LONDON: The dramatic moment when an Al Arabiya TV crew was caught in a Daesh ambush on Thursday in the northwestern Syrian city of Al-Hasakah was captured live on air.
The channel broadcast the video of Daesh fighters firing on the news team, Kurdish, and US forces with footage showing members of the film crew taking refuge behind a car.
The news presenter is heard saying, “we have been caught in crossfire, Al Arabiya crew has been caught in crossfire after Daesh fighters moved in the vicinity of the prison.”
The incident came after Kurdish forces, backed by US-led anti-Daesh coalition forces, recaptured Ghwayran prison in Al-Hasakah after six days of fighting sparked by a Daesh attempt to free jailed fighters.
The jail held about 3,500 Daesh prisoners when the initial attack was launched on Jan. 20 using explosive-laden vehicles driven by suicide bombers.
The prison break bid and the fighting that ensued immediately after resulted in the death of more than 200 people, including 124 Daesh militants, 50 Kurdish fighters, and seven civilians. More casualties were expected to be found as Kurdish forces gained access to all parts of the jail.
The heavy fighting saw Daesh fighters seize control of a north wing in the prison, using child inmates as human shields. According to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, at least 850 children and minors were caught in crossfire when Kurdish forces stormed the jail.
Ghwayran prison is one of the largest facilities where the Kurdish administration holds Daesh detainees.
Conflicts seen fueling world’s $78 billion annual fake news industry
New research reveals annual cost to businesses worldwide of an online phenomenon with real world consequences
Areas of conflict and instability, such as Ukraine and Ethiopia, are hotspots of disinformation
Updated 25 sec ago
Rebecca Anne Proctor
DUBAI: Social media has transfixed the world. But the near-limitless freedom of expression and mass communication it provides have made its users vulnerable to misinformation and the platforms susceptible to misuse.
As a result, the term “fake news” has entered public consciousness and vernacular the world over. The threats posed by fake news are real — and they are here to stay.
According to new research from the University of Baltimore and AI and cybersecurity company CHEQ, fake news articles spread on the internet cost the world economy roughly $78 billion a year.
The general consensus among experts is that fake news has reached a dangerous level and now has the capacity to directly affect company share prices — in some cases overnight.
A panel at the Arab Women Forum, held in Dubai on May 17, examined the risk posed to businesses by disinformation campaigns resulting from geo-economic rivalries or cyber-bullying.
Participants on the panel included Arab News Editor-in-Chief Faisal J. Abbas; Khalid Abdulla Janahi, the group chief executive officer of Dar Al-Maal Al-Islami Trust; Hussein Freijeh, general manager of Snap Inc. for the MENA region; and Thomas Hughes, executive director of Meta’s oversight board.
Speaking ahead of the event, Hughes told Arab News that social media companies have a role to play in combating fake news.
“Content moderation policies have to be crafted in a way that reflects the kinds of standards we want to set globally,” he said.
“As the (oversight) board cannot hear every appeal, when we select cases, we are thinking about what kind of precedent our decision might create, and we prioritize cases that have the potential to affect lots of users around the world, are of critical importance to public discourse or raise important questions about Meta’s policies.”
He added that Meta — formerly known as Facebook — has already issued more than 100 recommendations and committed to implementing the majority of them.
But conflicts like those raging in Ukraine and Ethiopia, according to Hughes, add fuel to the fire of fake news.
Conflict and instability “unfortunately, go hand in hand with rises in mis- and disinformation — although this issue is very much global,” said Hughes.
According to Abbas, while much of the discourse on fake news is focused on social media, disinformation has existed for far longer than Facebook, Twitter and WhatsApp.
“It is important to remember that fake news was not created with the invention of social media, it goes back to the beginning of time,” he said. “It has taken many shapes, ways and forms — everything from writings on the wall, brochures, magazines, newspapers, radio, and television.”
He added: “The latest reincarnation is social media. However, with the advancement of technology, the tools are now available for everybody and the barriers to entry have been put down. Most importantly, the speed of spreading has increased and this is what makes (fake news) more dangerous than ever.”
The Arab News editor-in-chief said: “I firmly believe that the role and the importance of journalists is as important as ever. However, we cannot do this without proper artificial intelligence tools. What technology ruined, only technology can fix.”
Journalists can play a key role in tackling fake news, according to Hughes, which is why many of Meta’s board members have worked in the traditional media in the past.
“They feel passionately about these issues and about ensuring that more is done to protect journalists and free speech, while also working to protect people from harm.”
Senior Jerusalem Catholics condemn behavior of Israeli police at journalist’s funeral
The Vatican’s representative in the holy city claims raid on funeral of Shireen Abu Akleh on Friday breached 1993 religious freedom agreement
Catholic patriarch of Jerusalem slams ‘severe violation of international norms and regulations’
Updated 17 May 2022
LONDON: Senior Roman Catholic figures in Jerusalem said Israel “brutally” violated religious freedom in the city after police confronted mourners at the funeral procession of Palestinian-American journalist Shireen Abu Akleh on Friday.
Police beat people carrying Abu Akleh’s coffin from St. Joseph Hospital and fired stun grenades at the crowd.
Monsignor Tomasz Grysa, the Vatican’s representative in Jerusalem, said the incident violated a 1993 agreement between the Holy See and Israel that “upholds and observes the human right of freedom of religion, which in this case has been brutally violated.”
Archbishop Pierbattista Pizzaballa, the Roman Catholic patriarch of Jerusalem, added: “The Israel Police’s invasion and disproportionate use of force — attacking mourners, striking them with batons, using smoke grenades, shooting rubber bullets, frightening the hospital patients — is a severe violation of international norms and regulations, including the fundamental human right of freedom of religion.”
The statements came as part of a series of condemnations made in a press conference at St. Joseph Hospital by the leaders of 15 religious denominations based in the city.
Jamil Koussa, the hospital’s director, said he believed the police targeted Abu Akleh’s coffin, not just the mourners, in an effort to intimidate and “horrify” onlookers.
A number of medical staff were also injured by the police after they stormed the hospital. Dr. Mohammed Hmeidat, who works in the neonatal intensive care unit, told the BBC he was burned by a stun grenade.
“One of them was very close to my feet, and [it] exploded. After that, we hurried to the emergency department and [the police] also followed us [there],” he said.
Israeli law enforcement warned Jerusalem’s religious figures against making “extreme statements, which include assertions about events that are still being examined, only stir up emotions and are not responsible.
“We expect clerics to help calm the area and avoid statements that agitate it.”
Abu Akleh, an Al Jazeera journalist and a Christian, was shot while covering an Israeli military raid in a Palestinian refugee camp in the occupied West Bank city of Jenin on Wednesday.
The Israel Defense Forces initially denied they were responsible for her death, but amid evidence from eyewitnesses that the fatal shot came from IDF personnel, they have since opened an investigation into the activity of their soldiers during the operation.
Israeli police, meanwhile, claimed intervention in her funeral was necessary as the journalist’s family had planned to use a hearse to transport the coffin from the hospital but the crowd had threatened the driver and appropriated the body against their wishes.
“Police were present at the incident to maintain public order and to allow the funeral to take place when there were extremists on the ground who provoked and engaged in an attempt to turn the funeral into a violent event,” the police said in a statement.
However, Abu Akleh’s brother, Tony Abu Akleh, told the BBC: “Everybody saw the pallbearers beaten savagely by batons without any mercy, without any respect to the funeral, to the dead.
“This was a national funeral for all the Palestinians to participate in…[The police] had no business to do [what they did] at the gate.”
Abu Akleh’s niece, Lina, told the BBC: “I honestly was very afraid…because [the police] started throwing stun grenades, and one of them actually threatened to beat me if I don’t move out of the way,” she said.
There isn’t enough moderation in Arabic and non-English languages, Meta Oversight Board’s Head of Global Engagement tells AWF forum in Dubai
When it comes to content moderation, Meta and its various social-media platforms have time and again attracted criticism
Updated 17 May 2022
DUBAI: There is not enough Arabic and non-English-language content moderation online, the head of global engagement for Meta’s Oversight Board, Rachel Wolbers, said at the Arab Women Forum conference in Dubai on Tuesday.
“Meta and Facebook are making numerous efforts to detect fake news,” Wolbers told the audience, adding, “Detecting misinformation is a hard process.”
“I would not ignore that the company is not doing enough; the board is constantly pushing for this — it is not well developed, not well invested in” in comparison to English-language moderation, she continued.
When it comes to content moderation, Meta and its various social-media platforms have time and again attracted criticism as racism, extremism and anti-social behavior surfaced across them. The company set up the independent Oversight Board to moderate such content.
However, Arab News Editor-in-Chief Faisal J. Abbas questioned whether the board can truly make a significant difference.
“As much as I am in favor of having an oversight board at Facebook, at Twitter or at Snap or TikTok…how much say do they really have?” he asked. “How much can they really do?”
Snap Inc’s MENA GM Hussein Freijeh claimed that social-media technology itself was neither good nor bad — it depends on the user.
“Snapchat works with regional cultural dynamics in terms of security and content. Snapchat is considered a useful tool for content creators,” Freijeh said.
While fake news was in no way created by social media, the sheer speed and accessibility the networks provide means that harmful and malicious behavior now has a greater reach than ever before.
“Social media gave people freedom,” Khaled Janahi, the Chairman of Vision 3, told the panel but warned that people needed to use it correctly.
Abbas said: “Nobody is against freedom but we should also be against chaos.”
He explained: “We are talking about billions of people, billions of posts, it is physically impossible to monitor everything and by the time they get to it, the damage would most probably have been done.
“If you remember from 2016 the fake story which was spreading on Facebook and other platforms about the pizzeria that had a child abuse ring, and somebody took a gun and went and shot up the place,” the editor continued, referring to PizzaGate — a conspiracy theory that received widespread attention on social media and led to severe consequences, including the ‘creation’ of a fake newspaper, the Denver Guardian, which claimed to have hacked into former secretary of state and presidential runner-up Hillary Clinton’s emails and discovered a Democrat-run child prostitution ring.
“The story got more views than the rebuttals. The more crazy the news, the more content it creates, the more websites like Facebook get traction,” Abbas said. “There is no end to fake news but we must continue to battle it.”
Russia not planning to block YouTube, says digital development minister
Russia has blocked other foreign social media platforms
Moscow restricted access to Twitter, Facebook and Instagram in early March
Updated 17 May 2022
Russia is not planning to block Alphabet Inc’s YouTube, the minister for digital development said on Tuesday, acknowledging that such a move would likely see Russian users suffer and should therefore be avoided.
Russia has blocked other foreign social media platforms, but despite months of fines and threats against YouTube for failing to delete content Moscow deems illegal and for restricting access to some Russian media, it has stopped short of delivering a killer blow to the video-hosting service.
With around 90 million monthly users in Russia, YouTube is extremely popular and plays an important role in the digital economy. Though Russia has domestic versions of other social media, a viable YouTube alternative on that scale is yet to emerge.
“We are not planning to close YouTube,” Maksut Shadaev, who is also minister of communications and mass media, told an educational forum. “Above all, when we restrict something, we should clearly understand that our users won’t suffer.”
Competition is the engine of progress and blocking is an extreme measure, he told a vast auditorium of mostly young Russians, some scattered around the room on bean bags.
Alphabet’s Google did not immediately respond to a request for comment.
Simmering tensions between Moscow and Big Tech erupted into a full-on information battle after Russia sent tens of thousands of troops into Ukraine on Feb. 24.
Russia restricted access to Twitter and Meta Platform’s Facebook and Instagram in early March. It vowed in April to punish Google for shutting out Russian state-funded media globally on YouTube, accusing it of spreading fakes about what Russia calls its special military operation in Ukraine.
Elon Musk says Twitter purchase will not go ahead without clarity on spam accounts
‘Yesterday, Twitter’s CEO publicly refused to show proof of <5 percent. This deal cannot move forward until he does’
Updated 17 May 2022
NEW YORK: Billionaire Elon Musk said Tuesday that his purchase of Twitter would not go ahead unless he was assured that fewer than five percent of accounts on the platform were fake.
“Yesterday, Twitter’s CEO publicly refused to show proof of <5 percent,” tweeted Musk, who has almost 94 million followers on the social network.
“This deal cannot move forward until he does.”