Kaaba’s replacement cloth fitted in record time

Kaaba’s replacement cloth fitted in record time
1 / 4
Technicians sew the KIswa to wrap the Holy Kaaba. (SPA)
Kaaba’s replacement cloth fitted in record time
2 / 4
The vast coverings were unraveled from the top of the Kaaba. (SPA)
Kaaba’s replacement cloth fitted in record time
3 / 4
The crews of workers had 210 minutes to complete the task - they did it in 180. (SPA)
Kaaba’s replacement cloth fitted in record time
4 / 4
The process of hanging the Kiswa was a big task, but still the pilgrims came. (SPA)
Updated 20 August 2018

Kaaba’s replacement cloth fitted in record time

Kaaba’s replacement cloth fitted in record time
  • The work was carried out while pilgrims continued to circumambulate the Kaaba
  • A team of 160 workers carry out the task in record time, while pilgrims continue around them

MAKKAH: The Holy Kaaba donned a new Kiswa — a famous black cloth that covers the holiest shrine toward which Muslims face in prayer — on Monday morning after the dawn prayer.
The ceremony that involved at least 160 technicians and manufacturers was held under the supervision of Sheikh Abdulrahman Al-Sudais, the chief of the General Presidency of the Two Holy Mosques.
The Kiswa is changed every year on the ninth day of Dul Hijjah following a tradition of the General Presidency of the Two Holy Mosques.
“After the dawn prayer on the ninth day of the month of Dul Hijjah, the old Kiswa of the Kaaba is replaced by the new one, embellished by gold-plated thread illustrating verses from the Holy Qur’an,” said Ahmad bin Mohammed Al-Mansouri, director-general of the King Abdul Aziz Complex for the Kaaba.
Al-Mansouri said the new Kiswa is 658-square-meter long and is made of 670 kilograms of pure silk. For embroidery, 120 kilograms of gold thread and 100 kilograms of silver thread were used.
The Kaaba cover was manufactured at King Abdul Aziz Complex for Holy Kaaba Kiswa, which has more than 200 Saudi employees qualified and trained in the industry, added Al-Mansouri. The complex also contains the largest sewing machine in the world with a length of 16 meters.
Sheikh Abdulrahman Al-Sudais delivered a speech praising the leadership of the country for putting the service of the Holy Kaaba, the holy sites and the pilgrims at the top of its priorities.

Background
Each year Muslims from all over the world wait for the ninth day of Dul Hijjah to witness the process of replacing the cover of the Kaaba with a new one. The members of the General Presidency of the Two Holy Mosques and the Kiswa Factory of the Holy Kaaba take down the old Kiswa and replace it with a new one made of pure silk.

Dimensions
The Kiswa’s fabric is produced in the form of large pieces, each 10 centimeters wide and and 14 meters long. Each side of the Kaaba is constructed individually according to the width of each side.
The pieces are connected while maintaining the design, and then lined with cotton cloth (the same width and length), and sewn.
Due to the weight of the curtain of the Kaaba’s door, the curtain is directly attached to the wall of the Kaaba. Before changing the Kiswa, a committee of specialists in the factory review and install the embroidered pieces.

Kiswa Factory
The Kiswa Factory producing the covering for the Kaaba is keen on hiring skilled workers in all sections. This factory was built when King Abdul Aziz Al-Saud issued order to establish a separate house for the manufacturing of the Kaaba cloth in 1927.
The factory was renovated and modernized in 1976 in Umm Al-Joud in Makkah and equipped with latest machines for preparing the fabric. Even though the factory has high-tech machines for the fabric, they retained the method of manual production because of its high artistic value.

 

The factory continues to keep pace with the development, and preserve the ancient handmade heritage to produce the best Kiswa each year.
The cost of the Kiswa is approximately SR22 million ($5.8 million).
Natural silk
The fabric is made of pure natural silk, which is dyed in black. Its height is 14 meters. The upper third of the belt is 95 centimeters wide and 47 meters long, and consists of 16 pieces surrounded as a square shape of Islamic patterns or motifs.
The belt contains Qur’anic verses, each in a separate frame, and in the spaces between, in the shape of crescent, praise to and the names of Allah can be found. The belt is embossed with embroidery covered with a gold plated silver cord, which surrounds the whole Kaaba.
The cover includes a curtain of Kaaba’s door. Called a burqa, or veil, the curtain is made of silk, and is six-and-a-half-meters high and three-and-a-half-meters wide, with Qur’anic verses decorated with Islamic motifs that are embossed and covered with gold-plated silver thread. This special thread comes from Germany.
The Kiswa consists of five pieces of cloth, each covering the Kaaba on four sides and the fifth is the burqa. All these pieces are connected to each other.

Stages
The Kiswa Factory goes through several stages: The first is dyeing, in which imported raw silk is dyed in black, red or green.
The second stage is the fabric, in which the dyed fabric is converted into either silk cloth to be printed and then embroidered on the belt or curtain, or converted to the jacquard fabric.
The third phase is printing, where all the lines and patterns in the belt or curtain are printed on the cloth in the manner of wire screen in preparation for embroidery. And finally the collecting stage, in which the jacquard fabric is attached to each other to form the four sides of the Kiswa and then attaching it to the belt and the curtain, in preparation for its installation above the Kaaba.
These stages are carried out in all sections of the factory, which include manual weaving, automatic weaving, printing, flags, curtain and dyeing and construction of the belt. More than 200 qualified employees work in the factory who are considered the greatest calligraphers and artists in the Muslim world.
The factory creates the external and internal Kiswa, as well as flags and pieces that the country gives to important figures.

Decoder

KISWA

The new Kiswa is 658-square-meters long and is made of 670 kilograms of pure silk. For embroidery, 120 kilograms of gold thread and 100 kilograms of silver thread were used.


Inside the corridors of Mawhiba, Saudi Arabia’s foundation for creativity

Inside the corridors of Mawhiba, Saudi Arabia’s foundation for creativity
Updated 18 June 2021

Inside the corridors of Mawhiba, Saudi Arabia’s foundation for creativity

Inside the corridors of Mawhiba, Saudi Arabia’s foundation for creativity
  • Innovative Saudi youngsters take home top prizes at international science and engineering fair

JEDDAH: Despite all the challenges the world has been facing over the past year, King Abdul Aziz and his Companions Foundation for Giftedness and Creativity (Mawhiba) has managed to embrace 30 outstanding Saudi students to represent the Kingdom in the world’s largest science competition, Regeneron International Science and Engineering Fair (ISEF) 2021.

ISEF was held virtually in the US in May, and more than 1,800 students from 70 countries participated.

The science fair targeted innovative high school senior students, who were called on to create science projects based on their research.

The winners of this year were announced on May 20-21. The Kingdom was lucky to take home grand prizes for the first top four winners, who came in second, third and fourth places. The prizes varied, with some winners receiving cash and top university scholarships, while others had their projects adopted by major international and local companies.

SPEEDREAD

Regeneron ISEF 2021 was held virtually in the US.

The Kingdom competed with 30 scientific projects by 30 students from various educational departments, representing the Saudi national team.

The Saudi national team won second, third and fourth place.

All the winning projects contribute to the Kingdom Vision 2030.

Since 2007, Mawhiba has helped the Kingdom achieve 83 ISEF awards.

Winners were announced by the US jury, who based their decisions on elements including creativity, presentation skills, ability to answer deep questions related to the projects, and confidence.

Arab News spoke with the winners to learn more about their projects, inspirations, dreams and more.

 

Saudi Arabia’s winners:

Mansour Al-Marzouqi, second-place winner

Mansour Al-Marzouqi won the second-place grand international prize in the field of Energy: Materials and Sustainable Design for his project “Advanced Synthesis of Potent Photocapacitor Based on Novel 3D-Hierarchical BiVO4 and Self-Synthesized Carbon” — in other words: “Designing a Super-Capacitor that Charges Itself with Light.”

Using locally abundant elements including carbon from date palm leaves and semiconductors such as bismuth and vanadium, Al-Marzouqi’s project was inspired by renewable energy and was endorsed by his professor from King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals.

“I fabricated an energy storage device, known as a super-capacitor, that could charge itself under light exposure only. Yet, I greatly increased the electrochemical performance of the device, which allowed it to function as a battery, a capacitor and a solar cell all at once,” he told Arab News.

He added: “Winning in such a competition has been a dream of mine. I felt a huge surge of happiness, gratitude, pride, accomplishment and honor. Winning in Regeneron ISEF is a very tough benchmark, especially due to the extremely high competition.”

Al-Marzouqi hopes that his invention will serve as a “virtue to society,” advancing knowledge and limiting the demand on energy.

“The application of such projects is broad. Supplying enough energy to people is a difficult task, and my project is a great way to address this issue,” the student added.

He is looking forward to proposing the idea to distinguished institutions such as Saudi Aramco, the Ministry of Energy, NEOM, and the Saudi Electricity Company.

“I feel it is my duty to apply impactful projects like this one here in my country,” he said.

 

Rasha Al-Qahtani, third-place winner

Rasha Al-Qahtani from Riyadh is the third place winner in the field of social and behavioral sciences for her project “An innovative video game feature for the psychological diagnosis of generalized anxiety disorder in adolescence.”

“I created a novel feature that can be applied to video games to help diagnose generalized anxiety disorder in adolescence by displaying decisions for the player to choose from while playing,” she told Arab News. “This approach is the first of its kind.”

Al-Qahtani praised Mawhiba and her parents for their support throughout her nine-year educational journey and expressed how honored she was with this accomplishment.

“I feel  honored to have received this appreciation for my research at one of the most challenging science fairs,” she added. “I am proud to represent my beloved country and prove that we symbolize Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman’s quote when he said: ‘Our ambition is sky-high.’”

 

Arwa Niazi , fourth-place winner

Arwa Niazi from Dhahran, in the Eastern Province, has been part of Mawhiba since she was in the sixth grade. She received the fourth-place award in the field of material science for her project, “Fabrication of self-charging super-capacitor using laser-assisted self-synthesized carbon quantum dots,” or more simply, “Manufacturing a super-capacitor that responds to the sun using quantum carbon dots.”

“Many researchers have previously tried to create the device that I worked on, but the problem was in the toxic materials applied,” she told Arab News. “With my device, however, I worked on making it 100 percent environmentally friendly.”

She added: “During the pandemic, Mawhiba did a lot to help us participate in this competition. My school provided me with mentors, labs and all the materials I needed, and I am so happy to make my country, family and school proud.”

She expressed how thrilled she was to be among the top four winners and how winning will define her path in future studies.

“Winning feels amazing, and I’m proud that my hard work has paid off,” she said.

Niazi’s application to the University of Wisconsin-Madison has been accepted, and she is currently waiting for a scholarship to support her. She hopes to join King Abdullah University for Science and Technology’s Gifted Student Program or Saudi Aramco’s 10-month College Preparatory Program.

She is also considering being part of the first batch of female students to join King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals. In a historic announcement, the university in Dhahran announced that it would start admitting female students for the first time in the 2021/2022 academic year. The university, established in 1963 by a royal decree as the College of Petroleum and Minerals, is widely renowned for its strong science, engineering, business and management programs. It is ranked fourth in the top 100 worldwide universities granted US utility patents in 2018.


NEOM initiative aims to help Saudi craftspeople develop their businesses

NEOM initiative aims to help Saudi craftspeople develop their businesses
Updated 18 June 2021

NEOM initiative aims to help Saudi craftspeople develop their businesses

NEOM initiative aims to help Saudi craftspeople develop their businesses
  • Craft+ runs for two weeks with the aim of empowering and supporting home businesses and micro-enterprises

JEDDAH: A new initiative in NEOM and Tabuk is providing financial support and training to help people working in the local crafts sector develop their businesses.

Craft+ was launched this month by NEOM’s Social Responsibility Program and the Dulani Business Center, a key Social Development Bank program. It runs for two weeks with the aim of empowering and supporting home businesses and micro-enterprises, and providing development and training assistance to help local craftspeople improve the efficiency of their operations and contribute to the development and sustainability of business in the Kingdom. This is in line with the aims of the NEOM megacity project and Saudi Vision 2030.

Craft sectors targeted by the initiative include embroidery and fashion, jewelry making, painting and sculpture, sadu (traditional Bedouin weaving), palm industries and the manufacturing of perfume and incense.

The program concludes with a five-day bazaar in Tabuk Park Mall that will begin on June 18 and be open from 4 p.m. to 11 p.m. each day. Items made by the participants will be on show to raise awareness of the importance of local crafts, and available to buy.

The initiative is taking place under the auspices of NEOM’s Social Responsibility Program, which aims to empower local communities to unlock their potential, preserve their culture and heritage, contribute to the economic growth of NEOM, and succeed in the work environment of the future. It aims to achieve this by 2025 through transformational educational and training programs, entrepreneurial and employment initiatives, and community development efforts.

NEOM also recently launched an initiative designed to provide employment opportunities for local residents, and aims to provide training and upskilling programs to at least 7,000 people by 2025. Since 2020, NEOM has also provided training in the English language and information technology to more than 1,000 residents of the surrounding areas.

The Social Responsibility Program has also organized a series of workshops, in collaboration with the Ministry of Communications and Information Technology and Think Tech, to enhance digital literacy and increase digital awareness.

In January Saudi authorities announced that a huge zero-carbon smart city will be built at NEOM in northwestern Saudi Arabia. The project, called The Line, will be home to a million people and have no cars and or roads.


Misk, Saudi Telecom sign deal for training and development

Misk, Saudi Telecom sign deal for training and development
Updated 18 June 2021

Misk, Saudi Telecom sign deal for training and development

Misk, Saudi Telecom sign deal for training and development
  • MoU aims to enhance cooperation in several fields at the institutional level and within entities affiliated with both parties
  • Partnership will also support entrepreneurship and innovation through STC’s InspireU and ImpactU programs

RIYADH:  The Mohammed bin Salman bin Abdul Aziz Foundation (Misk) and Saudi Telecom Co. (STC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to enhance cooperation in several fields at the institutional level and within entities affiliated with both parties.

The MoU, signed by Misk CEO Badr bin Hamoud Al-Badr and STC Group CEO Olayan Al-Wetaid, included several strategic objectives in the fields of training and development, and leadership preparation in cooperation with the STC Academy.

It also focused on supporting entrepreneurship and innovation through STC’s InspireU and ImpactU programs, in addition to social investment projects, volunteer programs, and on-the-job training initiatives for graduates of Misk programs at STC and its subsidiaries.

This partnership is proof of STC’s role and contribution to the Kingdom's Vision 2030 through social responsibility programs and support for national initiatives in developing human capital, unleashing youth capabilities in various fields, and accelerating innovation and digital transformation.

This memorandum of understanding will also support Misk's efforts towards digital transformation by benefiting from the various innovative technical services and solutions provided by STC and its subsidiaries.


 


Hajj without smart card, permit will not be allowed

Hajj without smart card,  permit will not be allowed
Updated 18 June 2021

Hajj without smart card, permit will not be allowed

Hajj without smart card,  permit will not be allowed
  • Permit will be matched with the electronic card and the pilgrim’s ID

JEDDAH: In an effort to ensure compliance with coronavirus (COVID-19) safety measures, the Ministry of Hajj and Umrah confirmed that no one will be allowed to perform Hajj without a smart card and a documented official permit.

Dr. Abdulfattah Mashat, deputy minister of Hajj and Umrah, said that the permit will be matched with the electronic card and the pilgrim’s ID, noting that there is no platform to apply for Hajj except the official website of the ministry.

“Any company that offers service packages outside the ministry’s platform is violating the system,” he said. 

“At the first stages of the ‘Eatmarna’ application, we noticed some violations by some entities and individuals, but with the passage of time, community awareness began to increase.”

Mashat said this year’s Hajj will use permits through the “Absher” platform only. Information for those who purchased their Hajj packages on the ministry’s platform will be linked to Absher and their ID.

According to the deputy minister, more than 470,000 applications have been received as of Wednesday at 5 p.m. as all met the conditions of immunization and have never performed Hajj before.

FASTFACT

470K

More than 470,000 applications have been received as of Wednesday at 5 p.m. as all met the conditions of immunization and have never performed Hajj before.

Meanwhile, the Ministry of Hajj and Umrah called on all domestic pilgrims connected with the ministry to adhere to health instructions to enable those wishing to perform Hajj.

The ministry said resident locations will apply visual and thermal screening procedures upon pilgrims’ entrance and movement.

The allocated hotels in Makkah and Madinah must conform to the requirements listed by the Ministry of Tourism, the Ministry of Hajj and Umrah, and other bodies concerned with monitoring the accommodation of pilgrims.

The hotels must take into account the application of precautionary measures to prevent crowding inside rooms. The hotels also have to provide catering services for each pilgrim in his room as open buffets are banned.

A health guide (or health leader) from the concerned authority will be available during the pilgrims’ presence in the Hajj areas and during their movements.

This step comes to ensure the preventive measures. Pilgrims must consult a doctor if they suspect COVID-19 symptoms to ensure his safety and the safety of others.

Regarding the procedures in the holy sites, the Two Holy Mosques, and the central area in Makkah and Madinah, social distancing will be enforced throughout the grouping of pilgrims in all Hajj stages. This is in accordance with health requirements in residential buildings and tents. Pilgrims’ bags and baggage carts will be disinfected periodically.

Security guards will facilitate the exit of pilgrims from holy sites according to the time allotted to them and will ensure adherence to the number of pilgrims allowed in one space (no more than 50 people). Seat numbers on buses will be assigned to each pilgrim during the entire Hajj trip and standing inside busses will not be allowed. There will be an empty seat assigned between each pilgrim and carrying personal carry-on baggage will be prohibited.

In the case that a passenger suspects COVID-19 symptoms, the bus will be stopped and disinfected.

The ministries of health and hajj announced Saturday that a total of 60,000 pilgrims will be allowed to perform the pilgrimage this year, which will begin mid-July.


Visitors to Saudi Arabia must complete COVID-19 registration before departure

Visitors to Saudi Arabia must complete COVID-19 registration before departure
Updated 18 June 2021

Visitors to Saudi Arabia must complete COVID-19 registration before departure

Visitors to Saudi Arabia must complete COVID-19 registration before departure
  • GACA said this protocol will help facilitate the entry procedures and reduce waiting periods at ports of entry
  • The circular was issued to all airlines in the Kingdom

RIYADH: All foreign travelers and their companions traveling to the Kingdom must complete registration for their coronavirus (COVID-19) immunization data before departure, according to a circular issued Thursday by Saudi Arabia’s Civil Aviation Authority.
The General Authority of Civil Aviation (GACA) said this protocol will help facilitate the entry procedures and reduce waiting periods at ports of entry.
The registration is applicable to all citizens from Gulf Cooperation Council countries, holders of new visas, residents, and their companions, both inoculated and non-vaccinated.
The move is “in line with efforts made by the Kingdom to limit the spread of COVID-19 while ensuring the safety of citizens and residents,” GACA said.