Lebanese blocs agree to ‘government of specialists representing protester movement’

A police officer tries to move protesters back to let cars pass as they demonstrate outside of Lebanon Central Bank in Beirut. (Reuters)
Updated 12 November 2019

Lebanese blocs agree to ‘government of specialists representing protester movement’

  • Anti-corruption legislative session cancelled, security stepped up amid calls for general strike

BEIRUT: Lebanon’s internal security forces have been put on full standby to deal with a possible general strike on Tuesday as news emerged of a political agreement to set up a new “government of specialists.”

Trade unions, students, and activists in the country’s civil movement have called for national industrial action as part of “disobedience week.”

The planned walkouts were the latest move by anti-government protesters to force the setting up of a new government following the resignation 10 days ago of former Prime Minister Saad Hariri.

However, on Monday evening the parliamentary bloc loyal to the Free Patriotic Movement (FPM) and Lebanese President Michel Aoun announced its agreement to “a government of specialists approved by the Parliament and representing the protester movement.”

At the same time, the Future bloc, loyal to Hariri, pledged its support for the former premier’s efforts “to prepare for a transitional phase in which a government of specialists is responsible for restoring confidence.”

Lebanese political leader, Ibrahim Kanaan, said: “There is a need for consultation to reach acceptable solutions on a government that respects the constitution and has a viable project.”

The pro-Aoun bloc, along with its ally Hezbollah, had insisted that FPM chairman Gebran Bassil, a target of the recent demonstrations, remained in the Cabinet, but in a government of specialists there would be no place for him.

The Lebanese Parliament had been due to hold a legislative session on Tuesday to set certain anti-corruption bills, a key demand of demonstrators. But protesters and the Lebanese Judges Association claimed the general amnesty bill would have protected certain people and there were threats on social media to prevent deputies from reaching the Parliament building, causing many to say they would not attend.

After meeting with his parliamentary bloc, Lebanese Parliament Speaker Nabih Berri announced the adjournment of the session to Nov. 19 in order to “maintain security.”

He told media that the protesters’ campaign against the general amnesty law aimed “to keep the political vacuum. Otherwise, how do we explain the rejection of a session, where the majority of its agenda is to discuss popular demands raised by the movement itself, crediting the movement for the inclusion of these projects?”

Berri asked ministers and deputies of his current and former bloc “to lift banking secrecy,” and called for “the necessity to form an inclusive government that does not exclude the movement.”

However, the General Confederation of Lebanese Workers described Tuesday’s planned meeting as “a violation of the constitution and ignoring the protesters’ demands.”

Street protests and sit-ins outside public institutions continued as demonstrations, which have rocked Lebanon, entered their 26th day.

The union representing employees of cellular operators in Lebanon called for “an open strike starting Tuesday” to protest against drastic wage cuts which it claimed had left many workers earning “only 30 percent of their annual income.”

Hezbollah’s secretary-general, Hassan Nasrallah, said: “All the doors are open to reach the country’s best interest.

“No party, leadership, religious or political authority, or sect can protect anyone who is corrupt. This is major growth in the country,” he added.

Arabs reject use of religion to gain power, poll suggests

Updated 23 min 39 sec ago

Arabs reject use of religion to gain power, poll suggests

  • Use of religion for political gain is rejected by 58 percent of respondents in a YouGov poll
  • Experts believe there is now more awareness of the tactics of religion-based political parties

DUBAI: Across the Arab world, an increasing number of citizens disagree with the “use of religion for political gain,” according to a recent YouGov survey.

As part of its partnership with the Arab Strategy Forum, Arab News commissioned a survey of the views and concerns of Arabs today and their projections for the future of the region.

A total of 3,079 Arabic speakers were surveyed, aged 18 and above and living across 18 countries in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA).

Results revealed that 43 percent strongly disagree with the “use of religion for political gain,” while 15 percent “somewhat disagree.” By contrast, 7 percent strongly agree and 8 percent “somewhat agree.”

Another 14 percent “neither agree nor disagree” with the “use of religion for political gain.”

The combined average, however, unambiguously opposes the idea — at 58 percent. “The cases of Lebanon and Iraq shows a streak of anti-sectarianism rather than that of anti-religion per se,” said Dr. Albadr Al-Shateri, politics professor at the National Defense College in Abu Dhabi.

“Religious beliefs are deep-seated in these societies, so the advent of Western-style secularism in the region is doubtful. Even the most secular country in the Middle East, Turkey, turned out to have religious inclinations when it voted in an Islamist party” more than a decade ago. 

As long as people have little trust in political institutions, they will revert to their primary social institutions, notably religion, family and tribe, Al-Shateri told Arab News.

Dr. Abdulkhaleq Abdulla, a former chairman of the Arab Council for Social Sciences, said that the YouGov findings suggest that the days of using religion for political gain are over.

“We are seeing more and more awareness that religion-based political parties are not so genuine in their religious preaching,” he told Arab News.

“People are becoming aware that those who preach freedom, equality, democracy and women’s empowerment using religious discourse are no longer believable.”

Significant numbers disagreed with the statement in Iraq and Kuwait (74 percent), as well as in Lebanon (73 percent), Libya (75 percent), Sudan (79 percent), and Syria and Yemen (71 percent). 

“Ultimately, it’s a question of credibility of politicians,” said Nadim Shehadi, an associate fellow at Chatham House, adding that “the credibility of political establishments is on the decrease globally because they are failing to deliver.”

He said that there is a general sense globally that political establishments are corrupt and not credible, which he partly pins on shifts in generational issues.

“Your grandparents’ concerns were probably more nationalistic,” he told Arab News.

“The generation of your parents were more about religion and, frankly, the new generation is more concerned about gender issues than anything else.

“Nationalism is totally irrelevant to them and religion far less.”

According to Shehadi, exploitation of religion no longer stirs up the young generation as they have different concerns. “They are on a different planet from politicians,” he said.

“Politicians are addressing issues that are very different from what the new generation is concerned with.”

With unrest continuing in several Arab countries, including Iraq and Lebanon, Abdulla sees it as a second round of the so-called Arab Spring, this time gripping Algeria, Sudan, Lebanon and Iraq.

“What is clear is that this second round is much more peaceful, focused and has already delivered a great deal,” he said.

“In Sudan, we have seen a very peaceful transition that was done to the satisfaction of the Sudanese people, and transition to democracy is going smoothly.

“In Algeria, it’s settling down and an election is coming up with some opposing it. But none of these two cases have witnessed the violence that engulfed Libya and Syria.”

That said, the future will depend on how governments and societies respond to the demands of the youth, according to Al-Shateri.

“The region faces many problems. However, the underlying cause is the lack of good governance. The concept of good governance has its provenance in Arab and Islamic traditions; it is not the equivalent of Westminster-style government necessarily.

“It is based on accountability, justice, equality, rule of law, ombudsmanship and the right to petition the government.”

Al-Shateri said Lebanon, Algeria, Iran and Iraq are examples of countries that have failed to provide these conditions, adding that the same was the case in Tunisia, Egypt, Yemen and Syria when the Arab Spring uprisings began in 2011.

If regional countries achieve good governance, Al-Shateri expects many improvements in society, the economy and governance. “Short of that, the region will languish in backwardness, underdevelopment and conflict,” he said.