Lebanon’s credit ratings show reform urgency

Beirut is struggling to deal with waste and corruption in its public finances. (Reuters)
Updated 25 August 2019

Lebanon’s credit ratings show reform urgency

  • Fitch warns Beirut needs major capital inflows to fund twin budget and current account deficits

BEIRUT: Lebanon is committed to economic reforms and will overcome its crisis, the finance minister said after Fitch downgraded the country’s credit rating to CCC while S&P kept it
at B-/B. Minister Ali Hassan Khalil said the ratings reports showed the urgency for reform, which the government has long put off. “There should be no slacking for a single moment,” he told Reuters. Lebanon is grappling with one of the world’s heaviest public debt burdens at 150 percent of GDP and years of low economic growth. Government finances, riddled with corruption and waste, are strained by a bloated public sector, debt-servicing costs and subsidizing the state-power producer.
Lebanese leaders have warned of financial crisis without changes. The impetus to enact reforms has grown with the slowdown of deposits into its banking sector, a critical source of finance for the state.
The government is now trying to put public finances on a more sustainable path with a deficit cut in the 2019 budget and a plan to fix the state-run power sector, which bleeds funds while inflicting daily power cuts on Lebanese. Fitch said its downgrade of the country’s credit rating to CCC from B- reflected “intensifying pressure on Lebanon’s financing model and increasing risks to the government’s debt servicing capacity.” Lebanon requires substantial capital inflows to fund its large twin budget and current account deficits, it added.
“We will deal responsibly with the reports,” Khalil said. “We are confident we will be able to get out of the crisis.”
S&P Global affirmed Lebanon’s credit rating at B-/B and said the outlook remains negative. It considers Lebanon’s foreign exchange reserves sufficient to service government debt in the “near term.”
The report said it expects Lebanon to make progress on reforms to improve investor confidence given the weakness of foreign currency inflows. However it said it too could lower its rating in the coming 6 to 12 months if banks deposits and central bank foreign exchange reserves continue to fall.

FASTFACT

150% - Lebanon has one of the world’s heaviest public debt burdens at 150 percent of GDP

“Continued weakness in foreign currency inflows and the use of (the central bank’s foreign exchange) reserves to meet government debt-service could test the country’s ability to maintain the currency peg,” the report said. The Lebanese pound is pegged to the dollar. Moody’s downgraded Lebanon’s rating to Caa1 in January.
Markets have been pricing in the risk of a sovereign credit rating downgrade in recent days.
The latest downgrade would have no “material impact” on investor holdings of Lebanon’s bonds as the debt was already rated non-investment grade, said Jan Dehn, head of research at emerging markets investment manager Ashmore Group. “The government has done more on the reform side than many Lebanese governments in the past.”
Economists have questioned whether the government’s efforts were enough to meet its goals. The IMF said last month the deficit would likely be well above the government’s target of 7.6 percent of national output. In 2018, it was over 11 percent.
Nassib Ghobril, chief economist at Byblos Bank, said the current situation should be a “wake-up call” for politicians to form a credible plan that would result in an investment grade rating.
Ghobril said cutting the deficit was a good step, but the government must do more to trim expenditures instead of “the easy way out” by raising taxes and fees. “They have to restructure the public sector; they have to fight tax and customs evasion, not in words but in actions.”


Japanese officials cautious on prospects for US trade deal

Updated 17 September 2019

Japanese officials cautious on prospects for US trade deal

  • A long-sought trade pact with Japan was scrapped when Donald Trump withdrew the US from a pan-Pacific trade agreement shortly after taking office in 2017
  • Trump said he preferred that Washington and Tokyo strike a bilateral deal

TOKYO: Officials in Japan appeared wary over the prospects for a trade deal with the US after President Donald Trump said he was prepared to sign a pact soon.
Japan’s chief government spokesman, Yoshihide Suga, said Tuesday that the two sides are still finalizing details after reaching a basic agreement in late August on trade in farm products, digital trade and other industries.
Suga said Trump and Prime Minister Shinzo Abe are considering signing a deal in late September when they attend the UN General Assembly in New York.
“We are accelerating the work that still remains,” he said. “But I decline to comment further because we have not reached a formal agreement.”
Trump’s notice to Congress, released by the White House on Monday, did not mention tariffs on autos and parts, long a sticking point between the two countries.
It said his administration was looking forward to collaborating with lawmakers on a deal that would result in “more fair and reciprocal trade” between the two countries.
Toshimitsu Motegi, who became foreign minister last week after negotiating the deal as economy minister, said Japan must watch carefully to prevent Washington from forcing any last-minute changes, Kyodo News agency reported.
The agricultural minister, Taku Eto, cautioned against letting down Tokyo’s guard until the final agreement is reached, it said.
A long-sought trade agreement with Japan was scrapped when Trump withdrew the US from a pan-Pacific trade agreement shortly after taking office in 2017.
Japan and the other 10 remaining members of the trade pact, the Trans-Pacific Partnership, then renegotiated their own deal without the US
Trump said he preferred that Washington and Tokyo strike a bilateral deal.
That resurrected the longtime issue of tariffs on Japanese car and auto parts exports to the US and of stiffer duties on US exports of farm and other products to Japan.