Trump threatens sanctions on Baghdad after lawmakers call on US troops to leave

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Iraqi lawmakers convened to vote on whether US troop presence in Iraq. (File/Reuters)
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US troops are deployed as part of the broader international coalition, invited by the Iraqi government in 2014 to help fight Daesh. (File/AFP)
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Updated 06 January 2020

Trump threatens sanctions on Baghdad after lawmakers call on US troops to leave

  • Foreign ministry also summoned US ambassador over ‘violation of sovereignty’
  • US-led coalition against Daesh said it halted most operations to focus on protecting coalition forces and bases

BAGHDAD: US President Donald Trump threatened sanctions against Baghdad on Sunday after Iraq’s parliament called on US troops to leave the country, and the president said if troops did leave, Baghdad would have to pay Washington for the cost of the air base there.
“We have a very extraordinarily expensive air base that’s there. It cost billions of dollars to build, long before my time. We’re not leaving unless they pay us back for it,” Trump told reporters on Air Force One.
Trump said that if Iraq asked US forces to leave and it was not done on a friendly basis, “we will charge them sanctions like they’ve never seen before ever. It’ll make Iranian sanctions look somewhat tame.”

Iraq’s parliament on Sunday urged the government to remove thousands of American troops from the country, stepping up pressure over the US killing of a top Iranian general in Baghdad.


US installations were also facing new military stresses, with missiles slamming into the Baghdad enclave where the US embassy is located and an air base north of the capital housing American troops.
Ties have deteriorated after an American precision drone strike on the Baghdad international airport on Friday that killed Iran’s Major General Qassem Soleimani and top Iraqi military figure Abu Mahdi Al-Muhandis.
Iraq’s foreign ministry summoned the US ambassador, while caretaker premier Adel Abdel Mahdi attended an extraordinary parliamentary session to slam the strike as a “political assassination.”
He joined 168 lawmakers — just enough for quorum in Iraq’s 329-seat parliament — to discuss the removal of US troops.
Some 5,200 US soldiers are stationed across Iraqi bases to support local troops preventing a resurgence of Daesh.
They are deployed as part of the broader international coalition, invited by the Iraqi government in 2014 to help fight Daesh.


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“The parliament has voted to commit the Iraqi government to cancel its request to the international coalition for help to fight IS,” speaker Mohammed Halbusi announced, using another acronym for Daesh.
The cabinet would have to approve any decision but the premier had earlier indicated support for a removal.
“We face two main choices,” he told MPs: either immediately voting for foreign troops to leave or revisiting their mandate through a parliamentary process.
Hard-line parliamentarians with ties to the Hashed Al-Shaabi military force, which is close to Iran, had demanded a tougher decision calling for the immediate expulsion of all foreign troops.
No Kurdish and most Sunni MPs boycotted the session as they were more supportive of a US troop presence, seen as a counterweight to Iran.
They had been threatened by Hashed-linked MPs, who said they would be seen as having “betrayed” Iraq if they boycotted.
Tom Warrick, a former US official and current fellow at the Atlantic Council, said Soleimani and pro-Iran factions within the Hashed had long sought the US’s exit.
“If US forces do end up withdrawing, it could grant Soleimani a post-humous victory,” Warrick told AFP.
As the session got under way, the US-led coalition announced it was suspending its Iraq operations due to deadly rocket attacks on their bases.
“This has limited our capacity to conduct training with partners and to support their operations against Daesh and we have therefore paused these activities, subject to continuous review,” it said.
There had been fears of a volley of rocket attacks following a warning from a hard-line Hashed faction for Iraqis to move away from US forces by Sunday afternoon.

Late on Sunday, two rockets hit near the US embassy inside Baghdad’s Green Zone, while a third hit outside the area.
Already, increased tensions prompted NATO to suspend its training activities in Iraq and a US defense official told AFP American-led coalition forces would “limit” operations.
Iraq’s foreign ministry said it had summoned US ambassador Matthew Tueller to condemn American strikes on Iraq.
“They were a blatant violation of Iraqi sovereignty,” the ministry said in a statement, and “contradict the agreed-upon missions of the international coalition.”
The ministry also said it submitted complaints to the United Nations Security Council over the strikes, asking it to condemn Soleimani’s death as an “assassination.”


However, the Donald Trump remained in bullish mood Sunday afternoon, tweeting that the US will quickly strike back, “perhaps in a disproportionate manner,” if Iran strikes any American person or target.

The US strike on Baghdad international airport early Friday killed five Iranian Revolutionary Guards and five members of Iraq’s Hashed Al-Shaabi.
After a procession that made its way across various Iraqi cities on Saturday, the remains of the Iranians, plus those of Muhandis and another Hashed member, were flown to Iran.
DNA testing was required to separate the Iraqis’ remains so they could be properly buried, the Hashed said.
As head of the Quds Force, the Guards’ foreign operations arm, Soleimani oversaw Iran’s wide-ranging interventions in regional power struggles.
In Iraq, protesters taking to the streets since October had blamed him for propping up a government they see as corrupt and inept.
Demonstrations still rocked the capital and south on Sunday, with many protest chants shifting to condemn a possible regional conflict.
Trump claimed Soleimani was planning an “imminent” attack on US personnel in the region and threatened Iran on Saturday with more strikes.
Iran’s supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei promised “severe revenge” for the death of Soleimani, who was mourned by huge crowds in Iran on Sunday.
Comments from both the US and Iran have fanned fears of an uncontrollable escalation as world powers scramble to ease tensions.
The European Union invited Iranian foreign minister Mohammad Javad Zarif to Brussels while Britain urged Iran “do the right thing” by keeping calm.

Iran nuclear deal commission meets to try to save 2015 accord

Updated 26 February 2020

Iran nuclear deal commission meets to try to save 2015 accord

  • Landmark agreement pact has been crumbling since the US withdrew from it in 2018 and reimposed crippling sanctions on Iran
  • Renewed US sanctions have almost entirely isolated Iran from the international financial system

VIENNA: The remaining parties to the faltering Iran nuclear deal will meet in Vienna on Wednesday in their first gathering after Britain, France and Germany launched a dispute process over Tehran’s successive pullbacks.
The meeting comes as the parties try to find a way to save the landmark 2015 agreement, which has been crumbling since the US withdrew from it in 2018 and reimposed crippling sanctions on Iran.
The Europeans hope to persuade Tehran to come back into line with the deal curbing Iran’s nuclear program after Tehran made a series of steps away in protest at the US pull-out.
Wednesday’s meeting at political directors’ level, convening the commission set up by the deal, will be chaired by EU senior official Helga Schmid.
“This is a chance though not of 100 percent to stop escalation before it is too late,” Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov was quoted as saying by the Russian Embassy in Vienna on Twitter.
In its last announcement in early January, Tehran said it would no longer observe limits on the number of centrifuges used to enrich uranium.
It was its fifth step away from the deal since US President Donald Trump’s withdrawal and led to Germany, Britain and France triggering the dispute process on January 14.
The process spells out several steps, the last one of which is notifying the UN Security Council. UN sanctions would then automatically “snap back” after 30 days unless the Security Council voted to stop it.
A diplomat speaking on condition of anonymity said that no time table had been fixed for solving the dispute, adding “we are still far from a result.”
“We all want to save the JCPOA (Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, as the deal is known) so that the inspectors can continue their work in Iran,” the diplomat said, referring to the inspections by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).
The Vienna-based UN nuclear agency has been tasked with monitoring the deal’s implementation and issues regular reports, the latest of which is expected within days.
Western diplomats recognize it is highly unlikely Iran will heed calls to come back into full compliance without substantial concessions in return — such as an end to US sanctions or Europe taking measures to offset their economic impact.
But they hope the use of the dispute process will convince Iran not to make any more moves away from the deal, giving space for back-channel diplomacy aimed at bringing Washington and Tehran back into alignment.
The diplomat said that Iran could also “at least freeze its uranium stocks” as a possible positive outcome of the current discussions.
At a major international security conference in Munich earlier this month, Iran’s Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif said Tehran would be prepared to move back toward the deal if Europe provides “meaningful” economic benefits.
Europe has set up a special trading mechanism called Instex to try to enable legitimate humanitarian trade with Iran, but it has yet to complete any transactions and Tehran regards it as inadequate.
The renewed US sanctions have almost entirely isolated Iran from the international financial system, driven away oil buyers and plunged the country into a severe recession.