Focus: Oil, WTI’S moment of truth

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Updated 21 April 2020

Focus: Oil, WTI’S moment of truth

What happened:

Monday was a historic day for oil. The May contract for WTI fell below zero for the first time in history. It reached -$37.63 per barrel at the end of the US trading session. The June contract closed at 20.43 per barrel. Brent closed at a very low $25.60 and stood at 23.80 in early afternoon trade in London, at which time WTI traded at minus $6.3 per barrel.

The price range is an indication of the fact that the world is running out of storage space, particularly in the US.

Markets turned negative on the news flow in the oil sector, which was exacerbated in Asia on reports that North Korean leader Kim Jong Un was critically ill, inserting a whiff of geopolitical risk.

President Donald Trump tweeted that he would suspend immigration temporarily, reflecting the huge increase in jobless claims of 22 million over the span of four weeks, which is again unprecedented.

Virgin Atlantic Australia went into administration, asking for commercial loans from the government.

As the earnings season continued it became clear that more and more companies were asking to have their guidance disregarded, and that other metrics would take precedence. This is because there is very little visibility on how the economy evolves going forward.

Background:

We should not forget that the WTI benchmark is set at Cushing, which has essentially run out of storage in as much as it is either full or spoken for. In other words, WTI crude for the May contract has nowhere to go.

Brent, which is a seaborne benchmark, trades globally and is therefore in a better position than WTI which is essentially landlocked and has nowhere to go -- notwithstanding that in real terms the commodity has not traded at such low levels since 1971.

According to the International Energy Agency, oil demand will decline by 29 million barrels per day (bpd) in April and 23 million bpd for the second quarter. The OPEC+ production cut of 9.7 million bpd pales in light of this unprecedented demand destruction. In other words, the current deterioration in the oil market and the resulting dislocation is beyond anybody’s control.

The ripple effects of this price deterioration will go beyond the oil sector. Many shale oil producers are being eased out because they have a relatively high cost base and also high leverage. They cannot service their debt at current oil prices. This will in turn have an impact on the loan portfolio of several lenders with high exposure to the shale space. Banks with outstanding hedges at higher prices will similarly be affected.

The sector has lost 51,000 jobs since the outbreak, leaving a dent on the unemployment numbers.

Where we go from here:

The May contract expires on Tuesday at 14:30 EDST. Negative sentiment has already rolled to the June contract, which stood at around $11 late morning CEST.

This can easily be explained by the fact that investors who felt that the market had bottomed out poured huge sums into exchange-traded funds on longer-dated contracts -- $4.3 billion since the beginning of the crisis and $1.6 billion last week alone. These contracts will now need to be rolled over.

A lot will depend on how the storage situation evolves, which in turn depends on how quickly the US and other advanced emerging economies will come out of the crisis, as well as on the shape and pace of any recovery.

The current developments will have ramifications on major oil-producing countries, like Saudi Arabia, the UAE or Russia. Low oil prices will impose a limitation on spending and reform programs. It is also reflected in the currencies of major crude oil exporters, which do not have a dollar peg – which again is different in the Gulf Cooperation Council. 

 

— Cornelia Meyer is a Ph.D.-level economist with 30 years of experience in investment banking and industry. She is chairperson and CEO of business consultancy Meyer Resources.

Twitter: @MeyerResources


5 Reasons to add green tea to your diet

Updated 10 min 48 sec ago

5 Reasons to add green tea to your diet

DUBAI: Devinder Bains, personal trainer and nutrition coach at Fit Squad DXB, shares her bite-sized advice on the superfoods that will help you lead a longer and healthier life…

Most of us love a nice cup of tea, in fact it’s the second most popular beverage in the world after water. But how about swapping your usual brew for an antioxidant-rich, zero-calorie, low caffeine green tea instead? Available from supermarkets and specialist shops alike, green tea comes in a variety of types and flavors and is stacked with health benefits.

Treatment for skin disorders

This little “super” tea not only eases skin irritations when you drink it but can also be applied directly to the concerned area. Green tea is rich in a powerful antioxidant called EGCG that some people think might help to prevent skin cancer and is high in catechins that are lauded for their anti-inflammatory properties. It can combat acne, psoriasis, dandruff and patches of dry, red flaky skin.

Increases lifespan

This might sound strange but a study of 40,000 healthy Japanese people aged between 40 and 79 showed that those who were drinking five cups of green tea a day lived longer than those who were consuming one cup or less.

Good for your body

Swapping a milky, sugary cuppa for a calorie-free green tea has obvious benefits, but this super drink also contains antioxidants that can help to increase metabolism and caffeine that can aid in fat burning and also improve exercise performance. Drinking three to five cups a day could have you on your way to losing weight.

Good for your brain

Research suggests that green tea can enhance our cognitive functions, particularly the working memory. It could also have a role in the treatment of dementia, as studies using green tea extract have shown positive effects on a key protein linked to Alzheimer’s disease.

Good for your heart

Drinking four cups of green tea a day might reduce your risk of suffering a stroke by up to a massive 20 percent. It could be down to the catechins which help regulate blood pressure and help improve blood flow. The results were found in a study on 82,369 men and women in Japan. Research in the US has also shown reductions in heart disease in those consuming green tea.