AUB’s saga of survival in the limelight as Lebanon battles financial, coronavirus crises

AUB’s saga of survival in the limelight as Lebanon battles financial, coronavirus crises
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The American University of Beirut finds itself at the heart of Lebanon’s financial and public-health catastrophe, as Arab News finds out. (Wikimedia Commons/marviikad)
AUB’s saga of survival in the limelight as Lebanon battles financial, coronavirus crises
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Updated 01 August 2020

AUB’s saga of survival in the limelight as Lebanon battles financial, coronavirus crises

AUB’s saga of survival in the limelight as Lebanon battles financial, coronavirus crises
  • American University of Beirut finds itself at the heart of Lebanon’s financial and public-health catastrophe
  • AUB has survived two world wars, famines, civil strife, epidemics and changing regional maps

LONDON: It is never easy to be emotionally detached as one tries to write about one’s alma mater.

But writing about the American University of Beirut (AUB) is a little more difficult, since I regard it as a second home.

Being one of the Arab world’s oldest universities has not shielded AUB from the effects of Lebanon’s unfolding financial, economic and public-health catastrophe.

The situation it is in makes writing about AUB achingly difficult.

Along with my beloved high school, ISC Choueifat, AUB has been part of my family for many decades.

My father, myself, and all my siblings made the same move from Choueifat to AUB.

Furthermore, the first stroll I took with my future wife (an alumna herself) was inside the beautiful AUB campus.

Whenever I am in Lebanon, my stay would never be complete without a lingering visit to the campus; stopping at the departments of History and Arabic in College Hall, the university’s oldest and most iconic building, or the Political Science department in Jesup Hall.

No breathtaking views can compare with the ones looking down from the hilly, charming Upper Campus of the blue Mediterranean and the Green Field in the Lower Campus. This, really, is home.

W.M. Thomson, the prominent American Protestant missionary and author of “The Land and the Book” (published 1859), proposed to a meeting of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions, on Jan. 23, 1862, that a college of higher learning should be established in Beirut, with Dr. Daniel Bliss as its president.

Thomson, who spent 25 years in Ottoman Syria, also proposed that the college would include medical training.

According to historical documents, on April 24, 1863, while Bliss was raising money for the new college in the US and the UK, the state of New York granted a charter for the Syrian Protestant College.

The college, which was renamed the American University of Beirut in the early 1920s, opened with a class of 16 students on December 3, 1866.

Daniel Bliss served as its first president, from 1866-1902.

In the beginning, Arabic was used as the language of instruction because it was the common language of the ethnic groups of the region, and prospective students needed to be fluent in Ottoman Turkish or in French as well as in English.

However, in 1887, the language of instruction became English and continues to be until now.

Suliman S. Olayan School of Business. (Courtesy of AUB)

The young university was destined not only to share its fate with the region in which it was founded, but also help shape it.

In its 154 years of existence, AUB has gone through two world wars, famines, civil strife, epidemics, changing maps, as well as economic booms and busts, and all this in one of the world’s most turbulent areas.

It is a mark of the institution’s commitment to excellence in education and promoting intellectual vigor that throughout these years, the AUB alumni, with various specializations, have had a broad and significant impact on the region and the world.

Key Dates

  • 1

    Daniel Bliss becomes founding president of Syrian Protestant College (SPC).

    Timeline Image 1866-1902

  • 2

    SPC settles in Ras Beirut campus, purchased for about $8,000.

  • 3

    Al-Muqtataf, a monthly Arabic scientific and cultural journal, is launched.

    Timeline Image 1876

  • 4

    Professor Edwin Lewis resigns after angering missionary community with his acknowledgment of Charles Darwin as one of the great scientists of his time. Students protest, demanding freedom of speech on campus.

    Timeline Image 1882

  • 5

    English becomes main language of instruction in SPC’s medical department.

  • 6

    AUH, a 200-bed hospital, is built.

    Timeline Image 1902

  • 7

    Medical department provides care after Beirut is shelled by two Italian warships targeting Ottoman naval positions in the area.

    Timeline Image 1912

  • 8

    SPC medical staff assist relief efforts of the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief during World War I.

    Timeline Image 1915

  • 9

    Many starving children, orphaned in the wake of World War I, are cared for at the SPC hospital and the Aintoura Orphanage.

  • 10

    Eight SPC women establish Women’s League to provide a wide range of social services.

  • 11

    SPC becomes AUB and grants all professors institutional equality and voting rights within the general faculty, regardless of national origin.

    Timeline Image 1920

  • 12

    AUB becomes fully coeducational

    Timeline Image 1924

  • 13

    AUB becomes World War II safe haven for residents of surrounding neighborhoods.

    Timeline Image 1941

  • 14

    AUB students participate in social protests and force French forces to release prisoners as Lebanon gains independence.

  • 15

    US First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt visits AUB campus.

    Timeline Image 1952

  • 16

    Students hold demonstrations in support of Palestinians and Algerians and against Baghdad Pact.

  • 17

    First open-heart surgery in Lebanon and the Middle East, by Dr. Ibrahim Dagher, performed in AUB.

    Timeline Image 1958

  • 18

    Lebanese civil war begins with deadly shooting at a church in East Beirut. Phalangist gunmen respond by ambushing a bus, killing 27 of its passengers.

    Timeline Image 1975

  • 19

    An expelled student murders two deans on AUB campus on Feb. 17.

  • 20

    Summer courses canceled following Israel’s invasion of Lebanon.

    Timeline Image 1982

  • 21

    AUB President Malcolm Kerr assassinated outside of his office in College Hall.

    Timeline Image 1984

  • 22

    AUB closes after a series of kidnappings of community members.

  • 23

    Academic program resumes in October after halt forced by civil war violence. Over a 13-month period the medical college treats 23,000 war casualties.

    Timeline Image 1989

  • 24

    A bomb destroys a large portion of College Hall, killing an AUB employee.

    Timeline Image 1991

  • 25

    AUB announces University for Seniors.

  • 26

    AUB libraries joins US libraries to create a digital library of more than 100,000 Arabic volumes.

  • 27

    President Fadlo Khuri announces on March 12 technology-assisted classes to limit the spread of COVID-19.

No less than 19 AUB alumni were delegates to the signing of the UN Charter in 1945; more than any other university in the world.

AUB graduates, Arabs and non-Arabs, continue to serve in leadership positions as heads of states, prime ministers, cabinet ministers, members of parliament, ambassadors, governors of central banks, university presidents and deans of colleges, academics.

Many have become well-known leaders, scientists, engineers, doctors, artists, literary figures as well as prominent employees in governments, the private sector, and non-governmental organizations.

The Lebanese civil war (1975–1990) was another milestone in AUB’s history.

Its medical facilities saved tens of thousands of lives, as it continued to carry out its educational duties in the difficult times.

The AUB pursued various means to preserve the continuity of studies, including enrolment agreements with universities in the US.

Its leadership also strived to maintain the unity, integrity and well-being of the university, by resisting calls to partition it along the sectarian lines of the de facto divided Lebanese capital.

However, despite its unstinting efforts, AUB did not go through the war unscathed.

In 1982, Acting President David S. Dodge was kidnapped on campus by pro-Iranian extremists

Then, on Jan. 18, 1984, President Malcolm H. Kerr was killed outside his office allegedly by members of Islamic Jihad.

In fact, in 1984 and 1985, a number of university staff were kidnapped.

Later in November 1991, a bomb believed to have been set off by pro-Iranian fundamentalists demolished College Hall, the main building of the university, injuring four people, on the 125th anniversary of the school’s founding.

This incident caused widespread anger and spurred the university and its alumni chapters to launch a worldwide fund-raising campaign to rebuild the impressive architectural landmark.

The success of this campaign was crowned by the inauguration of the building in the spring of 1999.

During the last 154 years, AUB has had 16 presidents. The current president is Dr Fadlo Khuri, whose nomination was approved on March 19, 2015, by the university’s Board of Trustees.

He was appointed as AUB’s 16th president on Jan. 25, 2016.

A medical doctor, Dr Khuri graduated from Yale University and Columbia University Medical School and was a professor of hematology and oncology at Emory University.

AUB’s president, Dr. Fadlo Khuri. (Supplied)

Like many presidents before him, Dr. Khuri has a long family association with AUB. His paternal grandfather was an early alumnus, his late father, Dr. Raja Khuri, was a dean of the School of Medicine, and his mother, Sumayya Khuri – now retired – was a professor of mathematics.

In the fall of 2018, there were over 9,000 students enrolled at AUB: 7,180 undergraduates and 1,922 graduate students, studying at the university’s seven faculties, namely:

* Agricultural and Food Sciences.

* Arts and Sciences.

* Health Sciences.

* Medicine.

* Rafic Hariri School of Nursing.

* The Maroun Semaan Faculty of Engineering and Architecture.

* The Suliman S. Olayan School of Business.

For a while, AUB also had a Dental School and a School of Pharmacy, but they were later discontinued.

All the existing faculties are located in the university campus of 61 acres, which has 64 buildings, including a highly renowned medical center.

Furthermore, the university owns and operates a 247-acre research farm and educational facility in the Bekaa Valley in eastern Lebanon.

The main Ras Beirut campus is situated on a hill overlooking the Mediterranean Sea on one side and bordering Bliss Street on the other.


READ MORE: AUB president says liberal Arab thought at risk amid Lebanon’s coronavirus, financial crises


Among its 64 buildings are seven dormitories and several libraries.

In addition, the campus houses the Charles W. Hostler Student Center, an observatory, an Archaeological Museum as well as the widely renowned Natural History Museum.

The AUB Medical Center (AUBMC) is the private, not-for-profit teaching center of the Faculty of Medicine. AUBMC includes a 420-bed hospital and offers comprehensive tertiary/quaternary medical care and referral services in a wide range of specialties and medical, nursing, and paramedical training programs at the undergraduate and post-graduate levels.

Throughout its history, the AUB Medical Center, which was formerly known as the American University Hospital (AUH), has played a critical role in caring for the victims of regional and local conflicts.

It provided care for the sick and wounded during World War I and World War II, the Lebanese War, the Palestinian conflict, and the invasion of Iraq.

In recent years, it has provided care for a number of Syrian refugees at the Medical Center in Beirut, at partner hospitals, and at mobile clinics.

In 2008, the American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) invited AUB’s Rafic Hariri School of Nursing to become a full member, making it the first member of the AACN outside the US.

AUBMC is the first healthcare institution in the Middle East and the third in the world outside the US to receive this award.

In his inaugural address in January 2016, Khuri affirmed AUB’s commitment to be the regional leader and a key global partner in addressing global health challenges.

UN envoy calls for greater sense of urgency in Syrian peace efforts

UN envoy calls for greater sense of urgency in Syrian peace efforts
Updated 23 January 2021

UN envoy calls for greater sense of urgency in Syrian peace efforts

UN envoy calls for greater sense of urgency in Syrian peace efforts
  • Geir Pederson wants enhanced international diplomacy, and tighter focus on progress in drafting new constitution
  • The fifth session of the Small Body of the Syrian Constitutional Committee begins in Geneva on Monday

NEW YORK: Geir Pedersen, the UN’s special envoy for Syria, on Friday called for “more serious and cooperative” international diplomacy as part of political efforts to improve the lives of the Syrian people and develop a vision for the future of their country.

Speaking ahead of the fifth session of the Small Body of the Syrian Constitutional Committee, which begins on Monday in Geneva, he also urged committee members to focus their efforts and work more effectively to speed up progress on constitutional reform.

Pedersen expressed hope that much-needed international engagement with the peace process is now possible.

“After all, despite the differences, key states are continuing to reaffirm their commitment to Resolution 2254,” he added, referring to the UN Security Council resolution, adopted in 2015, that calls for a ceasefire and political settlement in Syria.

Pedersen, who briefed the Security Council this week on the latest developments, highlighted the fact that five foreign armies are active in Syria and “violations of Syrian sovereignty and territorial integrity (have been) going on for years.”

Although the ceasefire agreement reached by Russia and Turkey in the northwest of the country resulted in a de-escalation of hostilities, Pedersen warned that this relative calm remains fragile.

UN Special Envoy for Syria Geir Pedersen. (AP Photo/Kathy Willens, File) 

“All of these issues cannot be sorted out by the Syrians alone,” he said. (They) need an international cooperation (and) a real exchange of views (among all parties).

“If that political will is lacking it would be very, very difficult to move this process forward ... if you leave this to the UN alone, we will not be able to succeed.”

Top on the agenda on Monday will be discussion of the basic principles of the Syrian constitution. Pedersen said he has been meeting with the two co-chairs of the committee on a regular basis, and has also had intensive discussions with the “Middle Third” civil-society group, which includes society activists and experts and other independents from inside and outside of Syria.

His experiences during the past year, he said, lead him to believe there is potential for finding common ground. No single actor or group of actors can impose its will on Syria or settle the conflict alone — they must work together, he added.

The time has now come for the co-chairs of the Constitutional Committee to organize and focus its efforts by establishing “more effective and operational working methods,” Pedersen said, so that they can begin to move forward from preparing constitutional reforms to actually drafting them, and agreeing on clear agendas and discussion topics for future meetings.

“There needs to be more urgency (in) delivering progress in this process,” he added.

As he saluted the work of civil society groups and “all the Syrians who do what they can to improve the situation on the ground and support a political process,” Pedersen singled out women in particular for praise. He has been particularly proactive in seeking input from the Women’s Advisory Board.

“It is a priority for all of us to make sure that we have full participation of Syrian women in the political process,” he said. “(Promoting) their core constitutional rights is central for me, as the facilitator of the work of the Constitutional Committee.”

Asked about plans for large-scale prisoner swaps, Pedersen said that although this is not on the agenda for the talks in Geneva this week, it is always part of his own agenda. The disappointment over the lack of progress on the issue so far means “that we should work even harder” on it, he added.

“This is a file that really has an impact on nearly every Syrian family, and it needs to be addressed,” he said. “(I) have appealed (for) more information on the missing. (We) need to see the early release of women, children, the elderly and the sick, and I think (nothing) should stop that from happening.”

The members of the Small Body of the Syrian Constitutional Committee are due to arrive in Geneva on Saturday, and Pedersen will consult with the co-chairs over the weekend before the main talks begin on Monday.

Asked whether he expects this latest round of negotiations to be a success for the UN, Pedersen said: “I really do not think this is the question; the question (is) whether it is a success for the Syrian people and (their) aspirations.

“My hope has been that the Constitutional Committee, if it is handled in the correct manner, could start to build trust and (be) a door-opener for a broader political process.

“But the (committee) cannot work in isolation ... we need political will from the different parties to be able to move forward.”

He added: “The (committee) is just one aspect, and it is not the one aspect that will solve the Syrian crisis. If we are to see changes in the situation on the ground, there are other factors that need to be discussed.”