New understanding of Afghanistan is a must
For 20 years, two dominant narratives have shaped our view of the illegal US invasion and occupation of Afghanistan, and neither of these narratives would readily accept the use of such terms as “illegal,” “invasion” and “occupation.”
The framing of the US military intervention in Afghanistan, starting in October 2001, as the official start of what was dubbed a global “war on terror” was left almost entirely to US government strategists. President George W. Bush, Vice President Dick Cheney, Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld and an army of spokespersons, neoconservative “intellectuals,” journalists and so on championed the military option as a way to rid Afghanistan of its terrorists, make the world a safer place and, as a bonus, bring democracy to the country and free its oppressed women.
For that crowd, the US intervention in an already war-torn and extremely impoverished country was a just cause; maybe violent at times, but ultimately humanistic.
Another narrative, also a Western one, challenged the gung-ho approach used by the Bush administration, argued that democracy cannot be imposed by force, reminded Washington of Bill Clinton’s multilateral approach to international politics, and warned against the “cut and run” style of foreign policymaking, whether in Afghanistan, Iraq or elsewhere.
Although these two narratives may have seemed at odds, at times they both accepted the basic premise that the US was capable of being a moral force in Afghanistan and elsewhere. Whether those who refer to themselves as “antiwar” realize this or not, they subscribe to the same notion of American exceptionalism and manifest destiny that Washington continues to assign to itself.
The main difference between these narratives is that of methodology and approach, not whether the US has the right to intervene in the affairs of another country — whether to “eradicate terrorism” or to supposedly help a victim population that is incapable of helping itself and is desperate for a Western savior.
However, the humiliating defeat suffered by the US in Afghanistan should inspire a whole new way of thinking — one that challenges all Western narratives, without exception, in Afghanistan and throughout the world.
Obviously, the US has failed in Afghanistan, not only militarily and politically, but also in terms of state-building and every other way. The US-Western narratives on Afghanistan were also a failure themselves. The mainstream media, which has reported on the country with a palpable sense of moral urgency for two decades, now seems befuddled. US “experts” are as confused as ordinary people regarding the hasty retreat from Kabul, the bloody mayhem at the airport and why the US was in Afghanistan in the first place.
Meanwhile, the humanistic interventionists are more concerned with Washington’s “betrayal” of the Afghan people, of “leaving them to their fate” as if they are irrational beings with no agency of their own or as if they called on the Americans to invade their country or elected US generals as their democratic representatives.
The US-Western propaganda, which has afflicted our collective understanding of Afghanistan for the last 20 years, has been so overpowering to the point that we are left without the slightest understanding of the dynamics that led to the Taliban’s swift takeover of the country. The Taliban are presented in the media as if they are entirely alien to the socioeconomic fabric of Afghanistan. This is why their ultimate victory seemed not only shocking but extremely confusing too.
For two decades, the very little we know about the Taliban has been communicated to us through Western media analyses and military intelligence assessments. With the Taliban’s viewpoint completely removed from any political discourse pertaining to Afghanistan, an alternative Afghan national narrative was carefully constructed by the US and its NATO partners. This promoted the “good Afghans,” we were told; those who dress in Western-style clothing, speak English, attend international conferences and, supposedly, respect women. These were also the Afghans who welcomed the US occupation of their country, as they benefited greatly from Washington’s generosity.
If they truly represented Afghan society, why did their army of 300,000 men drop their weapons and flee, along with their president, without a serious fight? And if the 75,000 poorly armed and, at times, malnourished Taliban seemed to merely represent themselves, why then did they manage to defeat formidable enemies in a matter of days?
For two decades, the very little we know about the Taliban has been communicated to us through Western media analyses and military intelligence assessments.
There can be no argument that an inferior military power, like that of the Taliban, could have possibly persisted with and ultimately won such a brutal war over the course of many years without substantial grassroots support pouring in from the Afghan people in large swaths of the country. The majority of the Taliban recruits who entered Kabul on Aug. 15 were either children or were not even born when the US invaded their country all those years ago. What compelled them to carry arms, to fight a seemingly unwinnable war, and to kill and be killed? And why did they not join the more lucrative business of working for the Americans?
We are just beginning to understand the Taliban narrative, as their spokespeople are slowly communicating a political discourse that is almost entirely unfamiliar to most of us — a discourse that we were not allowed to hear, interact with or understand.
Now that the US and its NATO allies are leaving Afghanistan, unable to justify or even explain why their supposed humanitarian mission led to such an embarrassing defeat, the Afghan people are left with the challenge of weaving their own national narrative; one that must transcend the Taliban and their enemies to include all Afghans, regardless of their politics or ideology.
Afghanistan is now in urgent need of a government that truly represents the people of that country. It must ensure the right to education and protect minorities and political dissidents, not to acquire a Western nod of approval but because the Afghan people deserve to be respected, cared for and treated as equals. This is the true national narrative of Afghanistan that must be nurtured outside the confines of the self-serving Western mischaracterization of Afghanistan and her people.
- Ramzy Baroud has been writing about the Middle East for over 20 years. He is an internationally syndicated columnist, a media consultant, an author of several books, and the founder of PalestineChronicle.com. Twitter: @RamzyBaroud