AI could halve time reading breast cancer scans, study suggests

Text from the ChatGPT page of the OpenAI website is shown in this photo, in New York, Feb. 2, 2023. (AP)
Text from the ChatGPT page of the OpenAI website is shown in this photo, in New York, Feb. 2, 2023. (AP)
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Updated 02 August 2023
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AI could halve time reading breast cancer scans, study suggests

Text from the ChatGPT page of the OpenAI website is shown in this photo, in New York, Feb. 2, 2023. (AP)
  • Regular screening is vital to identifying early signs of cancer
  • The AI algorithm read the scans and predicted the risk of cancer out of 10

PARIS: Artificial intelligence could help almost halve the workload of radiologists when it comes to searching routine scans for signs of breast cancer, a large Swedish study suggested on Wednesday.
The interim results of the trial were hailed as promising, but the authors cautioned that more research was needed before AI can be used to screen for breast cancer on a wider scale.
While increasingly convincing chatbots such as ChatGPT have driven speculation about the future potential applications of AI, one area in which the technology has already shown proficiency is in reading medical scans.
With many countries suffering from a shortage of radiologists, there are hopes that AI could make the time-consuming job of analizing routine scans quicker and more accurate.
This could have a particularly large impact for breast cancer. More than 2.3 million women were diagnosed with the cancer in 2020 alone, according to the World Health Organization, and it caused 685,000 deaths.
Regular screening is vital to identifying early signs of cancer. In Europe, women aged 50 to 69 are advised to get a mammogram every two years, with the resulting scan analyzed by two radiologists.
The study in Sweden involved the scans of 80,000 women who had mammograms at four sites in southwest Sweden between April 2021 and July last year.

Their scans were randomly divided for analysis to either an AI-supported system or two human radiologists, who served as the control group.
The AI algorithm read the scans and predicted the risk of cancer out of 10. Its predictions were then checked by a radiologist.
The AI-supported system spotted 20 percent more cancers, the study said, which worked out to be an additional case for every thousand women screened.
When it came to false positives — when a mammogram is first thought to look suspicious but is later cleared — both the AI-supported system and the two humans spotted the same rate: 1.5 percent.
And the workload for radiologists was reduced by 44 percent for the AI group, because only one person was required to read the scans rather than the normal two.
“The greatest potential of AI right now is that it could allow radiologists to be less burdened by the excessive amount of reading,” said Kristina Lang, a radiologist at Sweden’s Lund University and lead author of the study.
But Lang said the “promising interim safety results” were “not enough on their own to confirm that AI is ready to be implemented in mammography screening,” she said in a statement.
It will take two more years before the trial can say whether using AI leads to a reduction in what are called interval cancers, which are detected between routine screenings, the researchers cautioned.
Stephen Duffy, a professor of cancer screening at Queen Mary University of London who was not involved in the study, pointed out that the AI algorithm may have over-diagnosed certain forms of early breast cancer called ductal carcinoma in situ.
Nonetheless, he praised the “high-quality study,” saying that reducing the burden on radiologists’ time was “an issue of considerable importance in many breast screening programs.”

 


Where We Are Going Today: Roka offers flavors of Japan with Mideast inflections

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Updated 01 March 2024
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Where We Are Going Today: Roka offers flavors of Japan with Mideast inflections

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Roka is a dining spot tucked away in a corner of one of Al-Sulaimaniya District’s vibrant plazas in the capital. Now, they are kicking their already unique dining experience up a notch with a new “Entertainment Nights” concept.

Every Thursday from 8 to 11 p.m. at Roka, guests can enjoy a flavorful dinner paired with live DJs and percussion.

You can tempt your taste buds with one of their signature drinks, or their limited-edition beverages for special occasions such as Saudi National Day and Breast Cancer Awareness Month.

On Valentine’s Day, while experiencing the mixes of DJ Basslaw, the joint offered a delectable base of raspberry juice and shiso botanical tea topped with raspberry foam and a raspberry powder rim. The berry concoction bursts with a sweet-and-sour candy-like tang.

Their drinks menu offers an array of non-alcoholic cocktails and flavors native to Japan, like their white lotus that fuses yuzu, strawberries, dragon fruit, lychee and pineapple.

Our starters were a crispy prawn, avocado, and sweet dark soy roll and a salmon, avocado and asparagus roll with wasabi tobiko mayonnaise. The balance of umami paired wonderfully with one of their signature salads, a lettuce-based dish drizzled with caramelized onion dressing, which exemplifies the power of culinary simplicity. The salad is served unconventionally in slices, making it easier to bite into with chopsticks.

Their steamed beef, ginger, and sesame dumpling with black pepper vinegar sauce is another simple and light perfectly-cooked dish with a great kick. The dish pairs nicely with thinly sliced pickles, adding a certain complexity to the mix.

Roka offers a number of unique mains hailing from their Robata station, one of their three main kitchens along with their Sushi and Hotline kitchens. They are popular for their lamb cutlet with Korean spices and black cod marinated in yuzu miso.

A recommended dish is their signature and undeniably tender beef fillet with chilli, ginger and spring onion, an amazing dish that could either be muted or amplified in flavor depending on your preferred ratio of sauce. The steak goes well with their Roka baked potato in yuzu cream and chives which brings a creamy flavor with a bit of crunch.

In addition to the main menu, you can explore a plethora of unique plates from their seasonal, premium, and signature offerings. The sleek and trendy joint also hosts Izakaya Nights, a weekly event with new dishes and exclusive flavors for casual bar bites such as panko ebi kushiyaki and black cod krokke, along with live music.

On Saturdays, you can enjoy a live station brunch from 1 p.m., featuring a packed buffet and drinks. As Ramadan approaches, the restaurant will be serving an iftar menu priced at SR195 per person ($59), from March 10 to April 9.

Roka is a great spot to indulge in Japanese flavors, altered slightly to fit Middle Eastern palettes. Perfect for date nights or group gatherings, the restaurant is full of opportunities to nourish your taste buds, from the first bite to the last. With their friendly and memorable service, they will definitely have you coming back for more.

For updates and more information, check their Instagram @rokarestaurant.ksa.

 


Where We Are Going Today: OBAO restaurant in Al-Khobar

Where We Are Going Today: OBAO restaurant in Al-Khobar
Updated 28 February 2024
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Where We Are Going Today: OBAO restaurant in Al-Khobar

Where We Are Going Today: OBAO restaurant in Al-Khobar

At Khobar City Walk, OBAO’s distinct orange decor with opulent accents stands out amid a cluster of other eateries.

The Kingdom’s only branch opened two years ago, and the restaurant pays homage to Alkhobar’s vibrant gastronomy heritage by taking you on an eclectic culinary journey with each plate.

We ordered one of their signature dishes, the American crunch salad, with fresh greens, perfectly charred corn bits, kidney beans and a thoughtfully layered hill of crushed nachos on a plate that was packed with flavor and textures — all perfectly balanced and drizzled with their homemade ranch dressing. We rate it as one of the best salads in the area, and for SR 49 ($13), it was well worth the price.

We also ordered the sweet potato fries, which were well-seasoned and felt plentiful. But the best bite was from the chicken bao. At SR 42 for two buns, it was delicious with its pillow-soft dough baked in-house and a great portion of filling in between. They also have a variety of meats and pasta dishes that are wildly popular.

We really loved their theatrical signature nishikigoi drink, which comes with a temporary clear bubble atop the glass that bursts into a plume of smoke. It was a fun conversational beverage that tasted decent enough, but it was more for those wishing to capture it on video for social media posts.

They also offer a variety of desserts, coffees, and mocktails.

For updates and more details, follow them on Instagram @obao_sa.
 


Where We Are Going Today: ‘FistikLava’ in Jeddah

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Updated 26 February 2024
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Where We Are Going Today: ‘FistikLava’ in Jeddah

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  • During Ramadan, FistikLava will offer takeaway boxes of borek pastries, special baklava, ⁠and iftar. Deliveries can be ordered via the Jahez app

A taste of Turkiye is on offer to breakfast diners at FistikLava in Jeddah’s Al-Rawdah district.

The restaurant’s owners have drawn their inspiration from the vibrant Balat district of Istanbul.

Among traditional Turkish dishes included on the menu are borek, pide – which includes options such as beef cubes, mix beefy cheese, and double cheese – and baklava, all freshly made.

The Istanbul and Trabzon breakfasts, a spread of savory and sweet dishes, are a popular choice with customers as is simit – a type of bagel – paired with shakshuka; eggs and tomato cooked together in a skillet.

The borek, a traditional layered pastry made from filo pastry and a filling, comes in several varieties including spinach, minced beef, or cheese, all of which can be washed down with Turkish coffee or tea, among other drinks.

During Ramadan, FistikLava will offer takeaway boxes of borek pastries, special baklava, ⁠and iftar. Deliveries can be ordered via the Jahez app.

More information is available on Instagram at @fistiklava_ksa.

 


Where We Are Going Today: L’Antica Pizzeria Da Michele in Jeddah

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Updated 25 February 2024
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Where We Are Going Today: L’Antica Pizzeria Da Michele in Jeddah

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  • L’Antica Pizzeria Da Michele is more than a mere dining spot; it embodies a 150-year legacy of commitment to mastering the craft of pizza making

L’Antica Pizzeria Da Michele in Jeddah is a slice of Italy brought to Saudi Arabia. Tucked inside Le Prestige Mall on King Abdulaziz Road, this pizzeria is a haven for pizza-lovers seeking an authentic Neapolitan experience.

As soon as you step inside, you are met by "L’italiano" playing in the background, the aroma of freshly baked pizza, and a feeling of Italian charm. The walls are adorned with pictures of Francesco Zimone, the legendary proprietor, and prominent individuals who have savoured the taste of Da Michele’s masterpieces, setting the tone for an unforgettable dining experience.

Established in 1870, this pizzeria remains faithful to its traditions, serving pizzas with thin dough, crispy edges, and high-quality toppings. I chose a half-and-half pizza with margherita on one side (fresh tomato sauce, basil, and cheeses) and tartufo on the other, which had delicious truffle cream and mozzarella. Watching the pizza roast in the brick oven heightened the anticipation.

The flavors were sensational, prompting me to plan a return visit. To round out the meal, I had saffron risotto with Parmesan cheese and a delightful strawberry mojito with a tinge of lemon.

Of course, no Italian meal is complete without dessert. Their tiramisu paired perfectly with a shot of espresso, completing the culinary journey on a sweet note.

L’Antica Pizzeria Da Michele is more than a mere dining spot; it embodies a 150-year legacy of commitment to mastering the craft of pizza making.

For updates and more information, check their Instagram @damichele_sa.

 


Where We Are Going Today: ‘Half Million’ cafe

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Updated 24 February 2024
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Where We Are Going Today: ‘Half Million’ cafe

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  • Half Million also has a wide selection of tempting baked goods on display, all made fresh daily

Need a quick beverage before venturing back into congested city traffic? Look no further than Half Million, a specialty coffee cafe and one of the most popular spots for coffee lovers.  

Half Million has branches around the Kingdom in Riyadh, Jeddah, Sharqiyah, and even in London.

Aside from specialty coffees such as V60, iced drip, cold brew, and signature coffee, Half Million also offers iced lattes, cappuccino, iced cereal lattes, pistachio lattes, and other beverages for those who prefer milk with their coffee.

We also tried their popular hot chocolate and dark chocolate winter drinks, which has become a London branch fad. The dark chocolate is less sweet than usual and costs SR16 ($4.27).  

Half Million also has a wide selection of tempting baked goods on display, all made fresh daily.

A choice of desserts is also available, including pistachio eclairs and brownies, as well as savory delights such as cheesy and zaatar croissants.

The cafe gets its name from the amount of money the project was launched with when two friends decided to leave their hometown of Riyadh and set out on a trip to start their own business.

Filled with determination, they marched into the business world with capital of only SR500,000. However, with the support and encouragement of their local business community, their dream became a reality.

Most Half Million branches are open around the clock. They also deliver via apps such as Hunger Station and Jahez.

For seasonal specials and updates, check out their Instagram @halfmillion_sa.