Egyptians march on Tahrir Square to mark one year since clashes

Updated 20 November 2012

Egyptians march on Tahrir Square to mark one year since clashes

CAIRO: Hundreds marched on Cairo’s Tahrir Square yesterday to mark one year since deadly clashes that left 45 people dead, piling pressure on President Muhammad Mursi to bring his predecessor’s police to account.
Around 50 political parties and movements took part in the commemoration, furious that a year after the clashes on Mohammed Mahmud street, no police officers have been held accountable for the deaths.
On a street branching off from the square, protesters and police lobbed stones at each other but there were no reports of casualties, a security official said.
Many carried flags with pictures of protesters who died in last year’s clashes as the chanting crowd demanded that those responsible be brought to justice.
“Whether there will be justice for victims of the Mohammad Mahmud protest, named after the street where it began, is a key test of President Muhammad Mursi’s commitment to police accountability and comprehensive security sector reform,” Human Rights Watch said in a statement.
Activists are staging a series of events over the week to mark last year’s clashes that lasted five days — including yesterday’s march on Tahrir.
“Since January 2011, the police have been literally getting away with murder, again and again,” said Nadim Houry, deputy Middle East director at Human Rights Watch.
“President Mursi should use the anniversary of the Mohammad Mahmud protest to end this impunity and begin a comprehensive process of police reform to deter further abuse,” Houry said.

Confrontations between protesters and security forces raged for five days in November 2011 on Mohammad Mahmud Street, near Cairo’s Tahrir Square — the epicenter of protests that toppled Hosni Mubarak months earlier.
Human Rights Watch says it documented how “police shot live ammunition, rubber bullets, and pellets into the crowd, and fired excessive amounts of teargas into spaces between buildings where protesters were positioned.” Only one police officer was referred to trial, on charges of attempted murder. The trial is ongoing.
He became known as the “eye sniper” after a video circulating online showed him shooting at protesters and being praised by a fellow officer for getting the protester “in the eye.” “All police officers responsible for killing, blinding, injuring, and torturing protesters at Mohammad Mahmoud need to be prosecuted and punished if Egypt is serious about deterring these abusive practices,” Houry said.
“It’s equally important to carry out a fundamental reform of regulations and practices on security force use of lethal and non-lethal weapons and on how they should police demonstrations in line with human rights standards,” he said.

Macron slams Turkey’s aggression in Syria as ‘madness’, bewails NATO inaction

Updated 45 min 13 sec ago

Macron slams Turkey’s aggression in Syria as ‘madness’, bewails NATO inaction

  • EU Council President Donald Tusk said the halt of Turkish hostilities as demanded by the US is not a genuine cease-fire
  • He calls on Ankara to immediately stop military operations,

BRUSSELS/ANKARA: Macron critizes Turkey's aggression in Syria as "madness', bewails NATO inaction

France’s President Emmanuel Macron has bemoaned Turkey’s offensive into northern Syria as “madness” and decried NATO’s inability to react to the assault as a “serious mistake.”

“It weakens our credibility in finding partners on the ground who will be by our side and who think they will be protected in the long term. So that raises questions about how NATO functions.”

EU Council President Donald Tusk said the halt of Turkish hostilities is not a genuine cease-fire and called on Ankara to immediately stop military operations in Syria.

Dareen Khalifa, a senior Syria analyst at the International Crisis Group, said the cease-fire had unclear goals. 

There was no mention of the scope of the area that would be under Turkish control and, despite US Vice President Mike Pence referring to a 20-mile zone, the length of the zone remains ambiguous, she said.

Selim Sazak, a doctoral researcher at Brown University, believed the agreement would be implemented and the YPG would withdraw.

“The agency of the YPG is fairly limited. If the deal collapses because of the YPG, it’s actually all the better for Ankara,” he told Arab News. “What Ankara originally wanted was to take all of the belt into its control and eliminate as many of the YPG forces as possible. Instead, the YPG is withdrawing with a portion of its forces and its territory intact. Had the deal collapsed because of the YPG, Ankara would have reason to push forward, this time with much more legitimacy.”