An inside job: How a Jewish terror group broke hundreds out of a British jail in Palestine

The Irgun was responsible for a number of terror attacks in Palestine in the 1940s, including the King David Hotel attack (pictured), which killed 92 people. (File/Reuters)
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Updated 31 August 2020

An inside job: How a Jewish terror group broke hundreds out of a British jail in Palestine

  • The Irgun ‘actually had the plans of the whole prison from the guy who made it,’ says great-nephew

LONDON: New information from the family of a British civil servant has revealed that a legendary 1947 breakout from a British prison in Palestine was an inside job by the jail’s own architect.

The Acre Prison break is said to have exposed the British Empire’s ailing grip on Palestine, and until now, details of how the Jewish terrorist group Irgun managed to break 250 people out of the jail have been shrouded in mystery.

But Gil Margulis, the great-nephew of Peres Etkes, the prominent engineer and architect who built the prison, told The Guardian newspaper: “They (the Irgun) actually had the plans of the whole prison from the guy who made it.”

Margulis added: “I was reading the history and people keep saying, ‘How did they do it? How did it happen’? Sometimes you need a little insider information. Well, they had a lot of insider information — they had the exact plans.”

The well-executed raid involved diversionary explosives, seizing adjacent buildings and blowing holes through walls — a strategy only made possible by in-depth knowledge of the prison’s interior.

In the 1950s, Etkes revealed to his family that he shared the plans with the Irgun “because the prison was like a fortress, and unless they had the map, there was no way to get out.”

Etkes was a celebrated engineer who was decorated for his role in developing ports and road systems in Palestine when it was under British mandate. This was key to the UK’s war effort against Germany.

But it has now come to light that his real motivations lay in the pursuit of the Zionist project to establish Israel — his work for Britain just happened to align with those goals.

“It wasn’t an anti-British thing,” Margulis said. “For a period, the empire and the Zionist movement were kind of walking in the same direction with different goals. For him, building the country was a big thing, and he was able to do that with the empire putting resources in.” 

Half-written memoirs written by Etkes and shared by Margulis also tell the story of the former’s role in illegally supplying Jewish terrorist groups with weapons taken from British armories in the 1920s. Those weapons were used by Jewish forces in Tel Aviv during Arab riots.

Britain discovered Etkes’s role in trafficking the weapons, but he was never punished and later received the King’s Medal for Service in the Cause of Freedom for his role in building infrastructure in Palestine on behalf of the UK.

Etkes never lifted his silence on his role in the prison break, Margulis said, because “for the rest of his life, he had a nice British pension.”


France recalls Turkey envoy after Erdogan ‘mental health’ jibe at Macron

Updated 13 min 49 sec ago

France recalls Turkey envoy after Erdogan ‘mental health’ jibe at Macron

  • France and its NATO ally are at loggerheads over a range of issues including maritime rights in the eastern Mediterranean
  • Ankara has now been particularly incensed by a campaign championed by Macron to protect France’s secular values against radical Islam

ISTANBUL: France on Saturday said it was recalling its envoy to Turkey for consultations after comments by Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan suggesting French counterpart Emmanuel Macron needed a mental health check-up that Paris condemned as unacceptable.
France and its NATO ally are at loggerheads over a range of issues including maritime rights in the eastern Mediterranean, Libya, Syria and the escalating conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh.
But Ankara has now been particularly incensed by a campaign championed by Macron to protect France’s secular values against radical Islam, a debate given new impetus by the murder this month of a teacher who showed his class a cartoon of the prophet Mohammed.
“What can one say about a head of state who treats millions of members from different faith groups this way: first of all, have mental checks,” Erdogan said in a televised address in the central Anatolian city of Kayseri.
“What’s the problem of the individual called Macron with Islam and with the Muslims?” Erdogan asked.
“Macron needs mental treatment,” Erdogan added, while indicating he did not expect the French leader to win a new mandate in 2022 elections.
In a highly unusual move, a French presidential official said that the French ambassador to Turkey was being recalled from Ankara for consultations and would meet Macron to discuss the situation in the wake of Erdogan’s outburst.
“President Erdogan’s comments are unacceptable. Excess and rudeness are not a method. We demand that Erdogan change the course of his policy because it is dangerous in every respect,” the official told AFP.
The Elysee official, who asked not to be named, also said that France had noted “the absence of messages of condolence and support” from the Turkish president after the beheading of teacher Samuel Paty outside Paris.
The official also expressed concern over calls by Ankara for a boycott of French goods.
Macron this month described Islam as a religion “in crisis” worldwide and said the government would present a bill in December to strengthen a 1905 law that officially separated church and state in France.
He announced stricter oversight of schooling and better control over foreign funding of mosques.
But the debate over the role of Islam in France has hit a new intensity after the beheading of Paty, which prosecutors say was carried out by an 18-year-old Chechen who had contact with a jihadist in Syria.
Turkey is a majority Muslim but secular country which is a part of NATO but not the EU, where its membership bid has stalled for decades over a range of disputes.
“You are constantly picking on Erdogan. This will not earn you anything,” said the Turkish leader.
“There will be elections (in France) ... We will see your (Macron’s) fate. I don’t think he has a long way to go. Why? He has not achieved anything for France and he should do for himself.”
The other new rift between the two leaders is over Nagorno-Karabakh — a majority ethnic Armenian breakaway region inside Azerbaijan, which declared independence as the USSR fell, sparking a war in the early 1990s that claimed 30,000 lives.
Turkey is strongly backing Azerbaijan in the conflict but has denied allegations by Macron that Ankara has sent hundreds of Syrian militia fighters to help Azerbaijan.
Erdogan on Saturday accused France — which along with Russia and the United States co-chairs the Minsk Group tasked with resolving the conflict — of “being behind the disasters and the occupations in Azerbaijan.”
He also repeated previous claims that France, which has a strong Armenian community, is arming Yerevan. “You think you will restore peace with the arms you are sending to Armenians. You cannot because you are not honest.”
But the Elysee official said that Erdogan had two months to reply to the demands for a change in stance and that it ends its “dangerous adventures” in the eastern Mediterranean and “irresponsible conduct” over Karabakh.
“Measures need to be taken by the end of the year,” said the official.