Saad Hariri begins consultations with MPs to form Lebanon government

Saad Hariri begins consultations with MPs to form Lebanon government
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Former Lebanese prime minister Saad Hariri delivers a statement after the president named him to form a new cabinet, at the presidential palace in Baabda on October 22, 2020. (AFP)
Saad Hariri begins consultations with MPs to form Lebanon government
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Lebanese Prime Minister-Designate Saad Hariri speaks to journalists at the Presidential Palace in Baabda, east of Beirut, Lebanon, Thursday, Oct, 22, 2020. (AP)
Saad Hariri begins consultations with MPs to form Lebanon government
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Lebanon's Parliament Speaker Nabih Berri (L) President Michel Aoun (C) and former prime minister Saad Hariri meet at the presidential palace in Baabda, east of the capital Beirut, after Aoun named Hariri to form a new cabinet, on October 22, 2020. (AFP)
Saad Hariri begins consultations with MPs to form Lebanon government
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Lebanese Sunni leader Saad al-Hariri, walks after being named Lebanon's new prime minister at the presidential palace in Baabda, Lebanon October 22, 2020. (Reuters)
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Updated 22 October 2020

Saad Hariri begins consultations with MPs to form Lebanon government

Saad Hariri begins consultations with MPs to form Lebanon government
  • Hariri’s assignment led to a significant drop in the dollar’s ​​exchange rate on the black market
  • The politician announced that he would focus on forming a government quickly “because time is running out”

BEIRUT: Lebanese President Michel Aoun assigned on Thursday former Prime Minister Saad Hariri to form the country’s next government, after 65 members of Parliament named Hariri during binding parliamentary consultations.

Hariri’s assignment led to a significant drop in the dollar’s ​​exchange rate on the black market to 6,800-6,900 Lebanese pounds.

Addressing the people of Lebanon from the Baabda Palace, Hariri stressed that he would “form a government of non-partisan technocrats to implement the economic, financial, and administrative reforms contained in the French initiative. The parliamentary blocs pledged to support the government in the implementation of this initiative.”

Hariri said: “I am determined to keep my promise for the people to stop the collapse that threatens our economy and rebuild what has been destroyed by the horrible Beirut port blast.”

A gigantic explosion in August in Beirut’s port, caused by chemicals stored in a warehouse there, has compounded the economic crises. The blast decimated the capital, killing nearly 200 people, and injured over 6,000.

The explosion prompted France, a longtime ally and Lebanon’s former colonial ruler, to push for a new political order in Lebanon. Paris launched what came to be known as the French initiative, designed to pressure rival politicians into reaching an agreement on a government empowered to introduce wide-ranging economic reforms. The international community has said it will not help Lebanon financially before reforms are implemented.

Hariri announced that he would focus on forming a government quickly “because time is running out, and this is the last opportunity.”

He said non-binding parliamentary consultations would start on Friday afternoon to hear the opinions of the MPs.

Hariri made phone calls to former premiers Salim Hoss, Najib Mikati, Fouad Siniora, Tammam Salam, and Hassan Diab. And he declared that telephone consultations with them were sufficient for “security-related reasons.”

The Free Patriotic Movement bloc, headed by Gebran Bassil, did not name Hariri during the parliamentary consultations.

Bassil insisted in a statement: “After the nomination of Hariri, we expect a techno-political government.”

Parliament’s Speaker Nabih Berri tried to mitigate the impact of the disagreement between Hariri and Bassil regarding the forming of the next government. Berri said after meeting with Aoun: “The atmosphere is positive between Aoun and Hariri, and there will be a rapprochement between the Future Movement and the Free Patriotic Movement.”

The Future Movement’s supporters in Tripoli received Hariri’s reassignment by firing weapons into the air, damaging private property and injuring several people.

It said in a statement: “A new chapter has begun, to rescue the country, stop the collapse, and rebuild what was destroyed in the Beirut port explosion. In view of this, we call on the supporters of the movement in all regions to maintain the same spirit as they follow what happens after the assignment and to abide by the law.”

Nassib Ghobril, head of the Economic Research and Analysis Department at Byblos Bank, said: “The assignment is the first step but it is not sufficient as there is no confidence on the citizens’ part.

“The markets and the private sector, as well as citizens, want to see practical measures on the ground to be assured that there is resoluteness in addressing the country’s economic, financial, monetary, and living situations,” he added.

Syndicate of Money Changers Head Mahmoud Murad said: “Things are developing rapidly. The dollar’s exchange rate has fallen below 7,000 Lebanese pounds after it ranged between 7,000 and 8,000 Lebanese pounds for months, and we do not know how further it would drop.”

He added: “Some people are currently selling their saved dollars, while others want to buy dollars. No one knows the ceiling of this activity — it depends on political developments and how they reflect on the public.”

Addressing the Lebanese people, UN Special Coordinator for Lebanon Jan Kubis said: “Do not count on miracles, foreign elections or external donors — the rescue must start in Lebanon, by Lebanon.”

He said in a tweet after the assignment of Hariri: “No country, especially Lebanon, in a catastrophic free fall can survive endlessly without an effective pro-reform government as the only way to start rescuing the country and its people from further collapse, from chaos and extremism.”

He added: “It is the traditional political forces that have again put on themselves to choose the way forward, regardless of their numerous failures in the past and deep skepticism about the future. It is up to them to help Saad Hariri, the designated PM, to rapidly create an empowered, action-oriented government, to start delivering the well-known reforms.”

On the eve of the binding parliamentary consultations, Jean-Yves Le Drian, France’s minister of Europe and foreign affairs, urged Lebanon to “speed up” the formation of the government.

“The later we are, the further the boat sinks,” he told the French Senate’s Committee for Foreign Affairs. “If Lebanon does not implement the required reforms, the country itself is in danger of collapse, and the Lebanese people cannot be the victim of the negligence and incompetence of their leaders. Long-standing disputes and quotas according to affiliations and sects have returned, but the current situation does not allow that.”

There were some surprises during the binding parliamentary consultations. The Syrian Social Nationalist Party bloc named Hariri to head the government, despite the fact that the party had previously decided not to name Hariri.

The Hezbollah bloc refrained from naming Hariri. The head of the bloc, Mohammad Raad, said: “Refraining from naming anyone may contribute to maintaining a positive atmosphere that broadens the required understanding.” 

This was in reference to the fact that Hezbollah stands with its ally, the Free Patriotic Movement, which did not name Hariri. The leadership and MPs of Hezbollah had previously announced their desire for Hariri’s return to head the government.

MPs Jihad Samad and Adnan Trabelsi, meanwhile, deviated from the decision of the Consultative Meeting bloc and named Hariri. MP Nohad Machnouk, too, named Hariri despite the political dispute between the two. Machnouk had been expected to either refuse to name Hariri or be absent from the consultation.

MP Jean Talouzian deviated from the decision of the Lebanese Forces bloc and also named Hariri. The bloc did not name anyone to head the government despite its commitment to the French initiative.


Election for ‘new Algeria’ gets low turnout amid opposition boycott

Election for ‘new Algeria’ gets low  turnout amid opposition boycott
Updated 13 June 2021

Election for ‘new Algeria’ gets low turnout amid opposition boycott

Election for ‘new Algeria’ gets low  turnout amid opposition boycott
  • A huge number of candidates — more than 20,000 — vied for the 407-seat legislature, once dominated by a two-party alliance considered unlikely to maintain its grip on parliament

 

ALGIERS: Voter turnout was low midway through the day as Algerians voted on Saturday for a new parliament in an election with a majority of novice independent candidates running under new rules meant to satisfy demands of pro-democracy protesters and open the way to a “new Algeria.”

Tension surrounded the voting in the gas-rich North African nation. Activists and opposition parties boycotted the election.

Authorities have tightened the screws on the Hirak protest movement in recent weeks, with police stopping weekly marches and arresting dozens, the latest a Hirak figure and two journalists. The three prominent opposition figures, including journalist Khaled Drareni, a press freedom advocate, were freed early Saturday, three days after their arrests.

The early election is supposed to exemplify President Abdelmadjid Tebboune’s “new Algeria,” with an emphasis on young candidates and those outside the political elite.

A huge number of candidates — more than 20,000 — are running for the 407-seat legislature, once dominated by a two-party alliance considered unlikely to maintain its grip on parliament. Islamist parties all offered candidates.

FASTFACT

The three prominent opposition figures, including journalist Khaled Drareni, were freed early on Saturday, three days after their arrests.

It’s the first legislative election since former President Abdelaziz Bouteflika was forced from office in 2019 after 20 years in power. Tebboune was elected eight months later, vowing to remake Africa’s largest country but with no sign of abandoning the preeminent though shadowy role of the army in governance.

“We are looking for change,” voter Mohammed Touait said at a polling station. “I am 84 years old, and today I woke up at 8 a.m. because I still have hope for change.”

The Constitutional Council announced on Saturday that it would be 15 days before results of the balloting are known because of the number of candidates and the need to ensure against fraud, which marked past elections.

The participation rate among Algeria’s 24 million voters was 10 percent midway through the day, the electoral authority announced.

The president, at the start of the day, brushed off as irrelevant the number of people who vote.

“What is important is that those the people vote for have sufficient legitimacy,” Tebboune said after casting his ballot in Algiers.


Lebanon’s Sunni leaders renew support for Hariri

Lebanon’s Sunni leaders renew support for Hariri
During the session, chaired by the Grand Mufti, Sheikh Abdul Latif Derian, Saad Hariri discussed the obstacles to forming the government. (Supplied)
Updated 13 June 2021

Lebanon’s Sunni leaders renew support for Hariri

Lebanon’s Sunni leaders renew support for Hariri
  • Supreme council meeting warns of ‘suffocating crisis’ facing the country

BEIRUT: The Supreme Islamic Sharia Council, which represents the Sunni community and its leaders in Lebanon, has renewed its support for Saad Hariri, the prime minister-designate, amid an escalating dispute over the failure to form a government in the country.

After a lengthy meeting on Saturday, in which Hariri participated, the council warned that “any quest for new definitions regarding the constitution or the Taif Agreement is not acceptable under any of the arguments.”
It was earlier reported that Hariri might announce during the meeting that he was stepping down from the task of establishing a new government entrusted to him by parliament last October.
The French initiative and the mediation of Parliament Speaker Nabih Berri so far have failed to help form a government because of an escalating dispute between Hariri and President Michel Aoun, together with his political team represented by his son-in-law Gebran Bassil, head of the Free Patriotic Movement.
The meeting, which was held in Dar Al-Fatwa and attended by former prime ministers, said that the blame for delaying the formation of the government lies with those “who are trying to invent ways and methods that nullify the content of the National Accord Document, which enjoys the consensus of Lebanese leaders who are keen on Lebanon’s independence, unity, sovereignty and pan-Arabism.”
During the session, chaired by the grand mufti, Sheikh Abdul Latif Derian, Hariri discussed the obstacles to forming the government and steps he has taken to overcome them.
Those present at the meeting expressed their fear that “the suffocating crisis facing Lebanon will deteriorate into an endless abyss amid the indifference and random confusion that characterizes the behavior and actions of leaders who control citizens.”

BACKGROUND

The French initiative and the mediation of Parliament Speaker Nabih Berri so far have failed to help form a government because of an escalating dispute between Hariri and President Michel Aoun.

The dispute over the formation of the government is a “futile debate,” they added.
Hariri later described the discussion as constructive.
“The country is witnessing a political and economic deterioration every day,” he said. ” What matters to us is the country at the end of the day.”
One of the participants in the meeting, who declined to be named, told Arab News that “Hariri presented the options before him, including resignation, but the attendees rejected the matter and pressured him to adhere to his constitutional powers and wait to see what Berri’s mediation might result in.”
The source said that “the importance of the statement issued by the meeting should not be underestimated because it is a statement issued by Dar Al-Fatwa and condemns the president and his son-in-law.”
Fouad Siniora, a former prime minister, said that the problem of forming the government is internal, and Aoun must respect the constitution. “Aoun violates the constitution every day and does not act as the one who unites the Lebanese,” he said.
Siniora said that “Hezbollah is hiding behind the president and MP Gibran Bassil. It wants the government-formation paper to remain in its hands to use as a negotiating card. Hezbollah is a major problem and a source of pain.”
Mustafa Alloush, vice president of the Future Movement, said that “there is pressure from the Sunni community on Hariri not to quit his assignment and not to hand over the government formation to people working as proxies.”
He added: “Dar Al-Fatwa’s statement gave a clear sign of support to Hariri, and dialogue is continuing between Hariri and former prime ministers.”


Afghan activist doctor receives award for refugee work in Turkey  

Afghan activist doctor receives award for refugee work in Turkey  
Zakira Hekmat aims to promote education, language learning, cultural programs, capacity building, and awareness campaigns among refugees. (Supplied)
Updated 13 June 2021

Afghan activist doctor receives award for refugee work in Turkey  

Afghan activist doctor receives award for refugee work in Turkey  
  • Zakira Hekmat recognized by IGAM Research Center on Asylum and Migration after working with UNHCR

ANKARA: The Ankara-based IGAM Research Center on Asylum and Migration has recognized an Afghan doctor for her work helping refugees.
Zakira Hekmat, 33, was awarded $2,000 by the center, led by Metin Corabatir, the UN High Commissioner for Refugees’s (UNHCR) former spokesperson in Turkey.
Hekmat, herself born an internally displaced person in Jaghuri district in Ghazni province, Afghanistan, said she considered herself lucky, which had driven her to help other Afghan refugees.
“I think that by giving back to my own community, I can best heal the pain of displacement, ruination of my homeland, and the suffering of my people,” she told Arab News. “I was lucky enough to have a house to live in and a university to attend when I first came to Turkey, but not everyone was lucky like me. So, I wanted to help them with all my capabilities because I know they face many challenges.”
Hekmat’s Afghan Refugees Solidarity Association (ARSA), which she started in 2014, worked tirelessly throughout the coronavirus disease pandemic to help people in need, including with those who lost homes and jobs or were left vulnerable, and she was recognized in 2020 by Washington-based charitable organization HasNa as one of its Peacebuilders of the Year for her work.
She graduated high school living under the Taliban while doubling up as a teacher due to a shortage of female staff in her area. Hekmat then briefly attended Kabul University as an undergraduate before leaving for the medical faculty of Erciyes University in Kayseri, Turkey, and then working at an immigrant health center in the city, predominately serving refugees, many coming from neighboring Syria fleeing the country’s civil war..
Hekmat said her formative years in Afghanistan shaped her identity. Teaching poor children in Ghazni, she said, shaped her lifelong commitment to social justice by reconnecting marginalized people with the rest of the society.

FASTFACT

Zakira Hekmat said her formative years in Afghanistan shaped her identity. Teaching poor children in Ghazni, she said, shaped her lifelong commitment to social justice by reconnecting marginalized people with the rest of the society. 

Now her focus is on refugees, especially widowed women, refugee girls and children, by promoting education, language-learning, cultural programs, capacity building, child-focused activities, translation services for refugees and conducting awareness programs.
ARSA, she added, had worked on dozens of voluntary projects with the financial support of the UNHCR and the Turkish government, including setting up a network of 370 refugees volunteers in 58 cities across Turkey to help newly-arrived refugees to settle into their cities, and producing and distributing items to protect them from the pandemic.
“By teaming up with our local volunteers, we produced protective masks and soap (to help prevent) contagion, and we distributed them free to NGOs in need across the country as well as to the refugees themselves,” Hekmat said. Her network produced about 1,000 face masks per day, she added.
In addition, with the UNHCR, ARSA helped around 600 needy Turks and Afghans by providing them with essential supplies for the winter, and delivered hygiene kits to over 6,000 families.
“I don’t care much about the country of birth, but I attach high importance to the country where I can breathe and live freely,” Hekmat said. “We can only overcome stereotypes and prejudices against refugees if we listen each other and come together around a cup of Turkish tea.”
Her current work also focuses on child protection, stopping underage marriages and domestic violence, and promoting social cohesion and awareness campaigns about asylum-seekers. She has also launched a project for women refugees to design accessories and other handicrafts.
“They produced about 600 items (so far) and we provided the raw material for them. It became a source of livelihood for them and served as a pathway to self-accomplishment,” she said.
Corabatir said Hekmat had acted as a bridge for more than a decade between each Afghan refugee and UN agencies in Turkey, and had tried to solve their problems with an extensive network she established herself over years in the medical sector and through her charity activities.
“We intend to raise awareness about these charity works and introduce these people to the attention of the authorities. She also showed to her peers that they have rights to enjoy as refugees. It is essential that these people inspire other refugees for raising awareness and leading social change in their communities,” Corabatir said.
Turkey is home to more than 3.6 million Syrian refugees and about 330,000 registered refugees and asylum-seekers of other nationalities, including Afghans and Pakistanis, according to the latest data of the UNHCR.


Egypt and Sudan will confront any unilateral Ethiopian action on the Renaissance Dam — FM

Egypt and Sudan will confront any unilateral Ethiopian action on the Renaissance Dam — FM
Updated 13 June 2021

Egypt and Sudan will confront any unilateral Ethiopian action on the Renaissance Dam — FM

Egypt and Sudan will confront any unilateral Ethiopian action on the Renaissance Dam — FM
  • Shoukry said Cairo is working with Israel to advance the peace process and achieve the aspirations of the Palestinian people

AMMAN: Egypt’s Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry said on Saturday that he anticipates negotiations with Ethiopia over the Grand Renaissance Dam will continue to falter.
Speaking during a television program on Sada El-Balad channel, Shoukry said that the Nile waters concern every Egyptian, and the government deals with transparency and informs its people on all the negotiations that take place.
Shoukry said that his recent visit to Sudan came to confirm the close link between the two countries and to coordinate to assess the filling status of the dam, the pace of construction, and review all data related to this issue.
He said his country and Sudan will politically and decisively confront any unilateral action by Ethiopia on the dam, adding that the second filling of the dam will affect the course of negotiations and that Addis Ababa’s actions are contrary to international standards.
Ethiopia began the second phase of filling the reservoir behind its giant Grand Renaissance Dam in early May, a process expected to accelerate in July and August after seasonal rains.
Further construction work on the dam had already allowed for the second phase to start. Ethiopia began filling the reservoir behind the dam, which is still under construction on the Blue Nile close to the border with Sudan, last year.
“We hope that a breakthrough will be reached in the negotiations, but this depends on the Ethiopian political administration, and we affirm that the downstream countries will not compromise or give up their rights, in the event of serious damage occurring when filling and operating the Renaissance Dam,” he said.
Earlier on Saturday, Shoukry addressed a letter to the UN Security Council to explain the developments of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam issue, and affirmed Egypt’s objection to Ethiopia’s announcement of its intention to continue filling the dam during the upcoming flood season.
On Palestine, Shoukry said Cairo is working with Israel to advance the peace process and achieve the aspirations of the Palestinian people, which is the establishment of a Palestinian state and the two-state solution.
“Egypt is committed to the need to establish a Palestinian state, and we will continue to work with the new Israeli government and international partners led by the United States to implement the goals of the Palestinian people.”
He also said President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi has approved providing $500 million in aid, and they are coordinating with the Palestinian and Israeli sides to set appropriate frameworks that provide for reconstruction and speed up the provision of support to the Palestinian people.
(With Reuters)


Shelling kills 16 in northern Syria’s Afrin: Monitor

Shelling kills 16 in northern Syria’s Afrin: Monitor
Updated 12 June 2021

Shelling kills 16 in northern Syria’s Afrin: Monitor

Shelling kills 16 in northern Syria’s Afrin: Monitor
  • The artillery fire originated from northern Aleppo province where Syrian regime and Kurdish forces are both deployed
  • A doctor, three hospital staff, three women and a child died at Al-Shifaa hospital

BEIRUT: Shelling of the rebel-held city of Afrin in northern Syria killed at least 16 people Saturday, many of them when a hospital was struck, a war monitor said.
The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said a doctor, three hospital staff, three women and a child died at Al-Shifaa hospital in the city which is held by Turkish-backed rebels.
The artillery fire originated from northern Aleppo province where Syrian regime and Kurdish forces are both deployed, the Britain-based group said.
The Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) issued a statement denying any involvement in the shelling.