India to investigate death of schoolgirl by starvation

An Indian visitor gives a finger impression to withdraw money from his bank account with his Aadhaar card. (File photo by AFP)
Updated 17 October 2017

India to investigate death of schoolgirl by starvation

NEW DELHI: India ordered an investigation Tuesday into whether the death of a young girl was caused by a government error that saw her family denied food rations.
The girl’s mother and social welfare activists said the 11-year-old from Jharkhand state died of starvation last month after officials refused to give the family food because their personal documentation was not in order.
More than 360 million Indians — nearly one-third of its 1.25 billion people — live below the poverty line and are entitled to access food rations under government schemes.
Jharkhand chief minister Raghubar Das said he was deeply pained by the girl’s death and ordered an immediate enquiry into the incident.
“Strict action will be taken if anyone is found guilty,” he posted on social media, as public outrage grew over the tragedy.
The family held a ration card for low-income families and a unique ID connected to a government biometric program, according to the girl’s mother Koyli Devi.
But she said officials insisted the two IDs needed to be linked before she could receive the handouts, citing a government order to that effect.
Activists have accused the government officials of breaching a Supreme Court ruling that all low-income Indians were entitled to rations with or without the government biometric “Aadhaar” card.
“The government is trying to shift blame, but the fact is the family was forced to eat leaves as they had no food at all for days,” said Balram, a local activist who goes by one name.
“The autopsy (done on the girl) also shows she died of starvation. The mother is severely malnourished herself and is hospitalized,” he told AFP.
Devi, the girl’s illiterate mother, said nobody in her family had eaten for days and the young girl simply could not go on.
“She used to get a free midday meal in school, but since it was also closed for (the Durga Puja) festival, she missed out on that too,” Devi told local broadcaster NDTV.
Launched in 2009, the Aadhaar program aimed to provide identity cards to millions of poor people and enable them to access benefits directly without intermediaries taking an unlawful cut.
But opponents said the government’s push to make the card compulsory threatens to violate citizens’ right to privacy and the scheme has been challenged in India’s highest court.

Why India coronavirus cases are rising to multiple peaks

Updated 1 min 11 sec ago

Why India coronavirus cases are rising to multiple peaks

  • India has tallied 793,802 infections and more than 21,600 deaths, with cases doubling every three weeks

NEW DELHI: In just three weeks, India went from the world’s sixth worst-affected country by the coronavirus to the third, according to a tally by Johns Hopkins University. India’s fragile health system was bolstered during a stringent monthslong lockdown but could still be overwhelmed by an exponential rise in infections.
Here is where India stands in its battle against the virus:

Steady climb, multiple peaks
India has tallied 793,802 infections and more than 21,600 deaths, with cases doubling every three weeks. It’s testing more than 250,000 samples daily after months of sluggishness, but experts say this is insufficient for a country of nearly 1.4 billion people.
“This whole thing about the ‘peak’ is a false bogey because we won’t have one peak in India, but a series of peaks,” said Dr. Anant Bhan, a bioethics and global health researcher. He pointed out that the capital of New Delhi and India’s financial capital, Mumbai, had already seen surges, while infections had now begun spreading to smaller cities as governments eased restrictions. The actual toll would be unknown, he said, unless India made testing more accessible.

John Hopkins University graphic

Dubious data
The Health Ministry said Thursday that India was doing “relatively well” managing COVID-19, pointing to 13 deaths per 1 million people, compared to about 400 in the United States and 320 in Brazil. But knowing the actual toll in India is “absolutely impossible” because there is no reporting mechanism in most places for any kind of death, said Dr. Jayaprakash Muliyil, an epidemiologist at the Christian Medical College in Vellore who has been advising the government.
Official data shows 43% of the people who have died from the coronavirus were between the ages of 30 and 60, but research globally indicates that the disease is particularly fatal to the elderly, suggesting to Muliyil that many virus deaths among older Indians “don’t get picked up” or counted in the virus fatality numbers.

“No central coordination”
In India, public health is managed at a state level, and some have managed better than others. The southern state of Kerala, where India’s first three virus cases were reported, has been held up as a model. It isolated patients early, traced and quarantined contacts and tested aggressively. By contrast, Delhi, the state that includes the national capital, has been sharply criticized for failing to anticipate a surge of cases in recent weeks as lockdown measures eased. Patients have died after being turned away from COVID-designated hospitals that said they were at capacity. It led the Home Ministry to intervene and allocate 500 railway cars as makeshift hospital wards.
But as the capital rushes to conjure new beds, officials admit that they’re worried about the lack of trained and experienced health care workers. According to Jishnu Das, a professor of economics at Georgetown University, there is “no central coordination” to move health care staff from one state to another, exposing India’s relative inability to use data to guide policy decisions.
“The one big thing that we’re learning from this pandemic is it takes any cracks in our systems and it drives a chisel to them. So, it’s no longer a crack, it’s a huge chasm,” Das said.

India’s role in global fight
India has seven vaccines in various stages of clinical trial, including one by Bharat Biotech that the Indian Council on Medical Research pledged would have results from human trials by Aug. 15, the country’s Independence Day. The top medical research body quickly backtracked, but regardless of whether India comes out on top in the global race for a vaccine, the country will play a critical role in the world’s inoculation against COVID-19.
The Serum Institute of India in the central Indian city of Pune is the world’s largest vaccine manufacturer. India makes about 1,000 ventilators and 600,000 personal protective equipment kits per day, according to government think-tank Niti Aayog, making it the second largest kit maker in the world after China.

The economic curve
Although Indian airspace remains closed to commercial airlines from abroad, India’s economy has largely reopened. Consumer activity has rebounded to pre-pandemic levels, government data showed, and factory workers who fled cities when India imposed its lockdown March 24 have begun to return, enticed, in some cases, by employers offering free room and board.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi has used the health crisis along with a military standoff with China over a disputed border region to rally the country around the idea of a “self-reliant India” whose home-grown industries will emerge stronger. Approval ratings that US pollster Morning Consult estimate at 82% suggest many Indians are with him, even after the hasty lockdown triggered a humanitarian crisis, with thousands of migrant workers fleeing on foot toward their natal villages, and as two top government scientists on the front lines of the coronavirus fight stepping down in recent weeks. With the coronavirus nowhere near abating in India, how Modi will fare as the toll of infections and deaths continues to rise is still unclear.