QNB: Iraq’s real GDP growth to rise to 6.3% in 2014

QNB: Iraq’s real GDP growth to rise to 6.3%  in 2014
Updated 16 November 2013

QNB: Iraq’s real GDP growth to rise to 6.3% in 2014

QNB: Iraq’s real GDP growth to rise to 6.3%  in 2014

Iraq continues to expand its oil resources, but further economic diversification is needed, according to QNB Group. Following the Iraq war, oil production has expanded rapidly, resulting in a rise in per capita GDP from $1,790 in 2005 to over $6,300 in 2012 despite a difficult social context. However, Iraq’s economy continues to experience structural weaknesses, such as a small nonoil sector, a dominant public involvement in all areas of the economy and an underdeveloped business environment.
According to QNB Group, with Iraq’s economy continuing to be primarily driven by developments in the oil sector, economic growth is expected to remain strong in the short-term. However, there are risks to the macroeconomic outlook such as further social instability and weak policy implementation. These risks could translate into lower oil revenues, deteriorating the fiscal position and potentially escalating inflation levels.
Iraq’s macroeconomic performance over the past few years has been sound primarily on the back of a revival in oil production. In 2012, oil production averaged 3.1m barrels a day (bpd), the highest level in over 30 years. Real GDP has accelerated at an average growth rate of 6.4 percent during 2005-12 reflecting increased oil production and high oil prices.
However, high economic growth based on the expansion of the oil sector may not be sufficient to ensure continued prosperity. The lack of economic diversification to date makes Iraq’s economic growth sensitive to the fluctuations of international oil prices and could undermine macroeconomic stability. Hence, economic diversification could be a challenge for the Iraqi government both to create jobs and promote income-generating opportunities for the majority of the population. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) has been involved in supporting the government’s medium-term economic reform program, thereby helping the country improve fiscal sustainability and reduce its vulnerability to sudden drops in oil revenues.
Iraq continues to face development challenges despite the recent resurgence in economic growth. Indeed, there is a need to rebuild infrastructure and institutions, a task made difficult by the prospect of social instability. In addition, the impact of the war and sanctions, have all contributed to a deterioration in Iraq’s social indicators in recent years. For example, the infant mortality rate is one of the worst in the Middle East and North Africa region. Furthermore, school enrolment has declined over the past decade as a result of the low quality of and low returns to education.
During 2007-12, consumption among the lowest 40 percent of the population by income group grew only by 1.1 percent annually, lower than the average rate of consumption growth for the population as a whole (1.8 percent), suggesting that the income distribution is becoming more skewed.
Looking ahead, QNB Group expects Iraq’s real GDP growth to rise to 6.3 percent in 2014, as oil production increases further together with a rapid expansion in government services, trade and construction.

In addition, investment is set to grow strongly in several large oilfields and as infrastructure development gathers momentum.
However, the challenging social context, external shocks and a weak economic structure represent risks to Iraq’s short-term outlook.
Over the medium term, the key challenge to the Iraqi economy remains to develop its nonoil sector, which could provide for diversification, higher living standards, and better social conditions for the Iraqi people.


Egypt to start electric car production from mid-2022

Egypt to start electric car production from mid-2022
Updated 18 June 2021

Egypt to start electric car production from mid-2022

Egypt to start electric car production from mid-2022
  • Thirteen electric vehicles will be tested on Egyptian streets from next month

CAIRO: Egypt will begin testing electric cars on the country’s streets from July, ahead of plans to launch full-scale production of the vehicles from mid-2022.

Thirteen imported electric vehicles will be tested on Egyptian streets from next month, Hisham Tawfik, minister of the Egyptian public enterprise sector, said while attending the launch of the Nasr E70 electric car.

Nine of the electric cars will be tested by drivers nominated by Uber, the global ride-hailing company, he added.

The Nasr E70 is scheduled to start production in mid-2022 with the El Nasr Automotive Manufacturing Company, an affiliate of the Ministry of Public Enterprise Sector’s Metallurgical Industries Company.

Tawfik said that the ministry began studying the electric car production project in mid-2019 as part of efforts to reform and develop its affiliated companies, including the revival of El Nasr Automotive Company.

FASTFACT

E70

The Nasr E70 is scheduled to start production in mid-2022 with the El Nasr Automotive Manufacturing Company.

The project is in line with the global move toward electric cars and aligns with President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi’s directives to localize the manufacture of vehicles used for clean energy.

The Dongfeng Corporation, one of the largest automobile producers in China, is partnering in the production of the Nasr E70 vehicle, the minister said.

An agreement between El-Nasr and Dongfeng was signed in June 2020 following months of negotiations.

The Ministry of Public Enterprise Sector recently released images of the first electric car of its kind in the country.

El Nasr CEO Hani El-Khouly said that three types of electric car models will be available in Egypt, based on battery capacity.

Batteries initially will be made in China, with production later shifting to Egypt.

Trials of the imported cars will continue for up to four months under a range of Egyptian conditions and with different drivers.

The Nasr E70 can reach a speed of 145 kilometers per hour and travel up to 400 km on a single charge.

El-Khouly said that a delegation from China will arrive in Egypt in July to follow up on the tests.

Government subsidy of the car will total about EGP50,000 ($13,333) to support the local market, he said.


From Australia to Hong Kong, internet outages disrupt services

From Australia to Hong Kong, internet outages disrupt services
Updated 18 June 2021

From Australia to Hong Kong, internet outages disrupt services

From Australia to Hong Kong, internet outages disrupt services
  • Many of the outages were reported by people in Australia trying to do banking, book flights and access postal services.
  • Brief internet service outages are not uncommon and are only rarely the result of hacking or other mischief

SYDNEY: A wave of brief Iinternet outages hit the websites and apps of dozens of financial institutions, airlines and other companies across the globe Thursday.

The Hong Kong Stock Exchange said in a post on Twitter Thursday afternoon Hong Kong time that its site was facing technical issues and that it was investigating. It said in another post 17 minutes later that its websites were back to normal.

Internet monitoring websites including ThousandEyes, Downdetector.com and fing.com showed dozens of disruptions, including to US-based airlines.

Many of the outages were reported by people in Australia trying to do banking, book flights and access postal services.

Australia Post, the country’s postal service, said on Twitter that an “external outage” had impacted a number of its services, and that while most services had come back online, they are continuing to monitor and investigate.

Many services were up and running after an hour or so but the affected companies said they were working overtime to prevent further problems.

Banking services were severely disrupted, with Westpac, the Commonwealth, ANZ and St. George all down, along with the website of the Reserve Bank of Australia. Services have mostly been restored.

Virgin Australia said flights were largely operating as scheduled after it restored access to its website and guest contact center.

“Virgin Australia was one of many organizations to experience an outage with the Akamai content delivery system today,” it said. “We are working with them to ensure that necessary measures are taken to prevent these outages from reoccurring.”

Akamai counts some of the world’s biggest companies and banks as customers.

Calls to Akamai, which is headquartered in Cambridge, Massachusetts, but has global services, went unanswered.

The disruptions came just days after many of the world’s top websites went offline briefly due to a problem with software at Fastly, another major web services company. The company blamed the problem on a software bug that was triggered when a customer changed a setting.

Brief internet service outages are not uncommon and are only rarely the result of hacking or other mischief. But the outages have underscored how vital a small number of behind-the-scenes companies have become to running the internet.


Saudi and Russian business officials propose Russian bank in Riyadh

Saudi and Russian business officials propose Russian bank in Riyadh
Updated 18 June 2021

Saudi and Russian business officials propose Russian bank in Riyadh

Saudi and Russian business officials propose Russian bank in Riyadh
  • Russian ambassador to the Kingdom says new commercial attache at the embassy will help Saudi businesses

RIYADH: A proposal to open a Russian bank in Riyadh was presented at a meeting between Saudi and Russian officials on Thursday.
The move would facilitate trade and economic exchange between the two countries, a meeting of the Saudi-Russian Business Council of the Council of Saudi Chambers (CSC) was told.
Russia’s Ambassador to the Kingdom, Sergei Kozlov, said he promised to support and study the proposal to open the bank in Riyadh.
He said a commercial attaché had been appointed at the embassy in Riyadh to help Saudi business owners overcome obstacles.
Ajlan bin Abdulaziz Al-Ajlan, president of the CSC, said the meeting provided strong impetus toward developing more trade and economic relations.
Chairman of the Saudi-Russian Business Council Tariq Al-Kahtani said it was important to strengthen economic and trade cooperation.
The meeting also dealt with some challenges that contributed to the weak volume of trade exchange between the Kingdom and Russia, including the lack of a direct shipping line to facilitate import and export operations.


International companies to invest in Egyptian green hydrogen projects, says minister

International companies to invest in Egyptian green hydrogen projects, says minister
Updated 17 June 2021

International companies to invest in Egyptian green hydrogen projects, says minister

International companies to invest in Egyptian green hydrogen projects, says minister
  • Egypt has signed MOU for 1GW green hydrogen project
  • Other EU companies set to partner with Egypt's private sector

RIYADH: International companies are interested in investing in green hydrogen production in Egypt, according to Minister of Electricity and Renewable Energy Mohamed Shaker.

“There are companies from the European Union that will enter into partnerships with the Egyptian private sector,” he said.

The Egyptian government has signed an MoU with Siemens for the first project to produce green hydrogen with a capacity of 1 megawatt, doubling to 2 megawatts over five years, he said.

“Green hydrogen will be the world’s fuel in the next few years, and I see that Egypt started early in this field,” he added.

Work is currently underway to develop and formulate a strategy for the hydrogen industry in Egypt through a ministerial committee in which the Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources participates as a main member, according to previous statements by the Minister of Petroleum and Mineral Resources Tarek El Molla.

Egypt is planning to invest up to $4 billion in a project to generate green hydrogen gas through water electrolysis, Shaker said this week.

The project is currently in the feasibility studies stage, in consultation with the Sovereign Fund of Egypt and a group of concerned ministries, and will be presented next week, he said.

The United States is planning to increase funding to Egypt to help it convert to solar energy and move away from fossil fuels, US special envoy for climate John Kerry said in Cairo on Wednesday.

Egypt is planning to double the state’s funding for green projects to 30 percent of its overall investment plan during the fiscal year 2021/2022 and to raise it to 50 percent by 2024/2025.


Aramco completes issuance of international trust certificates for $6bn sukuk

Aramco completes issuance of international trust certificates for $6bn sukuk
Updated 17 June 2021

Aramco completes issuance of international trust certificates for $6bn sukuk

Aramco completes issuance of international trust certificates for $6bn sukuk
  • Launched on June 9, sale was Aramco’s first dollar-denominated sukuk.

RIYADH: Saudi Aramco said it completed issuing trust certificates for $6 billion of sukuk.
Aramco issued 30,000 sukuk with a par value of $200,000 each, it said in a filing to the Tadawul stock exchange.
“The outcome demonstrates further evidence of Aramco’s unique value proposition, which is underwritten by its operational and financial resilience,” said Aramco CEO and President Amin Nasser.
The securities were issued in three tranches, with the three-year notes paying 0.946 percent, 5-year notes at 2.602 percent and 10-year bonds 2.694 percent.
The sale, launched on June 9, was Aramco’s first dollar-denominated sukuk.
Aramco’s debut $12 billion bond deal in 2019 was followed by an $8 billion, five-part transaction in November last year, both used to fund its dividend.
The sale attracted orders exceeding $60 billion and added 100 new investors across the globe, Aramco said.