Rain-starved UAE sees silver lining in cloud seeding

Rain-starved UAE sees silver lining in cloud seeding
Updated 26 July 2015

Rain-starved UAE sees silver lining in cloud seeding

Rain-starved UAE sees silver lining in cloud seeding

AL-AIN, United Arab Emirates: The UAE, one of the world’s most arid countries, is striving to capture every drop of rain it can wring from the clouds that pass over the desert nation.
In the blazing sunshine at Al-Ain airport, a twin-propeller Beechcraft stands ready to fly into action at a moment’s notice on a cloud-seeding mission.
The plane is armed with salt flares that are fired into a promising cloud to increase condensation and hopefully trigger a downpour.
The UAE ranks among the world’s top 10 driest countries.
Its annual rainfall stands at 78 millimeters (three inches), more than 15 times less than what falls in an average year in the United Kingdom.
The UAE’s National Center of Meteorology and Seismology (NCMS) runs the so-called cloud seeding program.
Its Abu Dhabi-based forecasters monitor weather radars to tell pilots when to take off on rainfall-inducing sorties. “As soon as they see some convective cloud formations, they launch us on a flight to investigate” to try “to seed the cloud,” said Mark Newman, deputy chief pilot at NCMS.
Speaking at the base for a fleet of four Beechcraft King Air C90 aircraft, Newman said summer is usually the busiest season.
That is when clouds form over the eastern Al-Hajar mountains which deflect the warm wind blowing from the Gulf of Oman.
The strength of the updraft determines the number of flares fired as the plane explores the base of the forming cloud.
“If we’ve got a mild updraft, we usually burn one or two flares. If we’ve got a good updraft, we burn four, sometimes six flares into the cloud,” he said.
Not all seeded clouds produce rainfall, but it happens often, said Newman.”It is fantastic... As soon as there is rain, there is a lot of excitement. We can hear the guys in the office are happy,” he said. The effectiveness of cloud seeding in increasing rainfall has often been questioned.
However, US ski resorts in Colorado reportedly use the method to induce heavier snowfall.
China also used rain dispersal technology to ensure dry weather during the opening of the 2008 Beijing Olympics.
To cover its surging water needs, driven by rapid economic growth and a large influx of foreigners, the UAE has resorted mainly to desalination.
The Gulf country accounts for 14 percent of the world’s desalinated water and is the second largest producer after Saudi Arabia.
Rain triggered through cloud seeding is much cheaper than desalinated water, according to Omar Al-Yazeedi, head of research at NCMS.
In 2010, four days of heavy rain induced by cloud seeding brought downpours equivalent to the nine-year output of a single desalination plant in Abu Dhabi, he said. “This shows that there is a huge amount of water that could be tapped... It is a source that can not be ignored,” he said.
Studies show that cloud seeding can increase the amount of rain by between five and 70 percent, depending on the quality of the clouds, he said.
The UAE is also looking into methods to preserve the rain that does hit the ground, instead of allowing it to quickly evaporate or flow off into the sea. It has built dams and reservoirs to gather water that flood desert wadis.