations or some of them, the court will terminate the clauses that are impossible to implement upon the request of one of the parties to the contract.

If a contract obliges one of the parties to carry out a task, which cannot be completed on time due to the pandemic, the court can temporarily suspend the implementation of the obligation. If the other party fears unusual damage due to the suspension, he may request termination of the contract.

In addition, the court also stressed the need to carefully assess the damages on a case-to-case basis, and that one or more experts should do the assessment. While assessing damages, it should be made clear what losses were incurred directly due to the pandemic and had nothing do to with seasonal upswing in certain activities.

The Supreme Court explained that a court is bound, when considering cases arising from contracts and obligations affected by the pandemic, not to apply penalty clause or fines in whole or in part — depending on the case.

In the event that a contract includes a clause of exemption from liability for one of the contracting parties when an emergency or force majeure occurs, the condition has no effect, and the party that breaches the obligation must provide evidence that the pandemic was the reason for the breach.

The affected contracts that are not covered by the provisions of this principle shall be subject to the legal and statutory litigation principles, said the court.

Commenting on the decision, Talal Albotty, the regional director of the Central Region, Salama Insurance Co., said there is a type of insurance called “suspension of operations” because of continuous epidemics, and falls under property insurance.

“This type of insurance can be found in European countries and some Asian countries but it is not applicable in Saudi Arabia,” he told Arab News. “The insurance against projects does not exist because when the project stops, insurance stops.”

Regarding the rise in prices of commodities, or the increase in prices because of pandemics and suspension of imports, a condition must be added stating that the value of property or project must increase by 10-25 percent, he added.

“Now most reinsurance companies around the world stopped offering insurance related to pandemics and contagious diseases in most countries, including COVID-19, because their impact was huge and the companies sustained huge losses,” he said.

Saudi lawyer Reem Alajmi said the resolution aims to treat and remedy the losses incurred by parties to the contract in terms of obligations.

“The parties could not fulfil their obligations because of a lack of sufficient resources or suspension of working hours during the pandemic. Fulfilling the obligation fully or partially was difficult because COVID-19 pandemic was a force majeure,” she told Arab News.

According to Alajmi, the effects or damage caused by the pandemic must not be covered by other laws. “Proving the occurrence of damage is the responsibility of the plaintiff and the defendant based on evidence submitted to the court,” she added. “The contracts and obligations are amended accordingly.”