PARIS: Global carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuel combustion are expected to grow just 1 percent this year despite concerns over the impact of the energy crisis, the International Energy Agency said Wednesday, amid bumper growth for renewable energy.
The IEA predicted that the carbon dioxide emitted for energy by burning oil, gas and coal would stand at 33.8 billion tons in 2022, more than 300 million tons more than in 2021.
That increase was, however, far smaller than the 2-billion-ton jump the world experienced last year as countries turned to fossil fuels to power their COVID-19 recoveries, it added.
The UN says greenhouse gas emissions must be halved by 2030 to keep the Paris Agreement temperature goals within reach — effectively a drop of some eight percent each year this decade.
The energy crisis sparked by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine propped up some coal demand this year due to hikes in natural gas prices, said the IEA.
But the relatively small increase in coal emissions had been offset by widespread deployment of renewable tech, including electric vehicles — and this had prevented a CO2 rise of some 1 billion tons in 2022.
“The encouraging news is that solar and wind are filling much of the gap, with the uptick in coal appearing to be relatively small and temporary,” said IEA Executive Director Fatih Birol.
“This means that CO2 emissions are growing far less quickly this year than some people feared — and that policy actions by governments are driving real structural changes in the energy economy.”
The IEA analysis showed that solar photovoltaic and wind capacity grew by more than 700 terawatt-hours in 2022, the largest single year rise on record.
Birol said the trend is due to continue “thanks to the major clean energy policy plans that have advanced around the world in recent months.”
Coal was expected to register the next largest increase due to high gas prices, rising 200 millions tons in terms of CO2, or around 2 percent year-on-year.
The IEA said emissions in Europe were likely to fall slightly this year and continue their downward trajectory with a spate of new renewable projects slated for next year.
In China, the world’s largest polluter, emissions will stay largely flat in 2022, it said.