How Middle East and North African countries can give young populations a crack at prosperity

Whether it be in Saudi Arabia, UAE or Tunisia, ensuring young people receive the best possible life chances ought to be a top priority for leaders concerned about the region’s future prosperity says McKinsey & Co. (AFP/File Photos)
Whether it be in Saudi Arabia, UAE or Tunisia, ensuring young people receive the best possible life chances ought to be a top priority for leaders concerned about the region’s future prosperity says McKinsey & Co. (AFP/File Photos)
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Updated 04 September 2021

How Middle East and North African countries can give young populations a crack at prosperity

Whether it be in Saudi Arabia, UAE or Tunisia, ensuring young people receive the best possible life chances ought to be a top priority for leaders concerned about the region’s future prosperity says McKinsey & Co. (AFP/File Photos)
  • Without reform, young people in the region face multiple structural barriers to sustainable socio-economic development
  • McKinsey has outlined seven “game-changing opportunities” to create 100 million jobs and double economic output

DUBAI: Young people are the future, it is often said, and nowhere is this more evident than in the Middle East, North Africa and Pakistan, where they make up some 60 percent of the population.

However, for many young people in the region, war, economic weakness, climate pressures and poor governance have left them bereft of opportunities to work, study, establish their own business or climb the social ladder.

Indeed, regional youth unemployment rates remain stubbornly high, even among the well educated, while gender disparity in the workforce squanders the potential of half the population.

As daunting as the challenges are, management consultancy McKinsey & Company says ensuring young people receive the best possible life chances ought to be a top priority for leaders concerned about the region’s future prosperity.

Tunisian graduates and unemployed youth walk on Mohamed Bouazizi square on December 14, 2015, in the impoverished central town of Sidi Bouzid. (AFP/File Photo)

In a report published in August titled “Opportunity Youth: Imagining a bright future for the next generation,” McKinsey’s Middle East office outlined seven “game-changing opportunities and ideas” that could help create more than 100 million jobs and double the region’s economic output.

“When we set out to write this report, we went into this knowing that there are many challenges in the region,” Tom Isherwood, senior partner at McKinsey, told Arab News.

“There are so many issues that are affecting youth today and the youth that will enter the labor force in the next 20 years. However, there are also big opportunities for them and the region as a whole that have not been written about in the same way.”

The report calls for the development of globally competitive talent by expanding early-childhood education and vocational training — measures that McKinsey predicts could educate 100 million additional children across the MENAP region and add an additional $197 billion to gross domestic product by 2040.

Employees at the Dubai COVID-19 Command and Control Centre (CCC), which plans and manages novel coronavirus fallout plans, at the premises at Mohammed bin Rashid University in the Gulf emirate on May 20, 2020. (AFP/File Photo)

In order to develop globally competitive “superstar firms” capable of creating jobs and bolstering regional economies, the report suggests reducing or even removing barriers to intra-regional trade and capital flows — steps akin to those taken by the EU.

Furthermore, it calls on governments to support innovation-intensive industries, to embrace automation and digitalization, promote research and development in emerging technologies, and to facilitate the best environment for entrepreneurship.

Its authors say improvements in workplace gender diversity should be encouraged by setting up inclusion commissions and enhancing flexible working for parents. McKinsey estimates this alone could create additional economic value worth $1.9 trillion by 2040.

It also recommends future-proofing healthcare services by adopting virtual and digital health technologies and inducting 8 million healthcare workers over the next 20 years. McKinsey believes this could save 4.8 million life-years and add $420 billion to GDP.

For areas of the MENAP region shattered by conflict, the report says a region-wide joint reconstruction fund could salvage some $200 billion in damaged infrastructure while also creating jobs.

Delegates speak together as they attend the fourth edition of the Future Investment Initiative (FII) conference at the capital Riyadh's Ritz-Carlton hotel on January 27, 2021. (AFP/File Photo)

Finally, the McKinsey report calls for greater transparency, including the publication of government performance report cards and the establishment of two-way communications with citizens, which could ultimately result in greater efficiency.

Not only could these measures improve the life prospects of millions of young people in the MENAP region, they could actually make use of this generation’s distinctive skills and attributes.

Youth populations are a source of talent, and creators of homegrown global firms and innovation. Their employment could promote greater gender parity in the workforce, a healthier population and a more resilient health system, drive reconstruction in conflict-hit areas, and contribute to better performance and delivery in governance.

For Isherwood, this generation differs markedly with those that came before it and with the youth of many other regions in several valuable ways.

“It’s a very digitally savvy population, and Saudi Arabia is a prime example of this in terms of mobile connection per person and social media, both consuming and producing,” he said. “It’s a very entrepreneurially inclined generation.”


* 127m - People entering labor markets in MENAP with 23% youth unemployment.

* 1/3 - Proportion of children in MENAP under 10 who grew up in a conflict zone.

* 93m - Children in MENAP at risk of missing out on early childhood education.

In fact, global surveys for the World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business Database have shown that young people in the MENAP region view entrepreneurship far more positively than the global average, which, with the right encouragement, could translate into tremendous opportunities for business leadership.

“We are seeing this happening with venture capital and start-ups in Saudi Arabia in the last three years, and the region as a whole has seen a bunch of these, from Kitopi to Careem,” Isherwood said. “But behind that, there are hundreds of startups being funded, so this is one reason for optimism.”

Another factor driving the region’s potential for success is its appetite for rapid reform. In the Kingdom, for instance, the representation of women in the workforce has risen from less than 15 percent in 2015 to more than 30 percent in 2020.

“That’s the kind of astronomical jump that does not happen anywhere else in the world and it does not happen if you don’t have ambitious, fast-moving government action,” Isherwood said. “And this is not just in Saudi Arabia. You see quite a bit of this in the region as a whole.”

An Emirati youth stands next to camels during the Sheikh Sultan Bin Zayed al-Nahyan heritage festival. (AFP/File Photo)

Although such ideas are instrumental in creating jobs for young workers, Isherwood says far more needs to happen for the region to truly flourish, and ought to involve both the public and private sectors.

Investment in childhood education is one priority area. Encouraging children to take risks and raise their aspirations is seen as crucial to building an entrepreneurial society. Isherwood says this should go hand in hand with regulations promoting a favorable business climate, such as reforming bankruptcy laws.

“There is a social element here,” he said. “Each one of these is a big change that needs to happen in society, where they will tap into multiple parts of society and unlock something for the youth.”

McKinsey itself has a youthful workforce staffed by Saudis, Egyptians, Lebanese and Pakistanis, among others, of which a great number go on to start their own business ventures in the region.

Asian workers from India take a break after work at a park next to Kuwait's Liberation Tower, seen in the background, in Kuwait City. (AFP/File Photo)

“When I was younger, opportunities for youth to achieve a better economic future in the region were few and far between, especially for youth who grew up in lower income parts of the region,” Khalid Aljihrish, a co-author of the McKinsey report, told Arab News.

“I was one of the lucky ones who had one of those few tickets to a brighter future. Even though many countries in the region, both through private and public initiatives, are undergoing impressive transformations today to broaden economic opportunities available to their youth, there is still much to be done.

“We hope that the ideas we share in this report, help broaden the positive impact of ongoing initiatives, and help make the ticket to a brighter future I had when I was younger, available to a much larger subset of youth in the future.”

Isherwood believes the youth of the MENAP region have the potential to not only to shape the future of the region but to also play a significant role in the direction of global development.

An Emirati boy stands in front of traditional houses during the Sharjah Heritage Days festival at the Heritage Area in the UAE. (AFP/File Photo)

“It’s at the crossroads between China and Asia on one side and Europe on the other,” he said.

“It’s a region that creates a lot of energy and a lot of refugees and people that leave. It affects the rest of the world. So, creating an environment that is opportunity-rich for the youth in this region is going to be critical for all of them, but also for the whole world.

“None of these game changers are silver bullets nor easy to accomplish, but they are things that move the needle in a big way and each one of them deserves its own discussion.”


Twitter: @CalineMalek

Sudan PM Hamdok under house arrest, several others seized in apparent power grab

Sudan PM Hamdok under house arrest, several others seized in apparent power grab
Updated 27 min 21 sec ago

Sudan PM Hamdok under house arrest, several others seized in apparent power grab

Sudan PM Hamdok under house arrest, several others seized in apparent power grab
  • Raiders surround the residence of Hamdok and storm the house of his media adviser

RIYADH: Sudan’s Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok has been placed under house arrest and a number of Cabinet ministers and other officials arrested in an apparent coup by a still unidentified military force, local and regional media reported early Monday.

Alhadath TV said four cabinet ministers and a member of Sudan’s Sovereign Council  were among those arrested. Men in military uniform cut off the main roads leading to the capital, and state television was broadcasting patriotic songs.

There was no immediate comment from the military.

The Khartoum airport was shut and international flights were suspended on Monday, the Dubai-based Al-Arabiya TV channel reported, amid reports of a military coup. There was no announcement from the Sudanese government on the status of the airport.

Reacting to the developments, the Sudanese Professionals’ Association, Sudan’s main pro-democratic political group, called on people to take to the street to counter an apparent military coup.  

The association also said there were Internet and phone signal outages in the country. 

One of those arrested was Ali Al-Rayh Al-Sanhouri, secretary-general of the Sudanese Baath Party, Al-Sharq reported, quoting unnamed sources. 

The report said Council of Sovereignty member Mohammed Al-Jawki was also under arrest, along with Minister of Cabinet Affairs Khaled Omar Yusuf.

The raiders have surrounded the residence of Hamdok and stormed the house of his media adviser, whom they then took under custody, various media reports said.

The arrests have come as the US special envoy for the Horn of Africa Jeffrey Feltman met with Sudanese military and civilian leaders Saturday and Sunday in efforts to resolve a growing dispute. Sudan’s Stat News website highlighted the meetings with military officials.

Since August 2019, the country has been led by a civilian-military administration tasked with overseeing the transition to full civilian rule.

The main civilian bloc – the Forces for Freedom and Change (FFC) – which led the anti-Bashir protests in 2019, has splintered into two opposing factions.

“The crisis at hand is engineered – and is in the shape of a creeping coup,” mainstream FFC leader Yasser Arman told the Saturday press conference in the capital Khartoum.

“We renew our confidence in the government, Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok, and reforming transitional institutions – but without dictations or imposition,” Arman added.

A failed coup attempt in September fractured the country along old lines, pitting more conservative Islamists who want a military government against those who toppled autocratic former ruler Omar Al-Bashir in mass protests. In recent days, both camps have taken to the street in demonstrations.

Last week, several cabinet ministers took part in big protests in several parts of the Khartoum and other cities against the prospect of military rule.

The military head of the Sovereign Council has previously asserted his commitment to the transition.

(with agencies)

A Sudanese protester walks past a poster bearing a crossed out face of Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok on the ground, during a rally on Oct. 21, 2021 in Khartoum, demanding a return to military rule. (AFP file)


Dozens of Yemenis feared dead in botched Houthi missile launch

Dozens of Yemenis feared dead in botched Houthi missile launch
Updated 25 October 2021

Dozens of Yemenis feared dead in botched Houthi missile launch

Dozens of Yemenis feared dead in botched Houthi missile launch
  • PM urges factions to unify and foil ‘Iranian-led criminal project’

AL-MUKALLA: Dozens of civilians were reportedly killed or wounded in Yemen’s northern province of Dhamar on Saturday when a ballistic missile fired by the Iran-backed Houthis failed to reach its target and ripped through a residential area, residents and local media said.

Launched by the Houthis from a military base under their control in Dhamar city, the missile landed in a densely populated area close to the base, triggering a huge explosion that rocked the city.

The Houthis quickly sealed off the streets and banned people from entering or leaving the area.

Al-Sharae newspaper reported that the missile “destroyed many houses” in the Al-Najeda neighborhood as ambulances with blaring sirens were seen rushing to the area.

Images seen on social media showed a large fireball and smoke billowing from the site.

The Houthis have intensified drone and missile strikes on the central city of Marib as their ground forces have aggressively pushed to seize control of the strategic city since February.

During the last several days, Arab coalition jets targeted military sites in Houthi-held Hodeidah and Sanaa, where ballistic missiles, explosive drones and bomb boats are manufactured and stored.

Yemeni Prime Minister Maeen Abdul Malik Saeed. (AFP/File)

In the southern city of Aden, the interim capital, Yemeni Prime Minister Maeen Abdul Malik Saeed on Saturday urged factions to forge unified ranks for war against the Houthis and to end the Iranian regime’s strategy in the country.

During a virtual meeting with representatives of political parties included in the government, the prime minister warned that the Houthis are “seeking to seize control of Yemen and would target all opponents who challenged their rule,” urging Yemenis to “come together” to defeat the Houthis.

“The Houthi danger and the Iranian project in Yemen will not exclude anyone, and no party is immune. If we don’t fight it together today, no party will find the time and ground to fight this Iranian-led criminal project in the region,” Saeed said, according to the official news agency.

Yemeni political analysts and officials argue that ongoing infighting among the anti-Houthi camp has weakened it politically and militarily, and enabled the militia to expand across Yemen.

Najeeb Ghallab, undersecretary at Yemen’s information ministry and a political analyst, urged Yemeni parties to “positively respond” to the prime minister’s call, adding that unifying splintered groups and factions would lead to defeat of the Houthis and push them into accepting peace initiatives.

“The only beneficiary of the conflicts and splits within anti-Houthi forces is the Houthis. Unifying factions would place powerful pressure on them,” Ghallab told Arab News.

On the ground, dozens of Houthis and several government troops were killed in fierce clashes over the past day in Juba district, south of Marib province, a Yemeni military official who visited the battlefield told Arab News. The Yemeni army and allied tribesmen foiled consecutive attacks by more than 15 groups of Houthi fighters in Juba who staged a bid to break through Marib defenses.

“The Houthis seized control of a remote village in Juba in the morning and we liberated it by the end of the day,” the official, who requested anonymity, said.

Pope: Don’t send migrants back to Libya and ‘inhumane’ camps

Pope: Don’t send migrants back to Libya and ‘inhumane’ camps
Updated 24 October 2021

Pope: Don’t send migrants back to Libya and ‘inhumane’ camps

Pope: Don’t send migrants back to Libya and ‘inhumane’ camps

VATICAN CITY: Pope Francis on Sunday made an impassioned plea to end the practice of returning migrants rescued at sea to Libya and other unsafe countries where they suffer “inhumane violence.”
Francis also waded into a highly contentious political debate in Europe, calling on the international community to find concrete ways to manage the “migratory flows” in the Mediterranean.
“I express my closeness to the thousands of migrants, refugees and others in need of protection in Libya,” Francis said. ”I never forget you, I hear your cries and I pray for you.”
Even as the pontiff appealed for changes of migrant policy and of heart in his remarks to the public in St. Peter’s Square, hundreds of migrants were either at sea in the central Mediterranean awaiting a port after rescue or recently coming ashore in Sicily or the Italian mainland after setting sail from Libya or Turkey, according to authorities.
“So many of these men, women and children are subject to inhumane violence,” he added. ”Yet again I ask the international community to keep the promises to search for common, concrete and lasting solutions to manage the migratory flows in Libya and in all the Mediterranean.”
“How they suffer, those who are sent back” after rescue at sea, the pope said. Detention facilities in Libya, he said “are true concentration camps.”
“We need to stop sending back (migrants) to unsafe countries and to give priority to the saving of human lives at sea with protocols of rescue and predictable disembarking, to guarantee them dignified conditions of life, alternatives to detention, regular paths of migration and access to asylum procedures,” Francis said.
UN refugee agency officials and human rights organizations have long denounced the conditions of detention centers for migrants in Libya, citing practices of beatings, rape and other forms of torture and insufficient food. Migrants endure weeks and months of those conditions, awaiting passage in unseaworthy rubber dinghies or rickety fishing boats arranged by human traffickers.
Hours after the pope’s appeal, the humanitarian organization Doctors Without Borders said that its rescue ship, Geo Barents, reached a rubber boat that was taking on water, with the sea buffeted by strong winds and waves up to three meters (10 feet) high. It tweeted that “we managed to rescue all the 71 people on board.”
The group thanked the charity group Alarm Phone for signaling that the boat crowded with migrants was in distressed.
Earlier, Geo Barents, then with 296 migrants aboard its rescue ship, was awaiting permission in waters off Malta to disembark. Six migrants tested positive for COVID-19, but because of the crowded conditions aboard, it was difficult to keep them sufficiently distant from the others, Doctors Without Borders said.
In Sicily, a ship operated by the German charity Sea-Watch, with 406 rescued migrants aboard, was granted permission to enter port. But Sea-Watch said that a rescue vessel operated by a Spanish charity, with 105 migrants aboard, has been awaiting a port assignment to disembark them for four days.
While hundreds of thousands of migrants have departed in traffickers’ boats for European shores in recent years and set foot on Sicily or nearby Italian islands, many reach the Italian mainland.
Red Cross officials in Roccella Ionica, a town on the coast of the “toe” of the Italian peninsula said on Sunday that about 700 migrants, some of them from Afghanistan, reached the Calabrian coast in recent days on boats that apparently departed from Turkey.
Authorities said so far this year, about 3,400 migrants had reached Roccella Ionica, a town of 6,000 people, compared to 480 in all of 2019. The migrants who arrived in the last several days were being housed in tent shelters, RAI state television said.
Italy and Malta have come under criticism by human rights advocates for leaving migrants aboard crowded rescue boats before assigning them a safe port.
The Libyan coast guard, which has been trained and equipped by Italy, has also been criticized for rescuing migrants in Libyan waters and then returning them to land where the detention centers awaited them.
On Friday, Doctors Without Borders tweeted that crew aboard the Geo Barents had “witnessed an interception” by the Libyan coast guard and that the migrants “”will be forcibly taken to dangerous detention facilities and exposed to violence and exploitation.”
With rising popularity of right-wing, anti-migrant parties in Italy in recent years, the Italian government has been under increasing domestic political pressure to crack down on illegal immigration.
Italy and Malta have lobbied theirs European Union partner countries, mainly in vain, to take in some of those rescued at sea.

Diplomatic row heats up in Turkey over envoys’ joint declaration

Diplomatic row heats up in Turkey over envoys’ joint declaration
Updated 25 October 2021

Diplomatic row heats up in Turkey over envoys’ joint declaration

Diplomatic row heats up in Turkey over envoys’ joint declaration
  • President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has ordeed the Foreign Ministry to declare the envoys “persona non grata”
  • Ankara’s foreign policy being driven by domestic political considerations, analyst tells Arab News

ANKARA: The joint declaration by 10 ambassadors of Western countries urging the release of the 64-year-old jailed philanthropist Osman Kavala continues to shape domestic politics in Turkey, with President Recep Tayyip Erdogan ordering the Foreign Ministry to declare the envoys “persona non grata.”

The move is expected to have domestic and international political and economic repercussions.

Kavala, who denies the charges, is behind bars for four years, accused of financing nationwide anti-government protests in 2013.

The ambassadors of France, Germany, Norway, Sweden, Finland, New Zealand, the US, Canada, Denmark and the Netherlands called for a quick and just resolution of Kavala’s case on Oct. 18 — the day marking four years of the start of his detention.

We “believe a just and speedy resolution to his case must be in line with Turkey’s international obligations and domestic laws. Noting the rulings of the European Court of Human Rights on the matter, we call for Turkey to secure his urgent release,” the ambassadors’ statement read, echoing the European Court of Human Rights ruling on its member country Turkey.

An undated handout file photograph released on Oct. 15, 2021, by Anadolu Culture Center shows Osman Kavala speaking during an event in Istanbul. (AFP)

The ambassadors were summoned by the Foreign Ministry after the release of the statement.

“I gave the necessary instruction to our foreign minister and said what must be done: These ten ambassadors must be declared persona non grata immediately,” Erdogan said in a speech on Saturday.

“They will know and understand Turkey. The day they do not know and understand it they will leave,” he added, noting that these ambassadors would not release “terrorists” in their own countries.

A declaration of “persona non grata” — an envoy who is no longer welcome — is a diplomatic move that is one step before expulsion.

The Turkish government considers the ambassadors' declaration as direct interference into domestic politics, rather than reminding European top court's ruling.

In the meantime, Kavala, who served on the advisory board of US philanthropist George Soros’ Open Society’s national foundation in Turkey until 2018, released a statement on Friday saying that he would not attend his next trial on Nov. 26 to deliver his defense, as he believes his hearing would be not fair in light of recent circumstances.

The ambassadors referred to the ECHR in their declaration. The top European court urged the immediate release of the Turkish philanthropist in late 2019, saying that his detention was aimed at silencing him.

Last month, the Council of Europe warned that infringement proceedings against Ankara would begin at the end of November if Kavala was not released.

The Danish, Dutch and Norwegian embassies in Turkey said that they had not received any notification from Turkish authorities and would continue to urge Turkey to comply with its international obligations.

Experts, however, note that the expulsion of 10 European and North American ambassadors — unprecedented in Turkish political history — may trigger actions in kind from these countries.

“As elsewhere in the world, all politics is local,” Ozgur Unluhisarcikli, Ankara director of the German Marshall Fund of the US, told Arab News.

“Turkish foreign policy has been driven excessively driven by domestic political considerations and this case is no different,” he said.

According to Unluhisarcikli, Erdogan’s instruction to the Turkish Ministry of Foreign Affairs to declare these ambassadors as “persona non grata” may please his voters and divert attention from domestic troubles, but it will also contribute to Turkey’s international isolation at a time when the country is already under US sanctions and came close to being sanctioned by the EU last year.

Last year, the US administration sanctioned the Turkish defense industry over its purchase of the Russian-made S-400 surface-to-air missile system. The action was taken under the 2017 Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act.

“Moreover ,Turkey is going through a currency crisis, which could trigger a financial crisis about 18 months before the presidential and parliamentary elections scheduled for June 2023,” Unluhisarcikli said.

In public statements, Turkey’s former ambassadors underlined that although harsh reactions could be given in diplomatic proceedings, the main goal should be the management and resolution of the crises.

Abdurrahman Bilgic, a retired envoy who served as the ambassador to Tokyo and the UK, said the ambassadors in Turkey had the right to declare their countries’ stance on Kavala’s release, either individually or through a joint declaration.

“In return, the Turkish Foreign Ministry can also retaliate with a declaration to show their uneasiness. But in the meantime the ambassadors should not target our ruling government and judiciary with their consecutive social media statements,” he told Arab News.

However, for Bilgic, declaring these diplomats “persona non grata” would not serve Turkey’s interests and could trigger retaliation.

“If the process is being handled like this, Turkey could not only loose its voting rights at the Council of Europe but even its membership,” he said.

Article 90 of the Turkish Constitution provides that in the case of conflict between international agreements in the area of fundamental rights and freedoms, the provisions of international agreements shall prevail.

“Expelling ambassadors is not the way to defend national interests or to explain one’s position on any given matter. Impulsive foreign policy with an eye on domestic politics has only served to aggravate Turkey’s isolation. This should not be deepened through rash action,” tweeted Alper Coskun, the former Turkish ambassador to Azerbaijan and senior fellow at Washington-based think-tank Carnegie Endowment.

In the past 50 years, Turkey has declared only three diplomats — one from Libya in 1986, Syria in 1986, and Iran in 1989 — as persona non grata, while the last foreign ambassador Ankara declared persona non grata was an Iranian envoy.

Arab coalition: Over 200 Houthis killed in strikes on Juba and Al-Kasarah

Arab coalition: Over 200 Houthis killed in strikes on Juba and Al-Kasarah
Updated 24 October 2021

Arab coalition: Over 200 Houthis killed in strikes on Juba and Al-Kasarah

Arab coalition: Over 200 Houthis killed in strikes on Juba and Al-Kasarah
  • The coalition said it had carried out 88 air strikes on the districts of Juba and Al-Kasarah during the last 72 hours
  • Arab coalition said it had destroyed four explosive-laden Houthi boats in Hodeidah on Saturday

RIYADH: The Arab coalition said on Sunday that more than 264 Houthis had been killed and 36 military vehicles destroyed in air strikes on two districts near the central Yemeni city of Marib.

The coalition said it had carried out 88 air strikes on the districts of Juba and Al-Kasarah during the last 72 hours.

Juba is some 50 km south of Marib, whilst Al-Kasarah is 30 km northwest of the city.

Later on Sunday, the coalition said it had destroyed an explosive-laden Houthi boat on the Kamaran Island that had been prepared to carry out an imminent attack.

The Houthi militia continues to violate the Stockholm Agreement and the cease-fire in Hodeidah, the coalition said.

The coalition added that the hostile behavior of the Houthi militia threatens navigation in the Bab Al-Mandab Strait and the southern Red Sea

On Saturday, the Arab coalition said it had destroyed four explosive-laden Houthi boats in Yemen’s western province of Hodeidah.

Warplanes targeted Al-Jabanah coastal base, east of Hodeidah city, where the vessels had been prepared to attack international ships sailing through the Red Sea, the coalition said.