Saudi crown prince and Iraqi PM discuss enhanced cooperation

Saudi crown prince and Iraqi PM discuss enhanced cooperation
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Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman and Iraqi Prime Minister Mustafa Kadhimi held a video call on Tuesday. (SPA/AFP/File Photo)
Saudi crown prince and Iraqi PM discuss enhanced cooperation
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A virtual meeting was held between Saudi foreign minister Prince Faisal bin Farhan and his Iraqi counterpart, Fuad Hussein, as part of the fourth session of the Saudi-Iraqi Coordination Council. (SPA)
Saudi crown prince and Iraqi PM discuss enhanced cooperation
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A virtual meeting was held between Saudi foreign minister Prince Faisal bin Farhan and his Iraqi counterpart, Fuad Hussein, as part of the fourth session of the Saudi-Iraqi Coordination Council. (SPA)
Saudi crown prince and Iraqi PM discuss enhanced cooperation
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A virtual meeting was held between Saudi foreign minister Prince Faisal bin Farhan and his Iraqi counterpart, Fuad Hussein, as part of the fourth session of the Saudi-Iraqi Coordination Council. (SPA)
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Updated 11 November 2020

Saudi crown prince and Iraqi PM discuss enhanced cooperation

Saudi crown prince and Iraqi PM discuss enhanced cooperation
  • Both sides agreed to open Arar border crossing in 7 days
  • Bilateral coordination in field of energy supplies is urgent necessity, says Saudi FM

RIYADH: Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman and Iraqi Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Kadhimi discussed the work of the fourth session of the Saudi-Iraqi Coordination Council on Tuesday.
During a virtual meeting the leaders reviewed agreements developed during the previous three sessions with the aim of strengthening relations between the two countries.
The crown prince told the prime minister he is “very happy to develop work with you and with Iraq.”
“The two countries are neighbors, we are all Arabs, we follow the same religion and we have the same interests and the same challenges,” he said in a statement issued by Saudi Press Agency.
Both he and Al-Kadhimi emphasized the importance of expanding and strengthening cooperation in a way that serves the interests of both nations in a number of fields, especially politics, security, trade investment and tourism.
They also emphasized the importance of working together in the energy sector through an exchange of experiences and within the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries by fully committing to all decisions designed to guarantee fair oil prices for the global market.
The crown prince and the PM also agreed to continue the cooperation between their nations in efforts to confront the threat of extremism and terrorism, which they said poses an existential threat to the region and the world. Saudi Arabia said it will continue to support Iraqi anti-terror efforts, in cooperation with the Global Coalition to Defeat Daesh, and both sides also stressed the importance of cooperation in efforts to secure their borders. In addition, they agreed to enhance cooperation and exchange information on issues of concern in a way that supports and strengthens security and stability in the region and the world.
Saudi foreign minister Prince Faisal bin Farhan and his Iraqi counterpart, Fuad Hussein, also held a virtual meeting on Tuesday.
Prince Faisal said that the meeting between the crown prince and the Iraqi premier was aimed at “strengthening bilateral relations between the two countries and to launch them toward a new era to benefit their common interests.”
He added that an agreement had been reached to open the Arar border crossing in seven days, as the “first step to expanding commercial relations.” In addition, the work of the Saudi commercial attache in Baghdad will begin soon.
“Bilateral coordination in the field of energy supplies is an urgent necessity for the sake of stabilizing oil markets in a way that serves and maintains the relationship between consumers and producers,” said Prince Faisal.
Hussein said that the Kingdom “has successful experience in combating terrorism and extremism” and “we want to benefit from Saudi Arabia’s experience.”
Prince Faisal said “Iraq’s security is essential to the security of the Arab region” and that “security cooperation with Iraq is ongoing and excellent.”
Baghdad repeated an invitation for Saudi companies to invest in Iraq. The Iraqis also said that they appreciate a number of recent Saudi initiatives, including a pledge to help reconstruction efforts, assistance during the COVID-19 pandemic, and the building of a sports stadium as a gift from King Salman to the Iraqi people.
The two nations also agreed to bilaterally implement the provisions of the Greater Arab Free Trade Area, and to form a joint business council. Hussein said a memorandum of understanding has been signed for the implementation of an electrical connection with Saudi Arabia, and Iraq has purchased 400 megawatts of energy from the Kingdom.
Prince Faisal highlighted the historical ties between the two nations and added that he “welcomes all forms of cooperation with Iraq.”
Al-Kadhimi described the talks as “fruitful,” and said both sides will “seek economic integration that includes the region in general.” He also spoke of his nation’s historical ties with the Kingdom and added: “Iraq extends its hand to all its neighbors and those who wish it well.”
Meanwhile, the chief of staff of the Iraqi Army, Lt. Gen. Abdul Amir Yarallah, and an accompanying delegation arrived in Riyadh to discuss bilateral military relations, ways in which they might be developed, and the exchange of expertise between the Saudi and Iraqi armed forces.


Saudi women making their mark in science

Saudi women making their mark in science
Updated 19 January 2021

Saudi women making their mark in science

Saudi women making their mark in science

JEDDAH: Just 30 percent of women worldwide work in science, but Saudis are challenging this long-standing trend.
Women represent 58 percent of university students in Saudi Arabia, with many studying in science, technology and engineering and furthering their careers with studies overseas.
In a report by the Saudi Education Ministry, women outnumbered men in graduating with a bachelor’s in biology, information technology, mathematics, statistics, and physics.
Universities and research centers have adopted measures to support the inclusion of female scientists.
Ambitious, driven and facing challenges along the way to their success, here are the Saudi women scientists who have made a mark in the field for their extraordinary work.
Suha Kayum
Research engineer

With a career spanning 10 years, Kayum — a research engineer with Saudi Aramco’s EXPEC Advanced Research Center — was tasked with accelerating the evolution of software algorithms to enhance Aramco’s reservoir simulator, which helped the company cut costs.
Kayum was a developer for the company’s in-house basin and seismic simulators. In 2016, she designed and received a patent for an algorithm that enabled the first 1-billion cell basin simulation run.

Dr. Elaf Ahmed
Lab scientist

With a keen research interest in nano-organisms, Ahmed’s main focus while conducting postdoctoral work at King Abdullah University for Science and Technology was synthesis of environmental nano materials using electrochemically active biofilms.
She later joined the company’s Oil and Gas Treatment Division at Aramco’s Research and Development Center.
Her main focus at the division is to conduct research projects for water treatment technologies and find new ways to treat water found in oil and gas reservoirs.

Dr. Ilham Abuljadayel
Immunologist

In what could be one of the most profound achievements by a Saudi scientist, Dr. Ilham discovered the process of retrodifferentiation, a method also known as retrograde differentiation that treats blood diseases.
A common process for the maintenance of cell integrity against damaging agents, Dr. Ilham applied her findings in the first preclinical study in 2000 in collaboration with George Washington Medical Center, US, in two animal models of human diseases to study the utility of retrodifferentiated stem cells.
Her research has helped treat 390 patients with diseases ranging from sickle cell anaemia, multiple sclerosis, thalassaemia, and hepatitis C among others.
Dr. Abeer Al-Olayan
Petroleum scientist

With an academic and industrial background in various fields of chemistry spanning over 20 years, Dr. Abeer is a research scientist at Saudi Aramco’s EXPEC Advanced Research Center and is responsible for leading its chemicals development initiative.
As a fellow at MIT, she submitted a fellowship research abstract that focuses on reducing dependency on food-based chemicals to tackle drilling and subsurface challenges. She has 10 registered patents with the US Patent Office for the development of methods, materials and compositions in drilling and fluid transfer.

Dr. Malak Abed Althagafi
Physician-scientist

Diagnosed with a rare genetic disease at a young age, Althagafi got a first glimpse of what her future could be during her treatment. Her educational path started with the study of genetic diseases in children and led to molecular pathology before she focused on surgical oncology, molecular genetics and neuropathology.
Dr. Malak is one of the few American board-certified molecular neuropathologists in the world and has conducted research that focuses on decoding genetic mutations in tumors, specifically brain tumors in children.
She became part of the Saudi Human Genome Program in 2014. Her clinical and research interests are mainly in surgical oncology, pathology, molecular genetics pathology and neuropathology, especially its application for treating brain cancers.

Dr. Hind Al-Johani
Scientist of physical chemistry

Her research interest is in nano-catalysis. In 2017, this Saudi scientist discovered that by using the simple molecule of citrate ions (from citric acid) you could stabilize and control the structure of gold nanoparticles.
Using this new discovery, the findings showed that gold can carry drugs through the body without chemical side effects. Attaching antibodies can guide the nanoparticles to specific cells that need treatment. Her findings have had an impact on environmental chemistry where it may also be used for water purification or methods for capturing CO2 emissions.

Dr. Nouf Al-Numair
Molecular bioinformatics scientist
Dubbed the DNA decoder, her research focuses on predicting the early emergence of diseases through genetic mutations.
She has achieved this by merging molecular genetics and computer programming to predict the effects of mutations and provide patients with a personalized medical approach to treatment.
Using more than seven programming languages to analyze human genes, she has successfully published a number of papers with the findings.
Dr. Nouf pursued her career in STEM and is the first Saudi scientist to major in molecular genetics and programming biological information.