Madinah prepares for KSA’s 87th National Day

Saudi Arabia’s rich heritage will be the focus of the National Day celebrations in Madinah. (SPA)
Updated 22 September 2017

Madinah prepares for KSA’s 87th National Day

MADINAH: The color green covered the city of Madinah in preparation for the Kingdom’s 87th National Day.
Public gardens were cleaned and readied to receive Saudis celebrating this great day.
Some governmental buildings, roads, streets, trees, bridges and even tunnels were decorated with green flags and lights. The story of delivering the city of Madinah to the founder, King Abdul Aziz bin Abdulrahman, is also in the spotlight.
On the occasion of the 87th Saudi National Day, which is celebrated everywhere in the Kingdom, a scholar specialized in Islamic history, Fouad Al-Maghamisi, told Arab News how Madinah was peacefully delivered to the founder king.
Months after the siege of Madinah had passed with only a few small clashes, some people began calling for negotiations and reconciliation. The leaders of the city gathered to find a solution to the crisis with the Saudis.
Some conditions were imposed. One of the most important was to negotiate with King Abdul Aziz and deliver the city of Madinah safe and ready, to one of his sons. They decided to let one of the city’s traders, Mustafa Abdulaal, a neutral man who had relations with traders from Qasim, carry out the mission. Abdulaal secretly left Madinah, and headed to King Abdul Aziz’s camp in Bahrah.
The conditions of Al-Sharif Shehat for delivering Madinah to King Abdul Aziz were to guarantee the safety of its residents; that they wouldn’t be punished for the clashes that had happened; and that Madinah would be delivered to one of the sons of King Abdul Aziz.
King Abdul Aziz accepted the conditions and gave an order to his son Prince Mohammed to head to Madinah with the messenger Abdulaal. Thus, Prince Mohammed arrived in Madinah on November 9, 1925, accompanied by his father’s household and 200 men.
Despite a last-minute hesitation, the leaders of Madinah gathered and decided to deliver the leadership of Madinah to Prince Mohammed. The leader Abdul Majid Pasha mandated one of his officers to speak with one of the Saudi force leaders and ask him to deliver an important message to Prince Mohammed.
However, Abdul Majid Pasha surprised everyone by showing up to see the prince personally and discuss the conditions. They decided to deliver Madinah to the prince the following morning. Everyone waited and longed for the new era of Prince Mohammed, the first prince of Madinah city.
Al-Maghamisi noted that, since that day, Madinah has become a modern city that advocates for development in all fields. The first step the prince took was to expand the Prophet’s Mosque, but the work of maintenance and rehabilitation was not finished until after he died. The expansion work was supervised by King Saud bin Abdul Aziz.
As for the administrative field, King Abdul Aziz appointed an advisory board and inspection commissions that had a big role in developing and regulating Madinah’s affairs back then.
Madinah has developed much since then and continues to witness many new developments — the construction of roads, serving pilgrims, establishment of the Madinah airport. The population has also grown in the city that became a main attraction for people seeking jobs, education and other services.
Madinah continued to be, in the ensuing years, an economically booming city with development projects continuing until the present, under the reign of King Salman.


Organization of Islamic Cooperation to adopt Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam

Updated 28 February 2020

Organization of Islamic Cooperation to adopt Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam

  • OIC secretary-general notes that the organization continues to condemn the ideological rhetoric adopted by terrorist groups

JEDDAH: Secretary-General of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) Dr. Yousef bin Ahmad Al-Othaimeen announced on Wednesday that the OIC will adopt the Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam (CDHRI) after it is revised in accordance with international human-rights standards. The foreign ministers of the OIC member states are expected to approve the CDHRI at their meeting in Niamey, Niger in April.

 Al-Othaimeen was speaking at the 43rd session of the United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC), held in Geneva on Wednesday, where he highlighted some of the efforts the OIC has made to fight racism and xenophobia — including Islamophobia — claiming that they are the result of “intellectual and political resistance to cultural pluralism.”

He said the OIC, in cooperation with its partners, has prepared “a comprehensive and consensual approach to address incitement to hatred, discrimination and violence on the basis of religion.”

Al-Othaimeen’s speech, which was delivered on his behalf by OIC Geneva Permanent Representative Nassima Baghli, stressed that terrorism, including religious extremism, is a major source of concern for the international community. He pointed out that the OIC continues to condemn the ideological rhetoric adopted by terrorist groups and has established the Sawt Al-Hikma (Voice of Wisdom) Center, which focuses on addressing the ideological rhetoric of extremists.

His speech also reviewed the most common human-rights violations suffered by Muslims, referring to the detailed documentation from the UN’s own human rights bodies and the OIC of discrimination and violence against the Rohingya Muslims.

Al-Othaimeen explained that America’s actions in Palestine in recent months required the OIC to stress that any peace initiative between Israel and Palestine must be consistent with legitimate rights, foremost among which is the right to self-determination.

He also stressed the OIC’s support for Kashmiris in their pursuit of their legitimate right to self-determination in accordance with international resolutions and highlighted the OIC’s condemnation of Armenia’s continued occupation of Nagorno-Karabakh and seven regions bordering Azerbaijan.