Saudi Shoura Council speaker pledges to increase Hajj quota for Sri Lankans

Saudi Shoura Council Speaker Dr. Abdullah Al-Asheikh with Sri Lanka’s Parliament Speaker Karu Jayasuriya on Monday. (AN photo)
Updated 10 September 2019

Saudi Shoura Council speaker pledges to increase Hajj quota for Sri Lankans

  • Al-Asheikh promises to address issues faced by expatriates in KSA

The speaker of the Saudi Shoura Council, Dr. Abdullah Al-Asheikh, said on Monday that he would look into resolving issues faced by Sri Lankans in Saudi Arabia and the possibility of increasing the Hajj quota for the island nation in the near future.

Al-Asheikh is leading a delegation to Sri Lanka on a three-day official visit, on the invitation of the speaker of the Sri Lankan Parliament, Karu Jayasuriya.

On Monday, he held talks with Jayasuriya and other members of the Parliament, where he was apprised of issues faced by the 200,000 Sri Lankans residing and working in various sectors of the Kingdom.

COLOMBO: Among those present during the meeting were the former Hajj Minister and Deputy Minister A.H.M. Fowzie, and parliamentarian Mujibur Rahman. 

The Saudi delegation was represented by Lina Almaeena, Dr. Osama Al-Rabiah, Dr. Fathima Al-Shehri and Atta Al-Turki.

Every year, around 4,000 pilgrims travel to the Kingdom for Hajj, while more than 40,000 pilgrims visit Makkah and Madinah for Umrah through the year.

Al-Asheikh hailed Saudi-Sri Lankan bilateral relations, which he said were growing stronger based on cooperation and friendship under the two countries’ leaderships. He extended an invitation to Jayasuriya and other legislators to visit the Saudi Shoura Council’s headquarters in Riyadh.

He also suggested that economic cooperation between the two countries could be developed through the trade sector and mutual investments.


Al-Asheikh hailed Saudi-Sri Lankan bilateral relations.

The Shoura Council speaker extended an invitation to Sri Lankan legislators to visit Riyadh.

Al-Asheikh stressed the need to strengthen ties between the two nations.

Jayasuriya said he was delighted to host the Saudi delegation for the visit, which would enhance the existing ties between the two nations.

Speaking to Arab News, legislator Rahman said that the visit could pave way for extended areas of cooperation between the two countries.

“Such dialogues between the members of the legislative and consultative houses will help us to understand the respective systems, cultures and parliamentary practices,” Rahman added.

Hailing the decisions taken during the talks on Monday, Fowzie told Arab News that he was happy that Al-Asheikh had pledged to look into increasing the Hajj quota.

“This year, we were given an increase of 500 pilgrims to reach a total of 4,000 Hajj pilgrims,” Fowzie said.

Al-Asheikh arrived in Colombo on Sunday. According to the Saudi ambassador to Sri Lanka, Nasseer Al-Harthy, the purpose of the trip is to strengthen parliamentary and bilateral relations in all sectors. Al-Asheikh pointed out that the Kingdom and Sri Lanka shared a similar goal in combating terrorism, which was not related to religion or race.

On Sunday, the Saudi Shoura Council speaker also met former Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa.

Saudi pursuit of ‘green Kingdom’ goal gets a boost

Updated 18 November 2019

Saudi pursuit of ‘green Kingdom’ goal gets a boost

  • Agreement between agriculture ministry and Dubai's ICBA aimed at conserving natural resources
  • Kingdom's biosaline agriculture research and systems stands to benefit from ICBA's expertise

DUBAI: Agricultural development and environmental sustainability in Saudi Arabia will receive a boost in the coming years, thanks to a new agreement between the International Center for Biosaline Agriculture (ICBA) in Dubai and the Saudi Ministry of Environment, Water and Agriculture.

The agreement aims to enable Saudi Arabia to achieve its goal of preservation and sustainable management of its natural resources by raising the quality of biosaline agriculture research and systems.

The ministry says that the agreement will make use of the ICBA’s expertise in capacity development besides agricultural and environmental research, especially in the fields of vegetation development, combating desertification and climate change adaptation.

“It also includes training programs for Saudi technicians and farmers,” the ministry said. “In addition, it will localize, implement and develop biosaline agriculture research and production systems for both crops and forestation, which contributes to environmental and agricultural integration.”

Dr. Ismahane Elouafi, the ICBA’s director general, told Arab News: “The agreement had been in the making for about two years. That was when we were approached by the Saudi government.”

Dr. Ismahane Elouafi, ICBA Director General, at the center's Quinoa fields in Dubai. (Supplied photo)

She said: “We put forward a proposal to demonstrate how the ICBA can help the Saudi government to implement its Green Kingdom Initiative, through which the ministry is trying to restore green coverage in the country and revive old conservation practices.”

Geographical features and climatic conditions very greatly from one part of the country to the other.

In the past, experimentation with such crops as potatoes, wheat and alfalfa proved detrimental to the Kingdom’s environment and natural resources due to faster rates of groundwater withdrawal.

“The ministry wanted to put a halt to over-abstraction of water, so they went through different policies,” Elouafi said.

“They made sure, for example, that farmers stopped producing wheat because about 2,400 liters of water is consumed to produce 1 kg of wheat. It was a huge amount,” she added.

“The new strategy is to find more appropriate crops for the farming community, which is quite large in the Kingdom.”

Saudi Arabia has been trying to grow its own food on a large scale since the 1980s. 

The objective of the Green Kingdom Initiative is to reduce the agricultural sector’s water demand by finding alternatives to thirsty crops.

The agreement will require the ICBA, over the next five years, to build for Saudi Arabia a new biosaline agriculture sector. 

As part of this shift, cultivation of a number of crops, notably quinoa, pearl millet and sorghum, will be piloted in high-salinity regions and then scaled up.

“The crops did very well in the UAE,” Elouafi said. “We’re looking at Sabkha regions, which have very high salinity and wetlands, and are on the ministry’s environmental agenda.”

Another objective is “smart” agriculture, which will involve raising water productivity, controlling irrigation water consumption and changing farming behavior.

Elouafi said that getting farmers in the Kingdom to stop cultivating wheat took some time as they had become accustomed to heavy government subsidies. In 2015, wheat production was phased out, followed by potatoes a year later and then alfalfa. 

“Farmers were provided everything to the point where they got used to a very good income and a very easy system,” she said.

“Now farmers are being asked to start producing something else, but the income won’t be the same, so it’s very important at this stage that the ministry has a plan and it’s fully understood.”

The agreement envisages preparation of proposals for ministry projects that involve plant production, drought monitoring, development of promising local crop and forestation varieties, and conservation of plant genetic resources.

“We’re also discussing capacity building because the ministry is big and has many entities. Because Saudi Arabia is a large country and has the capacity to meet some of its food requirements internally, what’s required is a better understanding of the country’s natural capabilities in terms of production of the crops it needs, like certain cereals,” Elouafi said.

“The way the authorities are going about it right now is more organized and more holistic. They’re trying to plan it properly.”

Elouafi said that having a better understanding of Saudi Arabia’s water constraints and managing the precious resource is essential.


Although almost the entire country is arid, there is rainfall in the north and along the mountain range to the west, especially in the far southwest, which receives monsoon rains in summer.


Sporadic rain may also occur elsewhere. Sometimes it is very heavy, causing serious flooding, including in Riyadh.

“They (the government) are very interested in drought management systems. The Kingdom has a long history of agriculture,” Elouafi said.

“It has large quantities of water in terms of rainfall, and certain regions have mountainous conditions, which are conducive to agriculture.”

Clearly, preservation of water resources is a priority for the Saudi government. But no less urgent is the task of conversion of green waste to improve soil quality, increase soil productivity and water retention, and reduce demand for irrigation.

The Kingdom is one of at least three Gulf Cooperation Council countries that are taking steps to develop a regulatory framework for the recycling of waste into compost.

Saudi Arabia, the UAE and Oman are respectively aiming to recycle 85 percent, 75 percent and 60 percent of their municipal solid waste over the next decade, according to a report by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) entitled “Global Food Trends to 2030.”

Saudi Arabia and the UAE rank in the bottom quartile of the 34 countries covered by the EIU’s Food Sustainability Index, with low scores for nutrition and food loss and waste. 

The answer, according to many farmers, policymakers and food-industry experts, is a shift toward more sustainable management of each country’s natural resources.