Jeddah teacher invents Arabic tablet for visually impaired students

Aminah bint Abdullah Al-Zahrani’s Arabic tablet was registered with  the World Intellectual Property Organization. (Supplied)
Aminah bint Abdullah Al-Zahrani’s Arabic tablet was registered with the World Intellectual Property Organization. (Supplied)
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Updated 04 November 2023
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Jeddah teacher invents Arabic tablet for visually impaired students

Aminah bint Abdullah Al-Zahrani’s Arabic tablet was registered with  the World Intellectual Property Organization. (Supplied)
  • Al-Zahrani’s tablet and its Braille cells are user-friendly and precisely sized according to Braille standards

MAKKAH: A Jeddah teacher has been granted a patent for an Arabic tablet that she developed to help visually impaired students perform mathematical calculations.

Aminah bint Abdullah Al-Zahrani’s invention was acknowledged by the King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, and was also registered with the World Intellectual Property Organization.

Al-Zahrani told Arab News that she and a specialized team carried out research into mathematical aids for partially sighted individuals in Canada, the US, and Southeast Asia.




Aminah bint Abdullah Al-Zahrani’s Arabic tablet was registered with  the World Intellectual Property Organization. (Supplied)

“We found that most countries in the world have the same problem, especially in the Gulf and Yemen,” she said.

In 2005, the researchers developed a prototype they described as a “learning tablet in Braille.”

This was developed and expanded until the final form of the invention was reached in 2019.

FASTFACT

Successful trials of the device were conducted at Al-Noor Institute for Girls in Jeddah and Ebsar Foundation, which provides rehabilitation for visually impaired people.

Al-Zahrani said that the tablet allows visually impaired students to carry out math calculations; learn letters, words, and sentences in Arabic and English; and develop familiarity with some other subjects, such as chemistry.

The tablet consists of seven parts: the base, surface, lines set to carry out calculations, Braille cells, a cover, and a hinge to connect the tablet’s cover to its base.

Al-Zahrani said that her experience as a teacher gave her an insight into the shortcomings of existing tools for the visually impaired.

“These tools often lacked the requisite flexibility concerning size, weight, and storage, with components frequently prone to misplacement. Safety was another pressing concern, as certain tools were composed of materials such as lead and iron,” she said.

“The numerical and symbolic representations used in these tools often failed to align with Braille or the content of educational books, adding an extra layer of complexity for students who were already grappling with memorizing multiple sets of symbols.”

Al-Zahrani’s tablet and its Braille cells are user-friendly and precisely sized according to Braille standards.

More importantly, the device ensures the stability of Braille cells during calculations, even when students are on the move, effectively eliminating concerns about misplacement or loss.

The tablet not only enhances the learning experience, but also preserves the sense of touch, a cornerstone of visually impaired education.

At the Al-Noor Institute for Girls in Jeddah, a sample group of female students from various educational levels was used to assess the invention’s practicality and efficacy, with encouraging results.

The institute’s math instructors also endorsed the tablet, and praised its application in teaching languages, arithmetic, and other subjects.

Successful trials of the device were also conducted at the Ebsar Foundation, which provides rehabilitation for visually impaired people.

 


Saudi deputy environment minister says desertification among ‘most pressing environmental challenges of our time’

Saudi deputy environment minister says desertification among ‘most pressing environmental challenges of our time’
Updated 19 June 2024
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Saudi deputy environment minister says desertification among ‘most pressing environmental challenges of our time’

Saudi deputy environment minister says desertification among ‘most pressing environmental challenges of our time’
  • Saudi Arabia has been at the forefront of driving global efforts to combat land degradation and drought
  • The 30th Desertification and Drought Day was hosted by Germany and concluded this week

RIYADH: Desertification and drought are among the most pressing environmental challenges faced by the world, Saudi Deputy Minister of Environment, Water and Agriculture Osama Faqeeha has said.

In a statement marking the 30th anniversary of the UN Convention to Combat Desertification, the minister said land degradation affected up to 40 percent of the world’s land area, resulting in the annual loss of 100 million hectares of healthy land, Saudi Press Agency reported.

Emphasizing the Kingdom’s commitment to sustainable land management, Faqeeha said: “Desertification, land degradation and drought are among the most pressing environmental challenges of our time. This year’s 30th anniversary of the UNCCD coincides with COP16, which is expected to be a pivotal moment for land restoration and sustainable management. Together, we can turn the tide and restore our land. Our future depends on our ability to manage our land sustainably.”

He added that land degradation meant the world lost an area of healthy land equivalent to four football fields every second.

“Healthy land is essential for our future. Let’s unite for sustainable land management,” he said.

Saudi Arabia has been at the forefront of driving global efforts to combat land degradation and drought. Programs such as the Saudi Green Initiative and various land restoration projects were highlighted as models for sustainable development.

The minister said the initiatives not only contributed to environmental sustainability, but also aimed to create economic opportunities and improve the quality of life for communities.

The 30th Desertification and Drought Day was hosted by Germany and concluded this week.

UNCCD Executive Secretary Ibrahim Thiaw said: “This year, we focus on sharing the wisdom of our ancestors with future generations. More than a billion young people under the age of 25 in developing countries depend on land and natural resources. They are key to transforming their communities and driving innovation in sustainable land management”.

Key highlights of the event included a presentation of the new cohort of UNCCD Land Heroes and the unveiling of the UNCCD Youth Engagement Strategy and the Land Youth Negotiators Program.

These initiatives empower young people to transform land management practices and engage in policy-making processes, especially ahead of the upcoming UNCCD COP16 negotiations which will take place in Riyadh from Dec. 2 to 13.


KSrelief distributes sacrificial meat to people in Yemen

KSrelief distributes sacrificial meat to people in Yemen
Updated 19 June 2024
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KSrelief distributes sacrificial meat to people in Yemen

KSrelief distributes sacrificial meat to people in Yemen
  • The distribution in Hadramout and Marib on Tuesday was part of a project being carried out by KSrelief in several Yemeni governorates this year

RIYADH: Saudi aid agency KSrelief distributed the meat from 480 animal carcasses to 6,720 people in Yemen, reported Saudi Press Agency.

The distribution in Hadramout and Marib on Tuesday was part of a project being carried out by KSrelief in several Yemeni governorates this year.

Muslims traditionally sacrifice animals for the Eid feast, with some of the meat given as a gift to those who are less fortunate.

The project aims to provide 2,330 animals for slaughter to benefit 32,620 people in the governorates of Aden, Hadramout, Al-Mahra, Marib, and Lahj and is part of ongoing relief and humanitarian efforts by the Kingdom.

It is hoped the initiative will bring happiness and help support those in need during the Eid Al-Hadha holiday.


Could AI one day perform all of Hajj social services?

The amount of tech integrated into Hajj has been growing year on year. (SPA)
The amount of tech integrated into Hajj has been growing year on year. (SPA)
Updated 19 June 2024
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Could AI one day perform all of Hajj social services?

The amount of tech integrated into Hajj has been growing year on year. (SPA)
  • This year’s Hajj will likely exceed two million pilgrims, more than last year’s 1.8 million
  • Many AI-driven technologies have been introduced to streamline the Hajj process

RIYADH: Like every Dul Hijjah, the last month of the Islamic calendar, millions of Muslims from all over the world have gathered in Saudi Arabia to take part in the ritual of Hajj, one of the world’s largest annual congregations.

Though this massive influx of pilgrims poses a challenge to the limits of the infrastructure and social services of the holy cities of Makkah and Madinah, the Kingdom was well prepared to handle this year’s Hajj.

Social workers whose job it is to make the Hajj experience better for visitors, are a staple of the pilgrimage. (SPA)

As Saudi Arabia’s technological capabilities steadily expand, the country’s authorities have taken to using robotic social workers to make this spiritual experience of a lifetime unforgettable.

An estimated 1,845,045 pilgrims, 90 percent of whom came from outside the country, participated in Hajj last year, according to the Saudi General Authority for Statistics.

FASTFACT

Saudi Arabia has extensive experience with the use of tech during Hajj, particularly during the challenging post-COVID-19 seasons.

Social workers whose job it is to help make the Hajj experience better for visitors have long been a staple of the pilgrimage at every relevant location in Makkah and Madinah.

The amount of tech integrated into Hajj has been growing year on year. (SPA)

They play a vital role in supporting and assisting a pilgrim’s needs. However, the sheer scale of the event has some wondering whether artificial intelligence could complement, and even replace, certain social work functions.

Saudi Arabia has extensive experience with the use of technology during Hajj, particularly during the challenging post-COVID-19 seasons. Last year, the Kingdom’s Tourism Authority launched the Nusuk platform to streamline planning and booking for the entire Hajj experience.

The amount of tech integrated into Hajj has been growing year on year. (SPA)

Smart robots have been used for several years, working in the fields of disinfection and sterilization and the distribution of Zamzam water.

Last year’s Hajj also saw the use of AI-enabled robots which communicated with pilgrims in 11 languages to guide them through the performance of religious rituals and offer assistance. A number of advanced technologies have already been introduced this Hajj season.

The amount of tech integrated into Hajj has been growing year on year. (SPA)

On June 12, several officials from the Saudi Ministry of Transport and Logistic Services and the General Authority of Civil Aviation witnessed the launch of a self-driving — or, rather, self-flying — aerial taxi service in Makkah.

The Saudi Authority for Data and Artificial Intelligence has also deployed AI technology to improve the entry process for pilgrims, equipping more than a dozen entry points in the country.

Pilgrims arriving to take part in the ritual of Hajj, one of the world’s largest annual congregations. (File/@haramainrailway)

Drones have been monitoring the flow of pilgrims in Makkah around the clock to ensure a smooth experience, and field monitors wearing augmented reality glasses are overseeing transportation and traffic patterns.

For the elderly and those with disabilities, the new technologies are a welcome improvement. Smart golf carts and electric scooters for those with mobility issues can be reserved by pilgrims; their use has improved the flow of traffic in the holy cities.

Last year, Saudi Arabia welcomed more than 1.8 million pilgrims — some 90 percent of them from overseas. (@HajMinistry)

Saudi technology to benefit pilgrims has expanded even outside of the typical social services. For instance, this season an elderly Chinese pilgrim received a lifesaving, highly advanced wireless pacemaker at the King Abdullah Medical City in Makkah after experiencing arrhythmia.

AI-powered systems can optimize the scheduling and flow of pilgrims, manage crowd control, and ensure efficient distribution of resources.

With the amount of technology integrated into Hajj growing year after year, some may wonder what is in store for the use of AI during the pilgrimage. As in previous years, the Kingdom has continued to ensure that social services are readily available to all pilgrims.

The amount of tech integrated into Hajj has been growing year on year. (SPA)

Saudi Arabia’s Ministry of Human Resources and Social Development announced this year the launch of Ajeer Al-Hajj, a service that enables businesses to hire seasonal workers specifically for the Hajj period.

The service allows facilities working during the Hajj season to cover the number of workers needed and contributes to serving pilgrims.

The amount of tech integrated into Hajj has been growing year on year. (SPA)

Social workers are entrusted with a variety of duties including helping pilgrims navigate their religious journey, assisting in emergency help with medical staff such as giving medical and psychological support to people at sites, reuniting separated or lost family members, and guiding pilgrims through crowded places.

These tasks require organization skills, language proficiency, cultural sensitivity, and quick responses to orders — all of which AI has the potential to excel at.

One of the services the Kingdom has been providing for decades for its visitors during this religious holiday is social service. At every location, there are social workers to ensure that pilgrims receive safe and best quality experience during Hajj. (AN photo by Huda Bashatah)

Abeer Alomrani, a Saudi AI consultant, says that while it has the potential to significantly support and enhance the efficiency of operations during Hajj, AI cannot replace human creativity, complex moral judgment and deep cultural sensitivity.

“AI can excel in tasks that require data management and logistical planning. For instance, AI-powered systems can optimize the scheduling and flow of pilgrims, manage crowd control, and ensure efficient distribution of resources,” she said.

The amount of tech integrated into Hajj has been growing year on year. (SPA)

“These systems can analyze real-time data to adjust plans dynamically, helping to prevent bottlenecks and manage emergency situations efficiently.”

AI and virtual assistants have already been used to help pilgrims with accessing information and assist in locating missing people. Computer vision and natural language processing algorithms could also help with communication to serve pilgrims who may not speak the local language.

“AI-powered translation tools and natural language processing systems are highly adept at breaking down language barriers. These tools can provide real-time translation services to assist pilgrims from diverse linguistic backgrounds, ensuring that communication is clear and effective,” Alomrani said.

However, there have been concerns regarding AI and whether it can compare with humans in terms of creating genuine experiences for pilgrims. After all, computers cannot offer the empathy or emotional support that human social workers can provide.

Dr. Amal Salamah, a family medicine consultant, explained to Arab News the necessity of human interactions to solve health problems between patients and doctors.

“Some medical rules cannot be replaced, especially the ones that have direct contact with patients,” she said. “Empathy can’t be provided by robots. In our career, one plus one does not necessarily equal two. You might need to provide more. We always need to work by equity.”

Others believe that a hybrid approach, where AI can perform routine tasks and process large amounts of data while social workers focus on complex duties that require emotional intelligence, could be a promising way forward for the future of Hajj.

Alomrani strongly supports the use of a hybrid model and describes it as “the best approach.”

Through a hybrid method, social workers would feel comfortable and would have the time to “focus on the personal, empathetic interactions and decision-making that require a human touch,” she said.

“This synergy could ensure that the spiritual and logistical elements of Hajj are both honored and efficiently managed.”

As technology advances, AI will undoubtedly play a larger role in social services during Hajj season in the future.

Special care is needed to ensure that the new technologies being introduced operate with suitable cultural and religious context for the religious ritual.

While AI may never be able to replace human workers, it can contribute to Saudi Arabia’s ultimate goal of improving the quality of services and offering exceptional experiences to the millions of Hajj pilgrims every year.

 


Saudi authorities thwart drug smuggling across KSA

Saudi authorities thwart drug smuggling across KSA
Updated 19 June 2024
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Saudi authorities thwart drug smuggling across KSA

Saudi authorities thwart drug smuggling across KSA
  • Saudi security authorities urged people to report any activities related to drug smuggling or promotion by calling 911 in the Makkah, Riyadh and Eastern Province regions, and 999 in the rest of Saudi Arabia’s regions

RIYADH: Saudi Arabia’s drug control authority arrested several people involved in smuggling, and seized large quantities of narcotics after operations across Saudi Arabia, the Saudi Press Agency reported Tuesday.

Border Guard land patrols in Rabwa, Asir province, arrested 15 violators, Ethiopians and Yemenis, for smuggling 300 kg of khat.

Additionally, security patrols in Jazan region have arrested two Yemenis and four Saudis after finding them in possession of 196 kg of hashish and 7,227 amphetamine tablets.

Another raid by Border Guards in Al-Dair, Jazan province, thwarted smuggling of 450 kg of khat.

Saudi security authorities urged people to report any activities related to drug smuggling or promotion by calling 911 in the Makkah, Riyadh and Eastern Province regions, and 999 in the rest of Saudi Arabia’s regions.

Alternatively, information can be emailed to [email protected]. All reports are treated confidentially.

 


Saudi crown prince, Canadian prime minister discuss relations during call

Saudi crown prince, Canadian prime minister discuss relations during call
Updated 18 June 2024
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Saudi crown prince, Canadian prime minister discuss relations during call

Saudi crown prince, Canadian prime minister discuss relations during call
  • Number of regional and international issues and recent repercussions also reviewed

JEDDAH: Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman and Canadian prime minister Justin Trudeau spoke on the phone on Tuesday, Saudi Press Agency reported.

During the call, the development of relations between the two countries and ways to enhance them in various fields were reviewed.

A number of regional and international issues and their recent repercussions, as well as international efforts made regarding achieving security and stability, were also discussed.